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A tempest the tempest- Prospero


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A tempest the tempest- Prospero

  1. 1. Topic: The Tempest and A Tempest _ Prospero’s Character Paper: 11 Paper Name: The Postcolonial Literature Prepared by: Drashti Mehta Roll No:7 PG Enrollment No:PG13101021 Sem:3 Email id: Submitted to: Smt. S.B. Gardi, Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinghji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar(Gujarat-India)
  2. 2. Aime Cesaire •"A Tempest” (1969) -is a play by Aime Cesaire
  3. 3. William Shakespeare •“The Tempest” is William Shakespeare's play, written around the year 1610
  4. 4. A Tempest by Aime Cesaire Cesaire -a renowned poet, essayist and playwright. • A Tempest, translated -French to English, stunning masterpiece. • The author -insightful views on the psychology behind Prospero and Caliban’s action. It follows the original version, but it has an African Twist. • Where Ariel, a mulatto, slave, attempts to win over his master and Caliban speaks outright and demands. • Cesaire's version: the themes of colonialism and Negritude
  5. 5. Prospero He is the protagonist and central character He generates the plot of the play single- handedly Prospero is the Duke of Milan Father of Miranda, Master of Ariel and Caliban
  6. 6. Godlike figure: Prospero functions as a god on the island, manipulating everyone within his reach. He is Godlike in his control of those around him and in his knowledge of all that transpires. Like a god he punishes the guilty and demands repentance.
  7. 7. Treatment - Natives • He is polite in The Tempest and Rude in A Tempest. • He occupies the Land in both
  8. 8. Prospero V/s Caliban “ And now, Caliban, it’s you and me! What I have to tell you will be brief: Ten times, a hundred times, I’ve tried to save you, above all from yourself. But you have always answered me with wrath and venom, Like the opossum that pulls itself up by it’s own tail The better to bite the hand that tears it From the darkness. Well, my boy, I shall set aside my Indulgent nature And henceforth I will answer Your violence with violence! “Well I hate you as well! For it is you who have made me doubt myself for the first time.
  9. 9. Prospero’s use of Magic: He use his magic to make a storm, to frighten servants, to control enemies, and for marriage of his daughter etc.
  10. 10. White magic of Nature not black magic of evil. White Magic Uses white magic to carry out his designs. Never injure his enemies. Magic - pure illusion.
  11. 11. Prospero’s Art He planned well, creates beautiful wedding masque A Show A skillful director. Role as a presenter is important • In between he is supervising and directing the performance of his spirits , he informs Ariel: “ I must use you in such another trick.”
  12. 12. Bitter Old man Earlier in the play, Prospero appears Callous and Cruel He is defensively autocratic with Ariel. His punishments of Caliban are petty and vindictive, his spirits pinch Caliban - curses. Ariel reminds his master his promise-Prospero bursts into fury- threatens him-imprisonment and torment Unpleasant- Ferdinand, leading him to his daughter and then imprisoning and enslaving him.
  13. 13. Power over the other characters and his overwrought speeches - difficult to like. Beginning - puffed up and self-important, superhuman power that is humanly limited. His possession and use of magical knowledge renders him extremely Use power first badly and then for good purposes He is a powerful magician powerful Power
  14. 14. Caliban’s speech “Prospero, you are the master of illusion Lying is your trademark. And you have lied so much to me (lied about the world, lied about me) That you have engaged by imposing on me an image of myself. Underdeveloped, you brand me, inferior, that’s the way you have forced me to see myself I detest that image! What’s more it’s a lie! But now I know you, you old Cancer; and I know myself as well.”
  15. 15. Knowledge • Really likes his books. • Mathematical mind • He put theory into practice • Use magic • Dr. Faustus
  16. 16. His Roles
  17. 17. Miranda His daughter, her only duty in his eyes is to remain chaste. Completely deprived of freedom by her father. Miranda and Ferdinand marriage The less-prominent women mentioned in the play Completely internalised the patriarchal order of things
  18. 18. Humanity Prospero’s humanity is clearly seen, in his treatment of Antonio, whom he calls Traitor but whom he acclaims to treat as a traitor. Prospero’s goodness appears when he stops Alonso from apologizing to Miranda, telling him that there is no need for more amends. At the end he forgives his enemies
  19. 19. Time: Calculation Close observation of time, He follows the rhythm of time Time Conscious
  20. 20. Limits his power Power corrupts Choiceto return to Milan, Remain human, abjure magic Dr. Faustus He knows much about control and balance He reveals guilty
  21. 21. In Shakespeare's ‘The Tempest’, Prospero leaves at the end, but in Cesaire's ‘A Tempest’, Caliban and Prospero lives there, at the end Prospero grants Ariel his freedom, but retains control of that island and of Caliban.