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Health hazards of mobile phone and computer use

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A power point presentation discussing the various health hazards encountered while using mobile phone and computer

Health hazards of mobile phone and computer use

  1. 1. Health Hazards in Mobile and Computer Use Prof. Dr. S. Aswini Kumar. MD Professor of Medicine Govt. Medical College Hospital Thiruvananthapuram Email: draswini@in.com
  2. 2. MOBILE PHONES
  3. 3. Cell Phones
  4. 4. 3,000,000,000 users world wide
  5. 5. % of Population Using Mobiles
  6. 6. India In India, mobile phones overtook fixed phones in 2005 India is the 2nd largest market in the world for mobile phones.
  7. 7. Situation in Kerala
  8. 8.
  9. 9. WHO Concern of Mobile Hazards Because of Electro -Magnetic Radiations
  10. 10. Mobiles = Microwave Ovens
  11. 11. Is it really dangerous?
  12. 12. Thermographic Change Heat generated on the face by 15 minutes of cell phone use due to their electromagnetic radiation Thermal Effects
  13. 13. Thermal Effect of Cell Phones
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Specific Absorption Rate Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is a measure of the rate at which energy is absorbed by the body when exposed to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field
  16. 16. X-rays Roentgen (1895) Background X-Ray of his wife’s hand
  17. 17. Radiologists began to suffer from radio dermatitis since 1896. But there was total denial of the existence of X-ray effects Radiation Dermatitis
  18. 18. Hiroshima August 6, 1945, @ 8:15 A.M. local time 
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Electromagnetic Radiation
  23. 23.
  24. 24. 3 sources of radiation
  25. 25. How is the radiation produced by a cell phone transmitted?
  26. 26. US Analog 3 Watts CDMAMobile1 Watts GSM Mobile 2 Watts Power Output of Mobile Phones
  27. 27. Power Output of Base stations Mobile phones
  28. 28. ICNIRP Guideline
  29. 29. ICNRP Reference Levels
  30. 30. World Health Organization “ Serious health effects like cancer are unlikely from mobile phones and their base stations ” Based upon the consensus view of medical and scientific communities But ….
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Mobile phones open up the Blood Brain Barrier
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Children are more prone to radiation
  35. 35. Pregnancy EMR may affect the fetus
  36. 36. Can moblies cause brain tumors? ?
  37. 37. Studies on Brain Cancer & Mobiles
  38. 38. Theory behind brain tumors
  39. 39. Risk of Acoustic Neuroma
  40. 40. Salivary Gland Tumors An Israeli study showed that heavy mobile phone use can cause salivary gland tumors
  41. 41. Radiation from cell phones can interact with electronic devices
  42. 42. Mobile phones are banned in majority of air planes
  43. 43. Mobile Phone & Defibrillators
  44. 44. Cell phones may interfere with pacemakers
  45. 45. Driving, while using a mobile phone is dangerous Indirect Effects
  46. 46. Cell Phones Cause Traffic Accidents Risk of accidents ↑ by 4 times
  47. 47.
  48. 48. New Delhi Mumbai Kerala Andhra Ineffective due to lack of visible enforcement Banning cell phones while driving Only 4 states
  49. 49. Mayor of London, Boris Johnson Mobile cycling
  50. 50.
  51. 51. Suicidal Crossing Street while talking on mobile phone
  52. 52. Mobile Traps
  53. 53. Mobile Abuse
  54. 54. Mobile Terror
  55. 55. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SAFE USE OF MOBILES
  56. 56. 1. Minimize the duration of use Not more than 3 minutes Atleast 15’ intervals
  57. 57. 2. Use hands-free to decrease the radiation to the head
  58. 58. Use speaker phone or headset Step 3
  59. 59. Step 5 <ul><li>Limit the use of cell phones by at-risk population (such as children). </li></ul>4. Limit use of cell phones by children
  60. 60. 5. Avoid living near the base stations
  61. 61. Step 6
  62. 62. 7. Never use a cell phone when a conventional phone is available
  63. 63. Mobil 8. Mobile phones prohibited near ICU and OT
  64. 64. 9. The practice of installing antennas needs to be regulated
  65. 65. 10. The SAR value for each hand set should be provided by the manufacturers
  66. 66. HEALTH HAZARDS OF COMPUTER USE <ul><li>Computer cannot kill? </li></ul>
  67. 67. All Are Avoidable
  68. 68. Eye Strain Also called Computer Vision Syndrome
  69. 69. Eye Strain- Symptoms Any of the symptoms given below?
  70. 70. Position your monitor at right angles to the window
  71. 71. Install an anti-glare screen
  72. 72. Flickering Monitor
  73. 73. Adjust the brightness
  74. 74. Don't forget to blink. Your eyes need the moisture. Eye Irritation
  75. 75. Hand Problems Repetitive Strain Injury
  76. 76. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  77. 77. Ergonomic Keyboard
  78. 78. Use a mouse pad with wrist rest
  79. 79. Wrong Keyboard Position Hands at angles - Nerves at the wrist are trapped Elbows away from body - Causes a static load - Aching shoulders and neck
  80. 80. Correct Keyboard Position Keep your wrist and hands in line with the forearm Keep your elbow at right angles to the upperarm
  81. 81. Hold mouse loosely and click lightly
  82. 82. Neck and Back Strain
  83. 83. Eyes in line with Top of The Monitor
  84. 84. A computer writing platform 
  85. 85.
  86. 86. Preferably chairs should be on wheels, have lumbar support, tilt adjustment, and have arms
  87. 87. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome <ul><li>Adjust your chair or table height to have your elbow angle at 90-100 degrees </li></ul>Computer Ergonomics
  88. 88. Be sure you have enough desk space for work papers and other equipment
  89. 89. intersperse other tasks with your computer work
  90. 90. Move around Take frequent short breaks
  91. 91. Computer Related Anxiety Disorder
  92. 92.
  93. 93. Pornographic Sites CLICK HERE
  94. 94. Computer in the living room Computer in the Study room
  95. 95. Laptop Cause Sterility?
  96. 96. Laptop Catching Fire
  97. 97. Laptop Cooler Pad
  98. 98. Or Keep A Fire Extinguisher Ready
  99. 99. Conclusions

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