Speaking is characterizedby variations in speed.
RATE OF SPEECH• Depends on the thought you are expressing• A reflection on the speaker’s mood• May vary from time to time and from passage to passage
VARIATIONS IN SPEED • Projects characteristics such as calmness, SLOW acceptance of others, and formality • Projects an image of dullness, listlessness,TOO SLOW apathy, laziness, and sometimes lack of intelligence • Projects animation, enthusiasm, excitement FAST and informality • Suggests nervousness, tension, anxiety, orTOO FAST a flighty personality
TWO FACTORS INFLUENCING DIFFERENCES OF RATEQUANTITY PAUSE
Quantity in Speech Rate• This is the length of time that is spent in the actual utterance of vowel sounds within words and the duration varies according to the mood and sentiment being expressed.
• If you are happy, joyful, excited or in a hurry, you will probably speak faster than is usual, pronouncing the vowel tones in shorter duration because of the gaiety of the mood.
• If you are sad, heavy of heart, deeply serious or in a reflective mood, your speech tends to be slow, taking more time in prolonging the vowels within the words.
Effects of Using the Wrong Rate of Speech Listeners get strained Listeners get bored too much and get tired too easily listening to listening to a very fast a very slow pace. speaker.
PAUSE• The length of time spent in silence between words and particularly between phrases• May range from a slight hesitation to a longer pause or silence• May be made not only between words and phrases but also during vocalization
Gives listeners time to assimilate Increase the the word impact of feeling particularly for projected dramatic effectsBuild up suspense Breaks the and emphasize continuity of the word or thought making sentence that follows Uses the listeners bored of Pauses