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  1. 1. CHINA
  2. 2. Flag of China
  3. 3. Map of China
  4. 4. <ul><li>Located in East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Third largest country in the world in terms of area and total population </li></ul><ul><li>Borders: Yellow, East China and South China Seas </li></ul><ul><li>Coastline is about 12,000 km (7,500 mi) long </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Official name: People’s Republic of China (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) </li></ul><ul><li>Republic was established in 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>The name CHINA is probably derived from the Qin (Ch’in) dynasty (221-206 BC) which first unified the nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese used the name Zhonggua (Chung-kuo) which means Middle Country with their belief that China is in the Middle of the world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>China is divided into 23 provinces (including Taiwan) and 5 autonomous regions. </li></ul><ul><li>China’s written history began during the Shang dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1921, the long Civil war between the ruling nationalists or Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kaishek, and the Communists, led by Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-Tung) began. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Northwestern region Southwestern region Central region Eastern region Northern region Northeastern region Administrative regions
  10. 10. <ul><li>The  Great Wall of China  is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups. </li></ul><ul><li>The only figure on earth which is visible even on the moon. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Chinese Dragon
  12. 12. <ul><li>Chinese dragons  are legendary creatures in Chinese mythology and folklore. In Chinese art, dragons are typically portrayed as long, scaled, serpentine creatures with four legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck. With this, the Emperor of China usually use the dragon as a symbol of his imperial power. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chinese Tea
  14. 14. <ul><li>People throughout China drink tea daily. Because of the geographic location and climate, different places grow various kinds of tea. </li></ul><ul><li>Five classes of tea: </li></ul><ul><li>Green tea - Longjin </li></ul><ul><li>Wulong </li></ul><ul><li>Scented tea - Jasmine tea </li></ul><ul><li>Black tea </li></ul><ul><li>compressed tea. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Buddha and Buddhism
  16. 16. Buddhism: <ul><li>It is widely believed that Buddhism was introduced to China during the Han period (206 BC-220 AD). </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism, just like Confucianism and Taoism, guides people to behave, to be honest and responsible. It promotes harmony and peaceful mind, sharing and compassion. Buddhists never force people into their belief. Buddhism emphasizes in &quot;awakening of mind&quot;. Through learning, one will develop intellectual capacity to the fullest so as to understand, to love and be kind to other beings. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism does not believe in God. It believes in People. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chinese Temple
  18. 18. <ul><li>Chinese temples are usually red in color, although gold ones exist as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The architecture is traditionally Chinese in style, and they are decorated extensively with sculptures and sometimes traditional Chinese paintings.  </li></ul><ul><li>Worship in Chinese temples usually consists of making offerings to the various gods, spirits and ancestors. The main act of worship is lighting incense or joss sticks. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Chinese Martial Arts
  20. 20. <ul><li>Kung fu  or  gongfu  or  gung fu is a Chinese term often used in the West to refer to  Chinese martial arts . </li></ul><ul><li>In its original meaning,  kung fu  can refer to any skill. Gōngfu is a compound of two words, combining  (gōng) meaning &quot;achievement&quot; or &quot;merit&quot;, and  (fū) which translates into &quot;man&quot;, so that a literal rendering would be &quot;human achievement&quot;. Its connotation is that of an accomplishment arrived at by great effort. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chinese Art
  22. 22. <ul><li>Chinese arts are influenced by three major religions: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Another major influence was nature. The three major kinds of subject they liked to paint were birds, flowers, and landscapes from the countryside. All the religions stress love for nature. All landscape painters tried to get a feeling of the human spirit and the strength of the wind, water, mist and mountains. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Chinese Food
  24. 24. Chinese Zodiac
  25. 25. <ul><li>The  Shēngxiào   better known in English as the  Chinese Zodiac , is a scheme that relates each year to an animal and its reputed attributes, according to a 12-year cycle. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Chinese National Costume
  27. 27. <ul><li>Traditional  Chinese clothing  is broadly referred to as  hanfu  with many variations such as traditional Chinese academic dress. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Chinese men wore Chinese black cotton shoes, but wealthy higher class people would wear tough black leather shoes for formal occasions. Very rich and wealthy men would wear very bright, beautiful silk shoes sometimes having leather on the inside. Women would wear bright, silk coated Lotus shoes under their bound feet. Male shoes were mostly less elaborate than women's. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Chinese Transportation
  29. 29. Mon- Khmer Ural- Altaic Sino- Tibetan Indo- European Major Linguistic Families
  30. 30. Major Religions <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul>
  31. 31. Chinese Dynasties <ul><li>Xia Dynasty About 1994 BCE - 1766 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Shang Dynasty 1766 BCE - 1027 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Zhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCE plus suppliment </li></ul><ul><li>Qin Dynasty 221 BCE - 206 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Early Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Xin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Later Han Dynasty 25 AD - 220 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD - 280 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Sui Dynasty 589 AD - 618 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Tang Dynasty 618 AD - 907 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Sung Dynasty 969 AD - 1279 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Yuan Dyansty 1279 AD - 1368 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Ming Dynasty 1368 AD - 1644 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Manchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD - 1912 AD </li></ul>
  33. 33. CONFUCIUS 551-479 BC
  34. 34. <ul><li>First Sage of China </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Kung Fu-Tzu </li></ul><ul><li>Founded Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Known as the Great Teacher, statesman, philosopher, traditionalist, founder of Chinese literature </li></ul>
  35. 35. Books of Confucius <ul><li>Book of Changes (Yi King) </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Ceremonies (Li King) </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Historical Documents (Shu King) </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Poetry (Shi King) </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Spring and Autumn (Ch’un Ch’iu) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Six Principles Taught: <ul><li>Human nature is good and evil is essentially unnatural. </li></ul><ul><li>Man is free to conduct himself as he wills, and he is master of his choice. </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue is its own reward. </li></ul><ul><li>The rule for behavior is: what you do not want others to do to you, do not do to them. </li></ul><ul><li>A man has 5 duties: to his ruler; to his father; his wife; to his elder brother; and to his friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Man should strive to become a superior man. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Chinese Poets: <ul><li>Wang Wei (669-759) --- Chinese painter and poet; a figure of legendary stature; founder of the pure landscape style of painting; one of the masters of lyric verse in the T’ang dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Works: </li></ul><ul><li>The Cold Mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul><ul><li>Walking at Leisure </li></ul>
  38. 38. Chinese Poets: <ul><li>Li Po (701-62) --- Chinese poet; one of the greatest figures of Chinese literature; was born into the minor nobility in what is now known as Sichuan Province; drowned while drunkenly leaning from a boat to embrace the moon’s reflection on the water </li></ul><ul><li>Works: </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation in the Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>The Moon over the Mountain Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking Alone in the Moonlight </li></ul>
  39. 39. Chinese Poets: <ul><li>Tu Fu (710-70) --- Chinese poet; raised according to Confucian tradition; influenced by Taoist philosophy and by the poet Li Po; elements of satire and expressions of somber feeling about the suffering of human kind entered his verse </li></ul><ul><li>Works: </li></ul><ul><li>The Empty Purse </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Nights </li></ul>
  40. 40. Chinese Poets: <ul><li>Po Chu-i (772-864) --- Chinese poet and government official; one of the greatest writers of the T’ang Dynasty; much influenced by his predecessor Tu Fu; employed satire and humor in his work to protest against contemporary evils </li></ul><ul><li>Works: </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing Hsia Chan Off By River </li></ul><ul><li>To The Distant One </li></ul><ul><li>Looking in the Lake </li></ul>
  41. 41. LI PO
  42. 42. TU FU
  43. 43. WANG WEI
  44. 44. PO CHU-I
  45. 45. Thank You!