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Evidences to the existence of god


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Shortly after the discovery of the Big Bang, further studies have been done on the creation of the universe which resulted in amazing facts about the first moments of the creation of the universe.

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Evidences to the existence of god

  1. 1. Islam and the Mind Islam is the sole religion that calls mind to ponders the universe. There are more than one thousand verses that calls the human mind to ponder the creation of the universe. It is really a religion that can be hailed the religion of science. The Holy Quran calls the human mind to ponder miraculous creation of the universe as a manifest evidence to the existence of God.
  2. 2. God says in the Holy Quran what means:We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness? (41:53)
  3. 3. • This great verse tells us that Allah(God) will let mankind know many secrets about the universe that will lead them to the fact that there is a Creator for this universe.• This prophecy has come true when man started to think about the minute details of the creation of the universe.
  4. 4. In the following slides, we will mention someof the scientific findings as regard the creationof the universe.The slightest change in the amount ofchemical elements in the first seconds of thecreation of the universe means the collapse ofthe universe in the very beginning of itscreation.
  5. 5. Strong nuclear force coupling constantIf larger: No hydrogen; nuclei essential for life areunstableIf smaller: No elements other than hydrogen
  6. 6. Weak nuclear force coupling constantIf larger: All hydrogen is converted tohelium in the big bang, hence too muchheavy elementsIf smaller: No helium produced from bigbang, hence not enough heavy elementsIf smaller: No chemical bonding
  7. 7. Weak nuclear force coupling constantIf larger: All hydrogen is convertedto helium in the big bang, hence toomuch heavy elementsIf smaller: No helium produced frombig bang, hence not enough heavyelements
  8. 8. Ratio of protons to electrons formationIf larger: Electromagnetism dominates gravitypreventing galaxy, star, and planet formationIf smaller: Electromagnetism dominatesgravity preventing galaxy, star, and planetformation
  9. 9. Ratio of electron to proton massIf larger: No chemical bondingIf smaller: No chemical bonding
  10. 10. Expansion rate of the universeIf larger: No galaxy formationIf smaller: Universe collapsesprior to star formation
  11. 11. Mass density of the universeIf larger: Too much deuterium from bigbang, hence stars burn too rapidlyIf smaller: No helium from big bang, hencenot enough heavy elements
  12. 12. Age of the universeIf older: No solar-type stars in a stableburning phase in the right part of thegalaxyIf younger: Solar-type stars in astable burning phase would not yethave formed
  13. 13. Average distance between starsIf larger: Heavy element densitytoo thin for rocky planet productionIf smaller: Planetary orbits becomedestabilized
  14. 14. Solar luminosityIf increases too soon: Runawaygreen house effectIf increases too late: Frozenoceans
  15. 15. Fine structure constantIf larger: No stars more than 0.7solar massesIf smaller: No stars less than 1.8solar masses
  16. 16. Galaxy typeIf too elliptical: Star formationceases before sufficient heavyelement buildup for lifechemistryIf too irregular: Radiationexposure on occasion is toosevere and/or heavy elementsfor life chemistry are notavailable
  17. 17. Number of stars in the planetary systemIf more than one: Tidal interactions woulddisrupt planetary orbitsIf less than one: Heat produced wouldbe insufficient for life
  18. 18. Parent star birth dateIf more recent: Star would not yet havereached stable burning phaseIf less recent: Stellar system would not yetcontain enough heavy elements
  19. 19. Parent star massIf greater: Luminosity would change too fast; star would burntoo rapidlyIf less: Range of distances appropriate for life would be toonarrow; tidal forces would disrupt the rotational period fora planet of the right distance; uvradiation would be inadequate for plants tomake sugars and oxygenIf less: Surface temperature differenceswould be too great
  20. 20. Rotation periodIf longer: Diurnal temperaturedifferences would be too greatIf shorter: Atmosphericwind velocities wouldbe too great
  21. 21. Gravitational interaction with a moonIf greater: Tidal effects onthe oceans, atmosphere,and rotational period would be toosevereIf less:Orbital obliquity changeswould cause climatic instabilities
  22. 22. Magnetic fieldIf stronger: Electromagnetic storms would be too severeIf weaker: Inadequate protection from hard stellarradiation
  23. 23. Oxygen to nitrogen ratio in atmosphere If larger functions would proceed too quickly If smaller: Advanced life functions would proceed too slowly
  24. 24. Oxygen quantity in atmosphereIf greater: Plants andhydrocarbons would burnup too easilyIf less: Advanced animalswould have too little tobreathe