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Common Ocular Diseases (World Glaucoma Day)

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General public should know a little bit about diseases of the eyes and how to care for them. This presentation gives a overview of glaucoma (targeting World Glaucoma Day) and comom eye diseases.

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Common Ocular Diseases (World Glaucoma Day)

  1. 1. 12th march 2008
  2. 3. Blindness Impact INDIA <ul><li>Second largest cause of </li></ul><ul><li> preventable blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Largest cause of </li></ul><ul><li> irreversible blindness </li></ul><ul><li>By 2010 – 1 CRORE </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020 – 2 CRORE </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 90% undiagnosed </li></ul>
  3. 4. WHAT IS GLAUCOMA ?
  4. 5. ARE THERE ANY SYMPTOMS <ul><li>ASYMPTOMATIC </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Colored halos </li></ul><ul><li>Partial/peripheral loss </li></ul><ul><li>Red eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea and/or vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Severe pain in eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Constant headache </li></ul>
  5. 9. IS GLAUCOMA CURABLE?
  6. 10. DO I HAVE GLAUCOMA? <ul><li>Regular eye checkup if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You are more than 40yrs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You have frequent headaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You have diabetes, hypertension or heart disease, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any family member is having glaucoma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examination includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision, I.O.P. and Fundoscopy (on every visit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Fields (as per doctor’s advice) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 11. HOW TO TREAT GLAUCOMA
  8. 12. IS FOLLOW-UP REQUIRED <ul><li>YES </li></ul><ul><li>Regular follow-up as per requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Once started, medications have to be taken life-long </li></ul><ul><li>Never stop/change any medication without consulting a eye specialist </li></ul>
  9. 13. HOW TO CARE FOR MY EYES? <ul><li>Find ways to keep stress levels low. </li></ul><ul><li>Do regular exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Do Limited use of tea/coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Eat good amount of fruits/vegetables. </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your eyes while at work or play </li></ul><ul><li>Keep diabetes, B.P., cholesterol, etc under control </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to visit your Ophthalmologist. </li></ul>Without your help, Doctor cannot treat you.
  10. 15. COMMON EYE PROBLEMS AN OVERVIEW
  11. 17. Refractive Errors <ul><li>80 Million in this world un-necessarily blind </li></ul><ul><li>90% of this occurs in developing world </li></ul><ul><li>80% of this blindness is avoidablE </li></ul>
  12. 18. Types of refractive error <ul><li>Myopia </li></ul><ul><li>near sightedness </li></ul><ul><li>Hypermetropia </li></ul><ul><li>far sightedness </li></ul><ul><li>Astigmatism </li></ul><ul><li>blurred </li></ul>
  13. 19. Problems with Ref. Errors * Blurring * Eye-strain * Headache * Fatigue * Squint * Psychology * Repeated Eye Infections
  14. 20. Treatment
  15. 21. PRESBYOPIA
  16. 22. SQUINT
  17. 23. CONGENITAL PTOSIS
  18. 24. CATARACT
  19. 25. TRAUMATIC CATARACT PEDIATRIC CATARACT Hypermature Cataract
  20. 26. INTRAOCULAR LENS
  21. 27. CONJUNCTIVITIS
  22. 28. BLEPHERITIS
  23. 29. CONTACT ECZEMA Reaction to use of topical medications.
  24. 30. Sub-conjunctival Hemorrhage
  25. 31. CHALAZION
  26. 32. PTERYGIUM
  27. 33. DACRYOCYSTITIS
  28. 34. DCR
  29. 35. CORNEAL ULCER
  30. 36. HERPES
  31. 37. CORNEAL TRANSPLANT
  32. 38. NIGHT BLINDNESS VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA
  33. 39. UVEITIS DIABETES ARTHRITIS TUBERCULOSIS AIDS SYPHILIS
  34. 40. DIABETIC RETINOPATHY <ul><li>India leads with a current figure of 40.9 million </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 million blind, DR is 6 th major cause of blindness </li></ul><ul><li>DR has 22 to 26 per cent incidence in diabetics </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020, DR will become a pandemic. </li></ul>
  35. 42. TREATMENT DR
  36. 43. VITREOUS HEMORRHAGE
  37. 44. RETINAL VASCULAR DISEASES DUE TO UNCONTROLLED BLOOD PRESSURE
  38. 45. RETINAL DETACHMENT
  39. 46. AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION <ul><li>>75 yrs age, aging process </li></ul><ul><li>almost irreversible </li></ul><ul><li>to delay we should take all types of fruits and vegetables in our diet </li></ul>
  40. 47. THYROID EYE DISEASE
  41. 48. TRAUMA
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General public should know a little bit about diseases of the eyes and how to care for them. This presentation gives a overview of glaucoma (targeting World Glaucoma Day) and comom eye diseases.

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