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Prescription Medications Basic Human Anatomy Common Diseases Basic Medical Terminology Brand and Generic Names
 
Basic Human Anatomy Terms <ul><li>Skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Nerves, Senses, Glands </li></ul><u...
Drug Classification Study Chart Example Patient Education Cautions & Warnings Adverse  Effects Purpose &  Therapeutic Effe...
Therapeutic Classes- ANALGESICS <ul><li>Non-opioid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASA/IBU/Naproxen ...
ANESTHETICS <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrous oxide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lidocai...
Epileptic Agents <ul><li>Anticonvulsants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbamazepine (Tegretol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diazepa...
ANTIHISTAMINES <ul><li>1 st  generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydroxyzine (Atarax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promethazine...
Gastrointestinal Agents <ul><li>Antacids/Acid neutralizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium/ Aluminum hydroxide (Mylanta) <...
GIT Agent  cont. <ul><li>Gastro-protectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Misoprostol (Cytotec) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulcral...
Cardiovascular <ul><li>Anti hypertensives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diuretics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Furosemide (Lasix...
<ul><li>Ace inhibitors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benazepril (Lotensin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestri...
<ul><li>Anti coagulants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warfarin (Coumadin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti platelet </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Anti-Hyperlipidemia <ul><li>) </li></ul>
“ STATINS” Lovastatin  (Mevacor) Atorvastatin  (Lipitor) <ul><li>Ezetimibe </li></ul><ul><li>(Zetia) </li></ul>
Immune System Antibiotics <ul><li>Inhibitors of Cell Wall Synthesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillin </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Folic Acid Antagonists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMZ/TMP (Septra DS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inhibitors of Protein Synt...
<ul><li>Fluoroquinolones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levofloxacin (Levaquin) </...
<ul><li>Anti fungal agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluconazole (Diflucan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ketoconazole (Nizoral) ...
Respiratory Agents <ul><li>Bronchodilators </li></ul><ul><li>Relievers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Albuterol (Ventolin) </li></u...
<ul><li>Inflammatory cell stabilizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cromolyn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leukotriene inhibitors </li></...
Muscle Relaxants <ul><li>Carisoprodol (Soma) </li></ul>
Psychotropic Agents <ul><li>Anti anxiety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alprazolam (Xanax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zolipidem (Am...
<ul><li>Anti psychotics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chlopromazine (Thorazine) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul><...
Neurological Agents <ul><li>Anti Parkinson's </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amantadine (Symmetrel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levod...
Endocrine System (Hormones & Modifiers) <ul><li>Adrenals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corticoid-Steroid replacement </li></ul></u...
Anti-Diabetic <ul><li>Insulin preparations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Insulin (Humulin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insuli...
Other Systems <ul><li>Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rheumatoid Arthritis </li></ul><...
 
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Prescription medications

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Prescription medications

  1. 1. Prescription Medications Basic Human Anatomy Common Diseases Basic Medical Terminology Brand and Generic Names
  2. 3. Basic Human Anatomy Terms <ul><li>Skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Nerves, Senses, Glands </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration and Excretion </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul>
  3. 4. Drug Classification Study Chart Example Patient Education Cautions & Warnings Adverse Effects Purpose & Therapeutic Effect Classification
  4. 5. Therapeutic Classes- ANALGESICS <ul><li>Non-opioid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASA/IBU/Naproxen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celecoxcib (Celebrex) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opioids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrocodone/APAP-combos- Vicodin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxycodone/APAP-combos-Percocet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxycodone CR-Oxycontin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morphine- Roxanol </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. ANESTHETICS <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrous oxide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lidocaine (Xylocaine) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Epileptic Agents <ul><li>Anticonvulsants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbamazepine (Tegretol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diazepam (Valium) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gabapentin (Neurontin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenytoin (Dilantin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti emetics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metoclopramide (Reglan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prochlorperazine (Compazine) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meclizine (Antivert) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. ANTIHISTAMINES <ul><li>1 st generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydroxyzine (Atarax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promethazine (Phenergan) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loratadine (Claritin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fexofenadine (Allegra) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decongestants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pseudoephedrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenylephrine </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Gastrointestinal Agents <ul><li>Antacids/Acid neutralizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium/ Aluminum hydroxide (Mylanta) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>H2 antagonists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famotidine (Pepcid) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranitidine (Zantac) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lansoprazole (Prevacid) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Omeprazole (Prilosec) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. GIT Agent cont. <ul><li>Gastro-protectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Misoprostol (Cytotec) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulcralfate (Carafate) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laxatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulk forming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psyllum) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senna </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stool softener </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Docusate Na+ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Anthelmintics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mebendazole (Vermox) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti-diarrheals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adsorbents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kaolin/Pectin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antimotillity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diphenoxylate (Lomotil) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antispasmodics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dicyclomine (Bentyl) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Cardiovascular <ul><li>Anti hypertensives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diuretics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Furosemide (Lasix) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HCTZ (Hydrodiuril) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beta blockers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atenolol (Tenormin) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metoprolol (Lopressor) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Ace inhibitors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benazepril (Lotensin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angiotensin 2 Antagonists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Losartan (Cozaar) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Calcium channel blockers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verapamil (Calan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amiodipine (Norvasc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alpha blockers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doxazosin (Cardura) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vasodilators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minoxidil (Loniten) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti anginals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isosorbide DN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitroglycerin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti arrhythmic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quinidine (Quinidex) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lidocaine (Xylocaine) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Anti coagulants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warfarin (Coumadin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti platelet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aspirin (ASA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clopidogrel (Plavix) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thrombolytics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streptokinase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congestive Heart Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digoxin (Lanoxin) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Anti-Hyperlipidemia <ul><li>) </li></ul>
  14. 15. “ STATINS” Lovastatin (Mevacor) Atorvastatin (Lipitor) <ul><li>Ezetimibe </li></ul><ul><li>(Zetia) </li></ul>
  15. 16. Immune System Antibiotics <ul><li>Inhibitors of Cell Wall Synthesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amoxicillin (Amoxil/Trimox) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amoxicillin-Clavulanate (Augmentin) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillin VK </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cephalosporins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cephalexin (Keflex) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Folic Acid Antagonists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMZ/TMP (Septra DS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inhibitors of Protein Synthesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetracyclines (Tetracycline) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aminoglycosides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macrolides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Azithromycin (Zithromax) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Fluoroquinolones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levofloxacin (Levaquin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urinary antiseptics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti mycobacterial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isoniazid (INH) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Anti fungal agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluconazole (Diflucan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ketoconazole (Nizoral) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti protazoal agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metronidazole (Flagyl) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antiviral agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acyclovir (Zovirax) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti neoplastics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Respiratory Agents <ul><li>Bronchodilators </li></ul><ul><li>Relievers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Albuterol (Ventolin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salmeterol (Serevent) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corticosteroids </li></ul><ul><li>Controllers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluticasone/Salmeterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Advair) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Inflammatory cell stabilizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cromolyn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leukotriene inhibitors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Montelukast (Singulair) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antitussive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guaifenesin Cod </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Histamine </li></ul><ul><li>Expectorant </li></ul><ul><li>Decongestants </li></ul>
  21. 22. Muscle Relaxants <ul><li>Carisoprodol (Soma) </li></ul>
  22. 23. Psychotropic Agents <ul><li>Anti anxiety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alprazolam (Xanax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zolipidem (Ambien) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hypnotics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbiturates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phenobarbitol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non barbiturates </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Anti psychotics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chlopromazine (Thorazine) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluoxetine (Prozac) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sertraline (Zoloft) </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Neurological Agents <ul><li>Anti Parkinson's </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amantadine (Symmetrel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti Alzheimer's </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Epileptics </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Migraine </li></ul>
  25. 26. Endocrine System (Hormones & Modifiers) <ul><li>Adrenals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corticoid-Steroid replacement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thyroid replacement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Levothyroxine (Synthroid) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male hormone replacement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testosterone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female hormone replacement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Estrogen/progesterone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral contraceptives </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Anti-Diabetic <ul><li>Insulin preparations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Insulin (Humulin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulin glargine (Lantus)- RX </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oral Hypoglycemic Agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glipizide (Glucotrol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metformin (Glucophage) </li></ul></ul>Last ONE !
  27. 28. Other Systems <ul><li>Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rheumatoid Arthritis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auditory </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalmic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti glaucoma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dermatological </li></ul><ul><li>Hematological </li></ul><ul><li>Electrolytes </li></ul><ul><li>Immunobiologic </li></ul>

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