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Introduction                            Bicycle sharing systemsRelated systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)       ...
Introduction                                  Bicycle sharing systems      Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck spa...
Introduction                               Bicycle sharing systems   Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)T...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                Bicycle sharing systems    Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space.....
Introduction                                Bicycle sharing systems    Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space.....
Introduction                                Bicycle sharing systems    Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space.....
Introduction                                  Bicycle sharing systems      Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck spa...
Introduction                                  Bicycle sharing systems      Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck spa...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                Bicycle sharing systems    Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space.....
Introduction                               Bicycle sharing systems   Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)N...
Introduction                               Bicycle sharing systems   Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)A...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                                 Bicycle sharing systems     Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space...
Introduction                             Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Concl...
Introduction                            Bicycle sharing systemsRelated systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)       ...
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The concept of sharing - intelligent systems for ecologically sustainable transport - NSbike: Novi Sad, Bicikelj: Ljubljana, VeloV: Lyon

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The concept of sharing: intelligent systems for ecologically sustainable transport. Bike sharing - car sharing - truck space sharing. Velov, NSbike, ZipCar, Shiply. Europe, Serbia, ex Yugoslavia. Author: Dragisa Zunic, PhD.

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The concept of sharing - intelligent systems for ecologically sustainable transport - NSbike: Novi Sad, Bicikelj: Ljubljana, VeloV: Lyon

  1. 1. Introduction Bicycle sharing systemsRelated systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..) The concept of sharing - intelligent systems for ecologically sustainable transport - s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD FIMEK, Novi Sad, Serbia ´ Ecole Polytechnique F´d´rale de Lausanne, Switzerland e e EMUNI Regional Day, Novi Sad, October 20th, 2011. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 1 / 22
  2. 2. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Outline 1 Introduction 2 Bicycle sharing systems 3 Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..) includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 2 / 22
  3. 3. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)The concept of sharing The principle of collective individualism: Everyone is free to choose its own destination, route, time table. But he/she is using the collective means of transportation The keyword is sharing a service - as opposed to of owning goods The concept fits perfectly with the modern ideas of ecological sustainability, clean energy, etc. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 3 / 22
  4. 4. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)IntroductionBicycle Sharing System : Definiton Definition Bicycle sharing system: a number of public bicycles made available for shared use amongst citizens, as means of public transportation. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 4 / 22
  5. 5. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Bike SharingHistory The idea is about 50 years old in Europe First attempt: 1960, Amsterdam The idea had to wait for modern and § ¤ innovative technology ¦ ¥ includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 5 / 22
  6. 6. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Bike SharingThe case of Lyon, France Success (Lyon, France, 2005): First profound impact on public transportation was in Lyon, France § ¤ Velo’v ¥ v´lo (fr) + love (en) = ¦ = e ”love for bikes” Very recent: released only in 2005. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 6 / 22
  7. 7. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)The case of LyonProtecting the environment The effects: Bike traffic has increased by 80% within 2 years. Surprisingly public bikes represent only 25% of total bicycle traffic! - a kind of leverage effect. Use of cars inside of town has significantly decreased. More parking space, less pollution. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 7 / 22
  8. 8. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Bike sharing cities Europe: 2006, Brussels 2007, Paris and Barcelona.. 2008, Milan includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 8 / 22
  9. 9. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Milan (Italy), recently in the media includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 9 / 22
  10. 10. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Milan (Italy), recently in the media What could be the explanation Only 1400 bicycles - not enough to make profound change Lyon has 4000, Barcelona 6000, Paris 20 000 bikes Yet the population of Milan is 1.3 million and Lyon’s only 430 000 includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 10 / 22
  11. 11. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Success of a projectKey factors for successfull implementation: Barcelona and Lyon proximity of stations: includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 11 / 22
  12. 12. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Success of a projectKey factors for successfull implementation: To make a system which will be used excessively it is essential to ensure Low prices (first 30 minutes free) Density od stations (300m proximity of stations) Quality of equipment (safe, ergonomic, robust, simple to use) Easy access with bank debit cards Maintenance includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 12 / 22
  13. 13. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Success of a projectNecessary requirements Serious investment Innovative and credible technology, for creating and securing the system 24/7 Excellent management Strong political will, at the level of town French experience: the concept was given some credit in the start, and it became one of the most important European innovations of last years. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 13 / 22
  14. 14. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Bike sharing cities Future bike sharing cities, worldwide: New York Chicago Vancouver Seoul London.. Novi Sad? includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 14 / 22
  15. 15. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Novi Sad & Ljubljana NSBIKE BICIKE(LJ) July 2011. - 3 months ago May 2011. - 5 months ago 5 stations, 125 bicycles 30 stations, 300 bicycles pilot project includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 15 / 22
  16. 16. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)A step forward The case of Copenhagen1 : Bike Sharing System is more than just a transporting system. It deals not only with the problem of stocks and flows of people, but adds extra value to its user and to the city itself. Bike sharing system should be an integral part of the city itself. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl 1 by RAFFA Architecture and Design s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 16 / 22
  17. 17. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Car-sharingRelated concept no. 1 The idea.. share to minimize the costs of: parking, garage, registration maintenance Car sharing is an excellent way to share costs, cut stress, reduce pollution and prevent traffic congestion Various models of organization includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 17 / 22
  18. 18. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Sharing truck spaceRelated concept no. 2 25% European lorries run completely empty Provide a solution and make it a successful business www.shiply.com (since 2008.) includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 18 / 22
  19. 19. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Sharing truck spaceRelated concept no. 2 Ebay for transport companies (selling the truck-space) includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 19 / 22
  20. 20. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Sharing truck space: www.shiply.comTop 100 startup companies in UK, in 2010. (ranked no. 9) Profitable (7000 transport companies registered, 75 000 users. Monthly growth 10%) £   Ecology: this company’s model helped save ¢100 tons ¡on the emission of CO2.. includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 20 / 22
  21. 21. Introduction Bicycle sharing systems Related systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..)Conclusion: Successful business models built around the concept of sharing Towards ecological sustainability Information age: employ the advantages of technology development includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 21 / 22
  22. 22. Introduction Bicycle sharing systemsRelated systems (car-sharing, sharing truck space..) Thank you! Hvala na paˇnji! z includegraphics[height=0.5cm]fimekl s ˇ c Dragiˇa Zuni´, PhD The concept of sharing 22 / 22

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