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Female Reproductive System

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Notes for Female Reproductive System for MT

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Female Reproductive System

  1. 1. Organs of the female reproductive system • External genitalia Vulva & clitoris • Internal genitalia Uterus Ovaries Cervix vagina
  2. 2. Ovarian ligament; Suspensory ligament Anatomy of uterus/fallopian tube/ovary/cervix/vagina Broad ligament Round ligament Mesovarium Function: Ova prouction Hormone: Progesterone Estrogens Relaxin • Fallopian tube:(2) Fimbriae Infundibulum Ampulla Isthmus • Uterus lie in anteflexion Fundus Body has uterine cavity Cervix has cervical canal Isthmus Internal & external os Pouch:vesicouterine/rectouterine Layers:endometrium,myometrium, perimetrium
  3. 3. Anatomy of breast • athelia;absence of nipple • Polythelia: many nipples • Gynaecomastia: development of breast in males
  4. 4. • AB:absorption • AFP: Alfa feto protein Female Reproductive system • C-section: caesarean section • CIS: carcinoma in situ Ova production • Cx: cervix • D& C: Dilatation & Curettage Growth of embryo • DUB: dysfunctional uterine bleeding • ECC: endocervical curettage •Hormones • EDC: estimated date of confinement • EMB: endometrial biopsy Estrogen:development of • FSH:follicle stimulating hormone FRS,secondary sex character • G: gravida • Gyn; gynecology(diseases) & breast • HCG: Human Chronic Gonadrotropin • HSG:hysterosalphingography Progesterone:endometrium • IVD/IVP:intrauterine device/pregnancy maturation & mammary gland • LH: luetinising hormone • LMP:last menstrual period Relaxin:parturation • Multip:multipara • OB:obstretics(pregnancy & delivery) Pitutary :FSH & LH • OCP: oral contraceptive pills • Pap smear: papanicolaou smear •Life cycle of female • Path: pathology • Peds: pediatrics Prepuberty • PID: pelvic inflammatory disease • PMS: premenstrual syndrome Puberty • Primip:primipara • TAH-BSP: total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral Fertilization period salphingo oophorectomy • UC: uterine contractions Menopause
  5. 5. Menstrual cycle
  6. 6. • Pregnancy Presentation:fetal part occupies the lower part of uterus • Types Cephalic Shoulder Breech Popalic • Lie of the fetus:Relation of long axis of fetal spine to maternal spine Oblique Transverse • Position: Relation of denominator to different quadrants of pelvis LOA:left occipital anterior LOP LOT ROA ROP ROT
  7. 7. Terms related to gynecology • Adrenarche:beginning of hormonal activity leading to puberty • Amenorrhea:stoppage or absence of menstrual cycle • Aminocentisis: removal of aminiotic fluid for sex determination • Braxton Hick’s sign:irregular contraction of uterus after first trimester of pregnancy • Breech presentation:fetal position of baby in utero with feet or buttock appears first • Cervical; pertaining to cervix • Colposcopy: ex. Of vagina & cervix with lighted instrument • Condyloma: warty growth in genital area • Dysmenorrhea: painful menstruation • oligomenorrhea: irregular menstruation period • Menorrhagia: prolonged menstrual bleed • Dysparaneuria:painful sexual intercourse • Ectopic pregnancy: outside the normal site, i.e in pelvis or uterine tube • Menometrorrhagia: excessive uterine bleeding in MC & inbetween • Perineum:area between vagina & anus • Emesis: throwing up • Fetal distress: fetus in jeopardy • Oophorectomy: removal of ovaries • Salphingectomy:removal of fallopian tubes • Psuedocyesis: no pregnancy, but symptoms of pregnancy are present
  8. 8. • Primigravida:first pregnancy of women • Primipara: one child women • Nullipara:women who is never pregnant • Multipara: women delivering multiple child • Multigravida:more than two fetus in uterus • Menarche:first menses • Leukorrhea: per vaginal white discharge • Insitu: in position • Inversion:reversal of position as upside down or inside out • Introitus: opening or entrance into a canal or cavity such as vagina • Hypomenoria: decrease menses • Hystrectomy: removal of uterus • Tocia: labor birth • Retroflexion: uterus bend to posterior side • Infertility:women has problem to conceive • Imperforate hymen:covering over the cervix os • LMP: last menstrual period • EDD: expected date of delivery
  9. 9. Pathological disease of uterus/ovaries/fallopian tube/breast/pregnancy • Cervicitis • Endometrosis • Fibroids • Cervical carcinoma • Endometrial ca • Ovarian cyst • Ovarian ca. • PID • Fibrocystic diseases • Congenital conditions • Ca. of breast • Abruptio placentae • Choriocarcinoma • Ectopic pregnancy • Placenta previa • preeclampsia
  10. 10. Clinical test & procedure uterus/gynecology/pregnancy • Pap smear • Pregnancy test • Hysterosalphingography • Mamography • USG Pelvic • Aspiration • cauterization • Coloscopy • Hysteroscopy • Cyldocentesis • Dilatation & curretage • Conization • Tubectomy • Abortion • Aminocentesis • Cesarean section • pelvimetry
  11. 11. • Ethinyl estradiol Drugs • Estradiol • Estrogen • Levanogestrol • Medroxyprogesterno acetate • norethanadrone

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