The Signs of
Immanu-el
Matthew 1:23
Isaiah 7:1-17

Unity Presbyterian Church
29 December 2013
The Signs of
Immanu-el
What is the
meaning of
Christmas?
The Signs of
Immanu-el
What is the
meaning of
Christmas?
God became a human being so
that all human beings will be
saved f...
Matthew’s
Sign of
Immanu-el
Matt 1:20-23
Matthew 1:20-23
20 But after he had considered this, an angel
of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and
said, “Joseph son...
Matthew 1:20-23
22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had
said through the prophet:
23 “The virgin will be with ...
Isaiah’s
Immanu-el
Isaiah 7:1-17

The Prophet Isaiah by Michelangelo
Isaiah 7:1-17
1 When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of
Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram
Judah
and Pekah son of R...
Reign of
King Ahaz
son of
Jotham
735-715 BC
King Rezin
of Aram
King Pekah
son of
Remaliah of
Israel
King TiglathPileser II...
3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, “Go out, you and
your son Shear-Jashub to meet Ahaz at the end of
the aqueduct of the Uppe...
Isaiah 7:3
Reservoir from
Gihon Spring near
Jerusalem
Shear-Jashub=
remnant will return
God’s assuranceJudah will not be
d...
7 Yet this is what the Sovereign LORD says:
“ ‘It will not take place, it will not happen,
8
for the head of Aram is Damas...
Isaiah 7:3-9
not afraid of Rezin and Pekah, mere men; both
died 2 years later (732 BC)
Challenge to Ahaz to believe ‘If yo...
10 Again the LORD spoke to Ahaz, 11 “Ask the
LORD your God for a sign, whether in the
deepest depths or in the highest hei...
14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a
sign: The virgin will be with child and will give
birth to a son, and will c...
Isaiah 7:13-17

House of Ahaz
Translation of word ‘virgin’
Earliest Isaiah Manuscript

Dead Sea scrolls
‘almâh = unmarried women of child bearing age
Not virgin birth
Isaiah 7:13-17
13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of
David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men?
Will you t...
Isaiah 7:13-17
15 He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to
reject the wrong and choose the right. 16 But before...
Isaiah’s Sign of Immanu-el
Prophecy of reassurance to King Ahaz
Judah will not be destroyed
3 children’s Names
– Shear-Jas...
Isaiah’s
The Sign of
Immanu-el
Isaiah 7:14 =
God with us
(with Judah)
The Virgin and Child
Septuagint
Septuagint or LXX
3rd Century BC, translation
of the Hebrew Bible into
Koine Greek
Ptolemy II Philedelphus
(285-246 BC)
72...
Septuagint or LXX
Isaiah 7:14
Hebrew ‘almâh
translated as Greek
parthenos
parthenos = virgin
Therefore the Lord himself wi...
Septuagint or LXX
Is it possible for
seventy-two Hebrew
scholars to
mistranslate one word,
‘almâh in Isaiah 7:14?
Septuagint or LXX
Is it possible for
seventy-two Hebrew
scholars to
mistranslate one word,
‘almâh in Isaiah 7:14?
And pred...
Matthew’s
The Sign of
Immanu-el
Matt 1:20-23
Matthew 1:20-23
20 But after he had considered this, an angel
of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and
said, “Joseph son...
Matthew 1:20-23
22 All this took place to fulfill what the
Lord had said through the prophet: 23
“The virgin will be with ...
The virgin birth
The sinless
nature of Jesus
Saviour
Immanu-el

Inspiration of St Matthew by Caraggiovo
Matthew’s
The Sign of
Immanu-el
Matt 1:20-23 =
God with us +
God saves
Our
The Sign of
Immanu-el
Isaiah 7:14
Matt 1:20-23
Our Sign of Immanu-el
God is in
control
Our Sign of Immanu-el
God is in
control
God saves
Our Sign of Immanu-el
God is in
control
God saves
God with us
Therefore the Lord
himself will give
you a sign: The
virgin will be with
child and will give
birth to a son, and
will call...
Transcript of this sermon is available at
www.kairos2.com/sign_of_immanuel.htm
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The Signs of Immanuel

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The sign of Immanuel for us is that God is in control, God saves and God is with us.

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The Signs of Immanuel

  1. 1. The Signs of Immanu-el Matthew 1:23 Isaiah 7:1-17 Unity Presbyterian Church 29 December 2013
  2. 2. The Signs of Immanu-el What is the meaning of Christmas?
  3. 3. The Signs of Immanu-el What is the meaning of Christmas? God became a human being so that all human beings will be saved from eternal damnation and enjoy eternal life with God forever
  4. 4. Matthew’s Sign of Immanu-el Matt 1:20-23
  5. 5. Matthew 1:20-23 20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.”
  6. 6. Matthew 1:20-23 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23 “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” — which means, “God with us.”
  7. 7. Isaiah’s Immanu-el Isaiah 7:1-17 The Prophet Isaiah by Michelangelo
  8. 8. Isaiah 7:1-17 1 When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram Judah and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem, but they Jerusalem could not overpower it. 2 Now the house of David was told, “Aram has allied itself with Ephraim”; so the hearts of Ahaz Ephraim and his people were shaken, as the trees of the forest are shaken by the wind.
  9. 9. Reign of King Ahaz son of Jotham 735-715 BC King Rezin of Aram King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel King TiglathPileser III of Assyria
  10. 10. 3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, “Go out, you and your son Shear-Jashub to meet Ahaz at the end of the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Washerman’s Field. 4 Say to him, ‘Be careful, keep calm and don’t be afraid. Do not lose heart because of these two smoldering stubs of firewood —because of the fierce anger of Rezin and Aram and of the son of Remaliah. 5 Aram, Ephraim and Remaliah Remaliah’s son have plotted your ruin, saying, 6 “Let us invade Judah; let us tear it apart and divide it among ourselves, and make the son of Tabeel king over it.”
  11. 11. Isaiah 7:3 Reservoir from Gihon Spring near Jerusalem Shear-Jashub= remnant will return God’s assuranceJudah will not be destroyed
  12. 12. 7 Yet this is what the Sovereign LORD says: “ ‘It will not take place, it will not happen, 8 for the head of Aram is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is only Rezin. Rezin Within sixty-five years Ephraim will be too shattered to be a people. 9 The head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is only Remaliah’s son. If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all.’ ”
  13. 13. Isaiah 7:3-9 not afraid of Rezin and Pekah, mere men; both died 2 years later (732 BC) Challenge to Ahaz to believe ‘If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all’ 65 years Israel will no longer be a people – – – – – Prophecy given in 734 BC 65 years will be 669 BC Assyria conquered Israel in 722 BC People exiled, foreigners brought in (2 Kings 17:24) 699 BC, more foreigners (Ezra 4:10)
  14. 14. 10 Again the LORD spoke to Ahaz, 11 “Ask the LORD your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.” 12 But Ahaz said, “I will not ask; I will not put the LORD to the test.” 13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God also?
  15. 15. 14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel . 15 He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right. 16 But before the boy knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right, the land of the two kings you dread will be laid waste. 17 The LORD will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since Ephraim broke away from Judah—he will bring the king of Assyria.”
  16. 16. Isaiah 7:13-17 House of Ahaz Translation of word ‘virgin’
  17. 17. Earliest Isaiah Manuscript Dead Sea scrolls ‘almâh = unmarried women of child bearing age Not virgin birth
  18. 18. Isaiah 7:13-17 13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The maiden ‘almâh will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. Isaiah’s wife (Isaiah 8:3-4) Someone both Isaiah and Ahaz knew The queen
  19. 19. Isaiah 7:13-17 15 He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right. 16 But before the boy knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right, the land of the two kings you dread will be laid waste. 17 The LORD will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since Ephraim broke away from Judah—he will bring the king of Assyria.” The three conditions of the sign (734 BC) – Born and called Immanu-el – Raised in time of calamity – Still youth the two-king alliance will be laid waste (732 BC Aram destroyed)
  20. 20. Isaiah’s Sign of Immanu-el Prophecy of reassurance to King Ahaz Judah will not be destroyed 3 children’s Names – Shear-Jashub = a remnant will return (7:3) – Immanu-el = God with us (7:14) – Maher-shalal-hash-baz =quick to plunder, swift to spoil (8:3)
  21. 21. Isaiah’s The Sign of Immanu-el Isaiah 7:14 = God with us (with Judah)
  22. 22. The Virgin and Child
  23. 23. Septuagint
  24. 24. Septuagint or LXX 3rd Century BC, translation of the Hebrew Bible into Koine Greek Ptolemy II Philedelphus (285-246 BC) 72 Hebrew scholars Great respect; Philo and Josephus Early church fathers
  25. 25. Septuagint or LXX Isaiah 7:14 Hebrew ‘almâh translated as Greek parthenos parthenos = virgin Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The parthenos will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel
  26. 26. Septuagint or LXX Is it possible for seventy-two Hebrew scholars to mistranslate one word, ‘almâh in Isaiah 7:14?
  27. 27. Septuagint or LXX Is it possible for seventy-two Hebrew scholars to mistranslate one word, ‘almâh in Isaiah 7:14? And predict the virgin birth of Jesus 735 years before it happens?
  28. 28. Matthew’s The Sign of Immanu-el Matt 1:20-23
  29. 29. Matthew 1:20-23 20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.”
  30. 30. Matthew 1:20-23 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23 “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” —which means, “God with us.”
  31. 31. The virgin birth The sinless nature of Jesus Saviour Immanu-el Inspiration of St Matthew by Caraggiovo
  32. 32. Matthew’s The Sign of Immanu-el Matt 1:20-23 = God with us + God saves
  33. 33. Our The Sign of Immanu-el Isaiah 7:14 Matt 1:20-23
  34. 34. Our Sign of Immanu-el God is in control
  35. 35. Our Sign of Immanu-el God is in control God saves
  36. 36. Our Sign of Immanu-el God is in control God saves God with us
  37. 37. Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. Isaiah 7:14 (NIV) Prophet Isaiah in prayer
  38. 38. Transcript of this sermon is available at www.kairos2.com/sign_of_immanuel.htm

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