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Dr. Asra Hameed
Pharm.D (JUW)
asra_hameed1@hotmail.com
• TOPICS INCLUDED:
• Introduction:
• Poverty Condition in
Pakistan
• Causes/Reasons of poverty
in Pakistan
• Effects of po...
Introduction:
Poverty Condition in Pakistan
Definition
A situation in which a
person or household lacks
the resources necessary to
be ab...
• According to Homer
“This is misery! The last, the worst that man can feel”.
According Jean Guenon
“He is poor who doesn'...
• Poverty in Pakistan
• A STUDY on
poverty
• Poverty in Pakistan
by Adeel Tariq
UNDP (United Nations
Development Program)
International Organizations
Reports about poverty in Pakistan.
 Report Of UNDP:
According to a UNDP report, 65.5 percent ...
International Organizations
Reports about poverty in Pakistan.
 Asian Development Bank Report
According to the ADB report...
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
• 1. Government
Policies
• 2. Education
• 3. Overpopulation
• 4. Unemployment
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
• 5. Judiciary System
• 6. Poor
governance
• 7. Corruption
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
• 8. Division of
Agricultural Land
• 9. Materialism
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
• 10. Large Scale Import
• 11. Law and Order
• 12. Fluctuated Foreign
investment
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
• 13. Privatization
• 14. Political Instability
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
Effects of poverty in
Pakistan
• Diseases are more widely spread
because poor people cannot
afford hygienic foods and pure...
• Poor families experience
much more stress than
middle-class families. Besides
financial uncertainty, these
families are ...
• Homelessness, or extreme poverty,
carries with it a particularly strong
set of risks for families, especially
children. ...
Solutions/Remedies to Overcome
the Poverty in Pakistan
 Promote industrialization
 Replacement of the traditional agricu...
 Controlling of inflation and other economic indicators
and regulators.
 Developing investment friendly environment
 Gi...
Poverty will never end unless there are real solutions to end it; solutions based
on economic justice and political change...
3. A total redistribution of idle lands to landless farmers and the
imposition of a 50% cap on arable land devoted to prod...
6. An obligation of total transparency for any corporation with
more than 100 employees and a 1% tax on all benefits
distr...
Conclusion
• Leadership has got central importance here; with
proper planning and good government policies the
problem can...
POVERTY IN PAKISTAN
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POVERTY IN PAKISTAN

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Introduction:
Poverty Condition in Pakistan
Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
Effects of poverty in Pakistan
Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan
Conclusion

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POVERTY IN PAKISTAN

  1. 1. Dr. Asra Hameed Pharm.D (JUW) asra_hameed1@hotmail.com
  2. 2. • TOPICS INCLUDED: • Introduction: • Poverty Condition in Pakistan • Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan • Effects of poverty in Pakistan • Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan • Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction:
  4. 4. Poverty Condition in Pakistan Definition A situation in which a person or household lacks the resources necessary to be able to consume a certain minimum basket of goods. The basket consists either of food, clothing, housing and other essentials (moderate poverty) or of food alone (extreme poverty). The most common method used to define poverty is income- based.
  5. 5. • According to Homer “This is misery! The last, the worst that man can feel”. According Jean Guenon “He is poor who doesn't have enough; he is poorer who cannot get enough". “A person is considered poor if his or her income level falls below some minimum level necessary to meet basic needs. This minimum level is usually called the poverty line”. Poverty Condition in Pakistan
  6. 6. • Poverty in Pakistan • A STUDY on poverty • Poverty in Pakistan by Adeel Tariq
  7. 7. UNDP (United Nations Development Program)
  8. 8. International Organizations Reports about poverty in Pakistan.  Report Of UNDP: According to a UNDP report, 65.5 percent population of Pakistan earns less than 2$ per day.  SPDC (Social Policy Development Centre) Report According to the SPDC, 88 percent of Baluchistan’s population, 51 percent of NWFP, 21 percent of Sindh and 25 percent of Punjab’s population is prey to poverty and deprivation.  World Bank Report According to the 2011 statistics of the World Bank, due to the global financial recession poverty ratio is increased especially of USA and the EU countries have pushed millions of people around the world into deeper poverty. Almost 40% of 107 developing countries are highly exposed to the poverty. Pakistan is ranked among the 43 countries who are most exposed to poverty.
  9. 9. International Organizations Reports about poverty in Pakistan.  Asian Development Bank Report According to the ADB report, poverty is spreading in Pakistan due to the rising population, Pakistan’s internal situation, agriculture backwardness, unequal income distribution, defiance expenditure, and increase in utility charges and rise in unproductive activities.  Pakistan’s Planning Commission Report Pakistan’s Planning Commission (2011), poverty rate has jumped from 23.9 to 37.5 percent in the last three years. The commission has estimated that in 2007 there were 35.5 million people living below the poverty line but in 2010 their number increased to over 64 million.
  10. 10. Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan • 1. Government Policies • 2. Education
  11. 11. • 3. Overpopulation • 4. Unemployment Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
  12. 12. • 5. Judiciary System • 6. Poor governance • 7. Corruption Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
  13. 13. • 8. Division of Agricultural Land • 9. Materialism Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
  14. 14. • 10. Large Scale Import • 11. Law and Order • 12. Fluctuated Foreign investment Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
  15. 15. • 13. Privatization • 14. Political Instability Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan
  16. 16. Effects of poverty in Pakistan • Diseases are more widely spread because poor people cannot afford hygienic foods and pure drinking water which is much expensive. • Many infants born into poverty have a low birth weight, which is associated with many preventable mental and physical disabilities. Not only are these poor infants more likely to be irritable or sickly, they are also more likely to die before their first birthday.
  17. 17. • Poor families experience much more stress than middle-class families. Besides financial uncertainty, these families are more likely to be exposed to series of negative events and “bad luck,” including illness, depression, eviction, job loss, criminal victimization, and family death. Effects of poverty in Pakistan
  18. 18. • Homelessness, or extreme poverty, carries with it a particularly strong set of risks for families, especially children. Homeless children are less likely to receive proper nutrition and immunization. They experience more health problems. Homeless women experience higher rates of low-birth-weight babies, miscarriages, and infant mortality, probably due to not having access to adequate prenatal care for their babies. Homeless families experience even greater life stress than other families, including increased, family relationships, and friendships. Effects of poverty in Pakistan
  19. 19. Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan  Promote industrialization  Replacement of the traditional agricultural  equipment with new scientific equipments in order to increase the yield.  Establishment of justice and equality  Equal distribution of resources  Merit should be the upshot strategy in all walks of life  Elimination of discriminatory policies
  20. 20.  Controlling of inflation and other economic indicators and regulators.  Developing investment friendly environment  Giving more feasibilities and concessions to the foreign investors  Dumping extremism and feudalism  Establishing more and more technical institute in order to get people well skilled.  Prevalence of education  Provision of job opportunities  Division of agricultural lands among tenants. Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan
  21. 21. Poverty will never end unless there are real solutions to end it; solutions based on economic justice and political changes. 1. The full equality between men and women in public as well as private areas of life, a worldwide minimum wage of $20 per day and the end of child labor under the age of 16 with the creation of a subsidy for scholarship. 2. The guarantee of shelter, healthcare, education, food and drinking water as basic human rights that must be provided free to all. Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan
  22. 22. 3. A total redistribution of idle lands to landless farmers and the imposition of a 50% cap on arable land devoted to products for export per country, with the creation of a worldwide subsidy for organic agriculture 4. An end to private monopoly ownership over natural resources, with a minimum of 51% local communal ownership in corporations, which control such resources as well as the termination of intellectual property rights on pharmaceutical drugs. 5. The cancellation of third world debt with no reciprocal obligations attached and the payment of compensation to Third World countries for historical as well as ecological debt. Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan
  23. 23. 6. An obligation of total transparency for any corporation with more than 100 employees and a 1% tax on all benefits distributed to shareholders of corporations to create unemployment funds. 7. The termination of tax havens around the world as well as free flow of capital in developing countries. 8. An equal voting for developing countries in international organizations such as IMF, World Bank, WTO, and the termination of veto right for the permanent members of the UN Security Counsel. 8. A commitment by industrialized countries to decrease carbon emission by 50% over a ten-year period as well as reducing by 25% each developed country%u2019s consumption of natural resources. Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan
  24. 24. Conclusion • Leadership has got central importance here; with proper planning and good government policies the problem can be solved. All they need to do is to appoint competent and wall qualified economists to help them tackle this issue and obviously their sincerity for its solution cannot be ignored as well. A country economy is the backbone of its country with its solution when it is saved many problems will automatically. Alone leadership is not enough for its solution. People of Pakistan have too got responsibility with equal share. People need to cooperate fully with government and should be sincere with their own country and put all their energies for eradication of poverty.
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Introduction: Poverty Condition in Pakistan Causes/Reasons of poverty in Pakistan Effects of poverty in Pakistan Solutions/Remedies to Overcome the Poverty in Pakistan Conclusion

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