Research formats


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Research formats

  2. 2. CITATION• quoting or paraphrasing of the ideas coming from someone else• also known as parenthetical citation
  4. 4. 1. Bibliography2. Appendix • Letters • Questionnaire • Permits • Curriculum Vitae
  6. 6. What is a bibliography?• A list of books, articles and journals of specific authors, usually referred to in a scholarly work
  7. 7. What should be included in a bibliography?• It should include all materials used and reviewed by the researcher arranged according to type, e.g. books, periodicals, unpublished materials, etc.
  8. 8. MLA vsAPA
  9. 9. MLA• stands for Modern Language Association• a style to aid in the formation of papers• provide guidelines for the mechanics of writing, including aspects of punctuation, quotation, and the documentation of sources
  10. 10. APA• stands for American Psychological Association• a style to aid in the formation of papers• provide guidelines for the mechanics of writing, including aspects of punctuation, quotation, and the documentation of sources
  11. 11. SIMILARITIES:• All of the margins with both styles are 1".• Both have their own unique features.
  12. 12. CITING REFERENCES (TEXT) MLA APA• Includes the authors • Includes the authors last name and page last name, the date number of the of publication, and reference the page number of the reference
  13. 13. CITING REFERENCES(www) MLA APA• Authors Last Name • Authors Last Name Authors First Name Authors Initial(s) Title of Document Date of Document Title of Complete Work Title of Document Title of Complete Work Version or File Number Version or File Number Document date or date Edition or Revision of last revision Number Protocol and address Protocol and address Access path or Access path or directories directories
  14. 14. CITING REFERENCES (QUOTATION) MLA APA• Short quotations, fewer • Short quotations, fewer than 4 complete lines, than 40 words, are in the text enclosed by quotation are in the text enclosed marks. by quotation marks. • Long quotations of 40 or• Longer quotes are more words are displayed double indented, single in a double-spaced block spaced, and only use of typewritten lines with no quotation marks. quotation marks used by • It is indented five spaces the author from the left margin.
  15. 15. FIRST PAGE FORMAT MLA APA• Last Name and Page • Title Number Students Full Name Students Full Name Institutional Professors Name Affiliation Department and (If there is no Course Number institution, the city The date that the and state or the city paper is given to the and country of the professor author should be used.)
  16. 16. MLA FIRST PAGE Cruz,1Juan Dela CruzProf. Draizelle C. SexonBSBA 2nd year – 11-0012September 29, 2011 (title)
  17. 17. APA FIRST PAGE (TITLE) Juan Dela Cruz BSBA 2nd yearPasig Catholic College
  19. 19. QUOTATION MARKS MLA APA• prefers the writer, • in long quotations of with longer quotes, 40 or more words, is longer than 4 lines, to to be displayed in a have lines that are double-spaced block double indented, of typewritten lines single spaces, and with no quotation only use quotation marks marks used by the • It is indented five author spaces from the left margin.
  20. 20. MAIN PARTS FOR CITATION OF BOOKS: • Author • Title • Facts of publication
  21. 21. A book By a Single Author or Agency• Author’s last name comes before the given name or initial to facilitate alphabetizing• Use the name exactly as it appears on the title page of the source’s name.• If the book is the work of an agency instead of an individual, the name of the agency takes the place of the author’s name.• The title and the subtitle of the book are underlined.
  22. 22. A book By a Single Author or Agency• The place of publication, the publisher, and the date of publication are in that order.• A colon separates the place of publication from the name of the publishing company and a comma separates the publisher’s name from the date.• If the place of publication might be unfamiliar or unclear to your readers, add an abbreviation identifying the appropriate state or country.
  23. 23. A book By a Single Author or Agency• Shorten the publisher’s name as long as the shortened form is easily identifiable.• When you cannot locate one or more pieces of information concerning the facts of publication, use these abbreviations in the appropriate positions: – No place: n.p. – No publisher: n.p. – No date: n.d.
  24. 24. Tuchman, Barbara W. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc. 1980.
  25. 25. APPENDIX
  26. 26. What is an appendix?•An appendix includes supplementary information that helps to make a project clear.
  27. 27. General Information about an Appendix• A thesis or feasibility study appendix should be placed after the section called Bibliography or References;• If you are going to include an appendix, do not forget to mention it in the Table of Contents;• Every appendix should start on a new page and should be numbered 1,2,3 or A,B,C.
  28. 28. What should be included in an appendix?1. Letters and other forms of communication2. Instruments used3. Sample computations4. Additional tables and figures5. Curriculum Vitae
  29. 29. What is a Curriculum Vitae?• A curriculum vitae (CV) provides a summary of one’s experience and skills. Typically longer than resumes (at least two or three pages), CVs are used almost exclusively in countries outside of the United States.
  30. 30. • EMPLOYMENT HISTORYCONTACT INFORMATION • List in chronological order,• Name include position details and dates• Address • Work History• Telephone • Academic Positions• Cell Phone • Research and Training• Email • EDUCATION• PERSONAL INFORMATION • Include dates, majors, and details• Date of Birth of degrees, training and• Place of Birth certification• Citizenship • High School• Sex • University• Optional Personal Information: • Certifications and Accreditations• Marital Status • Computer Skills• Spouses Name• Children • AWARDS • PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS
  31. 31. REFERENCES:• Dewey, Russ. A Publication Manual Crib Sheet." 1996.• (10 Oct, 2000).• Jones, Tod E. "MLA Style and Documentation. 2000.• Ornos, Petra S. et al. “Communication Skills in the Discipline.”2004.• um-vitae-definition.htm