Hand Washing• What are the benefits of hand washing with soap ?• What are the Critical Movements when hands are to be washed with soap?• What are the correct ways to wash hands?• How can you change people hand washing behavior ?• What about people who do not have access to soap?
Who Should Wash Hands• WE ALL• WE ALL are at Risk• Clean appearing hands need not be free of Germs
How Should One Wash Hands? Rubbing of hands (6 times or more), Rinsing with safer water Drying with clean cloth or paper towel For at least 15 to 30 seconds
Hand Washing Quiz-1• How many germs are there on a hand at any given time?• a) 5,000 b) 50,000 c) 500 a) 50
Hand Washing Quiz-1• CORRECT ANSWER• a) There are approximately 5,000 germs on your hand at any given time.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• The majority of cold germs are spread through:• a) sneezing and coughing b) Touching c) sharing utensils d) hand-to-hand contact
Hand Washing Quiz-1• d) Despite the generally held belief that cold germs are spread through sneezing and coughing, the majority of transmission comes from hand-to-hand contact and transfer of germs.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• A working adult touches how many objects in one minute?• a) one object b) seven objects c) 30 objects d) 15 objects
Hand Washing Quiz-1• c) A working adult touches 30 objects in one minute.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• The most contaminated sites in schools are:• a) desks b) doors handles of classrooms c) computer mouse and keyboard d) all of the above
Hand Washing Quiz-1• CORRECT ANSWER• d) all of the above.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• A small child will bring his hands to his nose or mouth once every:• a) hour b) 20 seconds c) three minutes d) 15 minutes
Hand Washing Quiz-1• c) A small child will bring his hands to his nose or mouth once every three minutes.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• The area of the home with the most germs is:• a) the bathroom b) a childs bedroom c) the kitchen d) all of the above
Hand Washing Quiz-1• The area in the home bathroom with the most germs is:• a) the sink b) the bathtub c) the shower d) the door handle
Hand Washing Quiz-1• a) The sink has the most germs of any area in the home bathroom.
Hand Washing Quiz-1• What is the single most effective way to prevent the transmission of disease?• a) antibiotics b) handwashing c) Gloves d) all of the above
Hand Washing Dr Anmol Gupta MBBS,MD,PGDMCH,FIMSA Associate Professor CommunityMedicine IG Medical College Shimla
• Hand washing with soap could save one millions lives per year
Hand washing a Tribute to Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis :
Why Hand Washing :• Why Hand Washing for hand hygiene is the act of cleansing the hands with water or another liquid, with the use of soap, for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, and/or microorganisms• Human feces are the main source of diarrheal pathogens. They are also the source of shigellosis, typhoid, cholera, all other common endemic gastro-enteric infections, and some respiratory infections: just one gram of human feces can contain 10 million viruses and one million bacteria.
Unicef on use of Soap :• Unicef on use of Soap Unicef says using soap to wash hands, particularly after contact with excreta, can reduce diarrheal diseases by over 40% and respiratory infections by 30%.
Sir William Osler on Hand Washing :• Sir William Osler on Hand Washing Soap, Water and Common sense, are still the best Antiseptics.
Soap saves lives :• Soap saves lives The campaign was initiated to reduce mortality rates related to diarrhea diseases by introducing simple behavioural changes, such as hand washing with soap, which according to research can reduce the rate by almost 50 per cent.
Why Hand Washing Reduces Diarrheal Diseases• Why Hand Washing Reduces Diarrheal Diseases Diarrhoeal diseases kill more than 1.5 million children under five each year but the simple act of hand washing can reduce these diseases by >45%.
CDC on Hand Washing When you should wash hands :• CDC on Hand Washing When you should wash hands According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), if you dont wash your hands frequently, you can pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself. Youre at risk every time you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth.
By washing your hand – you are free from Microbes• By washing your hand – you are free from Microbes By frequently washing your hands the right way, youll wash away germs — such as bacteria and viruses — that you have picked up from other people, through contaminated water and food, from tainted surfaces, or from animals and animal waste.
Hand washing a better option in prevention :• Hand washing a better option in prevention The two biggest killers of children in the developing world today are diarrheal disease and respiratory tract infections. The simple act of washing hands with soap can cut diarrhea risk by almost half, and respiratory tract infection by a third. This makes hand washing a better option for disease prevention than any single vaccine•
Take Home Messages-1• WHO: We All• WHY: Keeps Us Healthy and Disease Free• WHEN: As Often as You Can• WHERE: Every Where• HOW: Follow the Steps of Hand Washing• WHAT: Use Soap and Water
Take Home Messages-2• Hand washing is MOST important habit to inculcate for health as well as social reasons• Hand washing and personal hygiene is timeless wisdom• Despite appearing simple, it is a complex behaviour• With a little effort it can easily be imbibed by anyone at any age• Handwashing : Timeless wisdom - A Healthy Habit
Take Home Messages-3• Contrary to the existing belief – No need to wash hands for extended duration of 1 to 2 minutes – Hand washing for 15 to 30 seconds is enough
Take Home Messages-4• Wash your hands After you use a restroom Before and after you eat Before you touch your eyes, nose or mouth Before and after you prepare food, and after you handle meat or fish, Before moving on to other food items After you change a diaper After you pet a dog, cat or other animal After you touch plants or soil After you visit a hospital or nursing home After you come in contact with any body fluids or touch items that may have come in contact with body fluids
Hand washing is a behavior change :• Hand washing is a behavior change Hand washing with soap is among the most effective and inexpensive ways to prevent diarrheal diseases and pneumonia, which together are responsible for the majority of child deaths.
Create awareness at several places :• Hand washing is likely to be especially important where people congregate (schools, offices), where ill or vulnerable people are concentrated (hospitals, nursing homes), where food is prepared and shared and in homes, especially where there are young children and vulnerable adults.