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urinary system drugs

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urinary system drugs

  1. 1. Urinary System Drugs
  2. 4. Common Urinary Agents Problems <ul><li>Urecholine </li></ul><ul><li>Urispas </li></ul><ul><li>Urex/Hiprex </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-banthine </li></ul><ul><li>Pyridium (phenazopyridine) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxybutynin </li></ul><ul><li>Detrol </li></ul><ul><li>Increase peristalsis </li></ul><ul><li>Increase bladder capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Bactericidal </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder spasms </li></ul><ul><li>Local anesthetic ( Rx & OTC) </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary antispasmodic </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder control </li></ul>
  3. 5. Diuretic Therapeutic Classes <ul><li>Carbonic Anhydrase inhibitors </li></ul><ul><li>Osmotic </li></ul><ul><li>Loop </li></ul><ul><li>Thiazides </li></ul><ul><li>Combination </li></ul><ul><li>Potassium-Sparing </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous </li></ul>
  4. 10. Carbonic Anhydrase Osmotics <ul><li>Acetazolamide (Diamox) </li></ul><ul><li>Loop </li></ul><ul><li>furosemide (Lasix) </li></ul><ul><li>torsemide (Demadex) </li></ul><ul><li>bumetanide (Bumex) </li></ul><ul><li>Mannitol </li></ul><ul><li>Thiazides </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) </li></ul>
  5. 11. Combination K+Sparing <ul><li>Triamterene-HCTZ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dyazide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxzide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Triamterene (Dyrenium) </li></ul><ul><li>Spironolactone (Aldactone) </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous </li></ul><ul><li>Indapamide (Lozol) </li></ul><ul><li>Metalazone (Zaroxolyn) </li></ul>
  6. 12. Renal Function and Disease Stages of Renal Disease Causes of Renal Failure <ul><li>Loss of renal reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Renal insufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic renal failure </li></ul><ul><li>End stage renal disease </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-renal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased volume to kidneys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intra-renal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-renal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Block urine flow </li></ul></ul>
  7. 13. Agents for Renal Disease <ul><li>Epogen & Procrit (epoetin alfa {erythropoietin} </li></ul><ul><li>Folvite (folic acid {vitamin B9} </li></ul><ul><li>Nestrex (pyridoxine {vitamin B6} </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple vitamin complex (MVI) </li></ul><ul><li>InFed ( iron dextran injection) </li></ul><ul><li>Renagel (Sevelamer) </li></ul><ul><li>Calciferol (ergocalciferol {Vitamin D}) </li></ul>
  8. 14. What are UTI’s? <ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cystitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urethritis (lower tract) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prostatitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyelonephritis (upper tract) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibiotics (SMZ-TMP, Amoxil, Nitrofurantoin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analgesics (phenazopyridine) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 15. Summary Slide <ul><li>Renal Function and Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Agents for Renal Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Common Urinary Problems & Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Benign Prostatic Hypertropy (BPH) in text </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy of the Nephron </li></ul><ul><li>Diuretic Therapeutic Classes and MOA </li></ul>

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