Topic: The Tempest and A Tempest
_ Prospero’s Character
Paper Name: The Postcolonial Literature
Prepared by: Drashti Mehta
PG Enrollment No:PG13101021
Email id: email@example.com
Submitted to: Smt. S.B. Gardi, Department of English,
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinghji Bhavnagar University
•"A Tempest” (1969) -is a play by Aime Cesaire
•“The Tempest” is William Shakespeare's play, written around the year 1610
A Tempest by Aime Cesaire
Cesaire -a renowned poet, essayist and
• A Tempest, translated -French to English, stunning
• The author -insightful views on the psychology behind
Prospero and Caliban’s action.
It follows the original version, but it has an
• Where Ariel, a mulatto, slave, attempts to win over his
master and Caliban speaks outright and demands.
• Cesaire's version: the themes of colonialism and
He is the protagonist and central
He generates the plot of the play
Prospero is the Duke of Milan
Father of Miranda, Master of Ariel and
Prospero functions as a
god on the island,
within his reach.
He is Godlike in his
control of those around
him and in his knowledge
of all that transpires.
Like a god he punishes
the guilty and demands
Treatment - Natives
• He is polite in The
Tempest and Rude in A
• He occupies the Land in
Prospero V/s Caliban
“ And now, Caliban, it’s you and me!
What I have to tell you will be brief:
Ten times, a hundred times,
I’ve tried to save you, above all from yourself.
But you have always answered me with wrath and venom,
Like the opossum that pulls itself up by it’s own tail
The better to bite the hand that tears it
From the darkness.
Well, my boy, I shall set aside my
And henceforth I will answer
Your violence with violence!
“Well I hate you as
For it is you who
have made me
doubt myself for
the first time.
Prospero’s use of Magic:
He use his magic
to make a storm,
and for marriage
of his daughter
Role as a
• In between he is supervising
and directing the
performance of his spirits , he
“ I must use you in such another
Bitter Old man
Earlier in the play, Prospero
appears Callous and Cruel
He is defensively
autocratic with Ariel.
His punishments of
Caliban are petty and
vindictive, his spirits
pinch Caliban - curses.
Ariel reminds his master his
promise-Prospero bursts into
fury- threatens him-imprisonment
Unpleasant- Ferdinand, leading
him to his daughter and then
imprisoning and enslaving him.
Power over the other
characters and his
overwrought speeches -
difficult to like.
puffed up and
power that is
His possession and use
of magical knowledge
renders him extremely
Use power first
badly and then
He is a powerful
“Prospero, you are the master of illusion
Lying is your trademark.
And you have lied so much to me
(lied about the world, lied about me)
That you have engaged by imposing on me an image
Underdeveloped, you brand me, inferior,
that’s the way you have forced me to see myself
I detest that image! What’s more it’s a lie!
But now I know you, you old Cancer; and I know
myself as well.”
• Really likes his books.
• Mathematical mind
• He put theory into practice
• Use magic
• Dr. Faustus
duty in his
eyes is to
in the play
order of things
to treat as a
is no need
At the end
In Shakespeare's ‘The Tempest’,
Prospero leaves at the end, but in
Cesaire's ‘A Tempest’, Caliban and
Prospero lives there, at the end
Prospero grants Ariel his freedom,
but retains control of that island and