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Desktop Virtualisation

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                       Desktop
                    Virtualisation
                                               Ada...

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                                    In The Beginning...
   •    Computers were:
          •    Very Expensive
      ...

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                                               Time Passes...
   •    By the 1960s computers are:
          •    Sti...

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Desktop Virtualisation

  1. 1. 1 Desktop Virtualisation Adam John Trickett www.iredale.net adam.trickett@iredale.net PGP Key: 0xAF0DB8C8 Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  2. 2. 2 In The Beginning... • Computers were: • Very Expensive • Very Rare • Very slow • Ran one thing at a time • Ran for only one user Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  3. 3. 3 Time Passes... • By the 1960s computers are: • Still expensive • Getting more common • Getting faster • Required to do more than one things at one Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  4. 4. 4 Multics • Started in 1964 • MIT, GE & Bell Labs • Multi-user, multi-tasking system • Gave rise to Unix and hence Linux • Last Multics system decommissioned 30/10/2000 Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  5. 5. 5 Virtual Machines • Pioneered by IBM in the 1960s • 1966 IBM CP-40 & CP-67 • 1972 IBM System/370 & VM370 Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  6. 6. 6 Virtual V Multitasking • Run lots of programs • Run lots of programs at the same time at the same time • Lots of users at the • Lots of users at the same time same time • Can run on their own • All running on the kernel same kernel Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  7. 7. 7 Time Passes... • Computers get faster and cheaper • IBM VM systems get smarter • IBM VM systems run multitasking software • Unix systems get smarter • Unix systems run using hardware assisted VM • IBM release the “PC” using the Intel 8086 Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  8. 8. 8 PCs • Primitive processor • Limited memory • Primitive single user operating system: • No multi-tasking • No VM • Reboot becomes a way of life • Cheap Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  9. 9. 9 Time Passes... • Processors get a lot faster • Memory gets cheap and fast • Operating systems grow up, Windows NT and Linux • Multi-user • Pre-emptive multi-tasking • BSOD for some users...! Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  10. 10. 10 Machine Emulators • Desktop computers are fast enough to fully emulate the complete hardware of an older slower system, e.g. • VersatIle Commodore Emulator • DOSbox • MESS Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  11. 11. 11 QEMU • Can emulate several processors • Can emulate several hardware platforms • Contains framework to run a virtual system on a regular PC • Sub-component used by other emulators Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  12. 12. 12 Qemu Components • CPU emulators • Firmware • VGA graphics emulator • IDE subsystem & virtual disks • Network subsystem • PS/2 mouse and keyboard • Sound etc Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  13. 13. 13 CLI Invocation • Create a virtual file system: qemu create -f qcow2 vdisk.qcow2 10G • Start a Qemu session: qemu-system-x86_64 -boot c -hda vdisk.qcow2 -cdrom cd.iso -soundhw all -m 256 -localtime -k en-gb -net nic -net user Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  14. 14. 14 Kqemu / “Qemu Accelerator” • Kernel module • Guest usermode code runs directly on host CPU • Does not require special CPU • Only x86 or AMD64 • Same scripts as Qemu • Some old or odd OS wont run under kqemu Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  15. 15. 15 KVM QEMU • Kernel module – in mainline kernel • KVM an alternative to kqemu • Can be used just like Kqemu/Qemu • Requires CPU x86/AMD64 with virtualisation features Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  16. 16. 16 VirtualBox • Three Licences: • Open source • Proprietary personal • Proprietary commercial • Uses some parts of Qemu • Built in Qt based GUI and CLI • Guest OS drivers • Can use hardware virtualisation if available Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  17. 17. 17 Comparison • Qemu/KQemu/KVM • VirtualBox • CLI no native GUI • GUI or CLI • Can use CPU • Can use CPU virtualisation virtualisation • Guest graphics • Good guest graphics performance poor performance • Support for older • Older OS hardware hardware problems Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  18. 18. 18 Conclusion • Use VirtualBox, unless: • Host not x86/AMD64 CPU • Guest not x86/AMD64 CPU • Old guest e.g. Windows 95 • Don't need a GUI Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  19. 19. 19 Demo Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  20. 20. 20 Resources • http://www.iredale.net/p/by-type/talk/ • http://www.hants.lug.org.uk/ • http://www.slideshare.net/ Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.
  21. 21. 21 Thank You Any Questions? Version 1.0.0 © Adam Trickett, February-2010 Distributed under a creative commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence.

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