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Family

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Family definition, types, broken family

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Family

  1. 1. Family It is a group of biologically related persons living together and sharing the common kitchen and purse
  2. 2. Household  Biologically nonrelated persons, as servants or any persons from the same place of origin may also stay.
  3. 3. Family as a unit  Social Unit: Members have common physical and social environment  Biological Unit: Members share common genes  Cultural Unit: It determines their attitude and behaviour
  4. 4. Family as a unit  Fundamental Unit: Of the nation for all practical purposes  Epidemiological Unit: To the health worker  End Unit: Where comprehensive social and health care can be delivered
  5. 5. Family as a unit  Consumer Unit: At the base of the society
  6. 6. Family Pattern  Family of origin: Where one is born  Family of procreation: setup after marriage
  7. 7. Family Types I Nuclear or Unitary or Single Family : Married couples with their dependent children II Joint Family: More than one married couple live with their children IIIThree generation family Representation of the three generations live together.
  8. 8. Stages of Family Four stages (sometimes intermingle with or overlap one another): 1. Stage of Formation: Began with marriage 2. Stage of Growth: Starts with birth of children
  9. 9. Stages of Family 3. Stage of retraction: When grown-up children marry and start their own family or migrate to other places. 4. Stage of Disintegration: Begins with the death of parents
  10. 10. Structure  Head of Family (father)  Mother (Mother figure)  Juniors or children
  11. 11. Family Functions A. Provide residence is the first function (it may be paternal, maternal, or independent) B. Family maintains an Economic Security C. Division of Labour D. Rearing and Upbringing of children E. As a social and Cultural Bridge, it transmits the Social values from one generation to other
  12. 12. Family Functions F. Care & Protection especially to children & aged G. Family regulates the Marital relations and Sexual activities H. Family act as a Buffer during the ups- downs of the individual and collective life.
  13. 13. Pathogenic Family Structure 1. : Discordant and Disturbed Families (a) One or both of the parents is not gaining satisfaction from the relationship and  May express feelings of frustration and disillusionment in hostile ways such as;  Nagging, belittling &  Doing things purposefully to annoy the other person. (b) Value differences.
  14. 14. Pathogenic Family Structure - Discordant and Disturbed Families Complications: Children find difficult to establish and maintain marital and other intimate relationship.
  15. 15. Pathogenic Family Structure 2. Disturbed  One or both of the parents behave in grossly Eccentric or Abnormal ways and may keep the home; in constant Emotional Turmoil (a) Parents who are fighting to maintain their own equilibrium and are unable to give the child needed love and guidance;
  16. 16. Pathogenic Family Structure 2. Disturbed (b) Gross irrationally in communication patterns as well as faulty parental models; (c) Almost in vitality, the enmeshment of the child in the emotional conflicts of the parents. I. Marital Schism II. Marital Skew
  17. 17. Pathogenic Family Structure 2. Disturbed I. Marital Schism: Both parents are constantly embroiled in deep seated conflict; II. Marital Skew: Healthier marital partner in the interest of minimizing open disharmony, essentially accepts and support the frequently bizarre beliefs and behaviours of the spouse.
  18. 18. Pathogenic Family Structure 3. Disrupted  Incomplete, whether as a result of death, divorce, separation or some other circumstance:- following effects a. Traumatic effects on a child b. Feeling of insecurity & rejection  Absence of father has adverse effect on the formation of a secure gender identity for both girls and boys.
  19. 19. Pathogenic Family Structure 4. Inadequate Families:  Inability to cope with the ordinary problems of Family living  It lacks the resources, physical or psychological for meeting demands with which most families can satisfactorily cope.  The incompetence of such a family may stem from immaturity, lack of education, mental retardation, or other short coming of the parents.
  20. 20. Pathogenic Family Structure 4. Inadequate Families: Effects:  Cannot give its children the feeling of safety and security they need or  Adequately guide them in the development of essential competencies
  21. 21. Pathogenic Family Structure 5. Ant-Social families  Parents are overtly or covertly engaged in behaviour that violates the standard and interests of society (anti-social) and  They may be chronically in difficulty with the law.  Such anti-social values usually handicap relationship within the family, as well as provide undesirable models for child.

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