Ayurvedic management of cancer dr chavan

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Ayurvedic management of cancer dr chavan

  1. 1. An Indigenous Management Of Cancer. Introduction- The term ‘CANCER’ derives from the latin word cancer and the Greek word Karkinus’both meaning crab. There is a worldwide increase in the incidence of cancer,9%of all deaths in the developing countries are attributed to various types of cancers and it is the second leading cause of death after cardio vascular disease.Whereas in the developing countries it is the fourth leading cause of mortality.The studies conducted in various parts of the country show high incidence of gastro-intestinal and respiratory systeem in males whereas cancer of cervix and breast in females. In Ayurvedic Classics, AcharyaShushruta has described similar observations and symptomatology but under different nomenculture like Arbuda ’Granthi’ AsadhyaVrana’Gluma etc.Whereas Acharya Vagbhata has not given any other definition than this.On the other hand has described it as Arbuda and Granthi are the same The aim of this research paper is therefore on one hand to identify and classify such diseases which are described in Ayurveda and may be considered as cancer.On the other hand efforts are also been needed to explore the use of certain Ayurvedic Concepts modalities of treatment and to find out drugs which could be effective and non-toxic to other normal cells of the body. Concept of managment- According to Ayurveda it can be classified as follows- A)Systemic B)Local A)Systemic manegment- i)Samshodhan Chikitsa ii)Shamana Chikitsa iii)Rasayana Chikitsa I)Samshodhana Chikitsa may be divided into three groups like i)medical ii)Paramedical iii)SurgicalII)Shaman Chikitsa- means to achieve the level of Dosha samyvastha(equilibrium).Alep(applying paste),Parishek(Shower of medicated decoction), Abyangam(Oil massage), Sweda(fomentation),Pachan(the therapy which digest uncooked foodstuff),Deepana(carminative)III)Rasayana Chikitsa(Rejuvenative)-Restoration and preservation of the strength of the body by acting at the level of Digestion and metabolism, increasing the nutritional quality of Rasa dhatu(Nutritive plasma) Ayurvedic poorva karma i.e Snehan (internal oleation) proven helpful especially in curing hazards like nausea,loss of apetite,weight loss,anaemia,discolouration of skin, falling of hairs, followed by high incidence of mortality e.g. Triphala ghrita is helpful in this regard before starting chemotherapy. (Ayurvedic management of cancer by Dr. B.L.Prasad 1986, IMS,BHU,Varanasi)
  2. 2. The use of Chandanbalalakshadi tail for external oleation (oil massage) andfor internal oleation Padamakadi Ghrita are proven to be helpful for the sideeffects of Radiation(Dr.Kulkarni at al,Ahwasana-II by B.S.D.T’s Cancer Researchcentre,Wagholi). Thus poorva karma are heipful not only prolonging the span of life of cancerpatients rather at the same time it is more effective in minimizing various hazards ofanticancer treatment modalities by stimulating the self defence mechanism.theRasayana drug(Rejuvenative) which may helpful 1.Amrita Bhallataka 2.Brahma Rasayana Powder Form-Narsingh Choorna Herbo-minearl preparation- 1.Shiva Gutika 2. Vasantakusumakara RasaAgni Karma-(Thermotherapy) Use of Agnikarma has been greatly emphasized as an ideal method oftreatment of Arbuda,Gulma,Speenomegaly,Hepatomegaly.In macromethod,metallic or non metallic substances are heated upto fixed temperature andapplied over the disease or skin in different figures and shapes. Arbuda which do not respond to medical treatment the parasurgicaltechnology is recommended.Agni karma and Kshar Karma are advisedfollowingsurgery for complete eradication of doshaBlood letting-is also advised in some types of Arbudai.e.Medija ArbudaSurgical treatment-Granthi and Arbuda if do not resolve by proper medicaltreatment should be subjected to surgical exicision.In exicision of Arbuda, Acharya Sushruta has described that metallic tourniquet should be applied aroundtha base of Arbuda and followed by exicision ,Agni Karma and Kshar Karmaaccording to the depth of the root.Classical medicament by C.C.R.A.S.1986 Ayurvedic management of cancerSanskrit name Lattin name Parts usedYashtimadhu Glycerazhia glabra rootsGuduchi Tinospora cordifolia stemBhallataka Semicarpus anacardium Semicarp,seedsRohitaka Amoora Rohitaka barkSingle herb by Lalites and Mohan Kumar(1980)Sitaphala Annora squmosa Ripe fruitKanchar Bauhinia variegata BarkChakramarda Cassia tora seedsLajjalu Mimosa pudia Whole plantKarveera Nerium indicum rootKustha Sassurea lappa rootHaritaki Terminalia chebula fruitSadpushpi Vinca rosea leavesArishta Xanthium strumarium root
  3. 3. Chemical agents (Ras Bhasma) commonly used in cancer by Lalites and Mohan Kumar 1980Name of the Constituents CommentspreparationArbudahara Rasa Mercury and sulphur macerated Mentioned in all with the decoction of of betal types of cancer leaves,Cow;s urineLoknatha Rasa Mercury,sulphur,mica,Aloe,iron Mentioned in oxide, ground with Solanum nigrum Liver,Spleen.GIT types of cancerSuvarna Gold dust Used in lymph node enlargementTamra Bhasma Colloidal powder Mentioned in all types of cancerAbharaka Bhasma Mica Mentioned in all types of cancerManashila Arsenic sulphide External application of tumourEtiopathogenesis of cancer As per the concept of present study the diseases can be collaborated under three categories as mentioned earlier namely as 1. Resembles clear malignancy 2. Diseases may be considered as malignant 3. Disease where possibility of malignancy can be ruled outThe concept of classification the involvement of doshic factor is also answerablewther cancer Vatic,Paittic,Shleshmic,Tridoshaja. As the high mitotic activity andpain are suggestive of Vatic predominance property,voluminous growth factor issuggestive of shleshmic property whilst enzymatic interaction indicates Paitticproperty. While going through the literature it has been observed that great emphasisbeen given towards the rolr of Ahar and Vihar as one of the etiological factors forvarious disease.Even in modern era,importance of dietary habits and environmentalfactors are given one one the main etiological factors for precipitation of ofcancer.These are some examples of epidemiological survey conducted by somescientists. 1. There are certain types of diets which modify intenstinal flora by the presence large numbers of anerobic bacteria producing carcinogen by dehydrogenating bile salts (Ariss et al,1969) 2. The eating of smoked fish and rice play an important role in the development of carcinoma of stomach(Haeszel et al 1972) 3. low residual diet and high protein diet are considered to be primary cause of large bowel carcinoma. similarly cigarette smoking may lead to carcinoma of bronchus.(Basu et al 1976)
  4. 4. 4. The increasing use of pesticides and organize urea leads to precipitation of cancer.(Chinese report) 5. Contaminated drinking water by industrial worker also greater risks of hepatic carcinoma(Jolly,1973) 6. Use of betel leaves with lime,tobacco or excessive use of Khaini or Bidi precipitates oral cancer (R Doll1977)Acharaya Sushruta has given emphasis on the pathogenesis of the disease under the different nomenclature of SHATAKRIYAKALA. Viz. six different stages of etiopathogenesisPathological stage Etiopathogenesis of DoshasSanchaya The process of carcinogenesis start nearly 10-15 ys earlier.Predominantly Kapha prakriti showing genetic alteration.Carcinogen start stimulating the cells at gene level.Prakopa Carcinogen interacts with the cell and start vitiating particular dosha in the body.Prasara Leads to mutagenic changes and releases its vitiated chemical and enzymatic factors in the body systemSthasamshraya Promoting agents acts on such dormant cells and alter them at particular site resulting into development od cancerVyakti Obstruction or vition of dosha at particular site due to particular cell receptorBheda Affects the particular Dhatu

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