Careers in weather, climate and atmospheric science

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Head in the clouds: careers in weather, climate and atmospheric science

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Careers in weather, climate and atmospheric science

  1. 1. Head in the clouds: Careers in Weather, Climate and Atmospheric Science Andy Russell [email_address] @dr_andy_russell
  2. 2. The BIG challenges in Weather and Climate <ul><li>How good can weather forecasts be? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we make accurate seasonal forecasts? </li></ul><ul><li>How best can extra computing power be used? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we predict flash floods? </li></ul><ul><li>How are people best warned about extreme weather? </li></ul><ul><li>How will our climate change? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will this affect negatively? </li></ul><ul><li>How much will sea levels rise? </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen to the major ice sheets? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we safely engineer the climate? </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Suppose you went to your careers advisor in Year 10, what would you have wanted them to tell you?”
  4. 4. <ul><li>Science “A” levels </li></ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul><ul><li>Entry requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs beyond broadcast meteorologist… </li></ul>Useful advice
  5. 6. <ul><li>Science “A” levels </li></ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul><ul><li>Entry requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs beyond broadcast meteorologist… </li></ul>Useful advice
  6. 7. <ul><li>Science “A” levels </li></ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul><ul><li>Entry requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs beyond broadcast meteorologist… </li></ul>Useful advice
  7. 8. Reading: BSc Meteorology and Climate 300 points overall including at least BB in physics and mathematics (both A2 levels) and 100 points from another A2 level or other AS levels Leeds: MEnv, BSc Meteorology and Climate Science (International) Normally three A-Levels, or 2 A-levels and 2 AS-levels, at grades AAA (or equivalent), including Mathematics and Physics or Chemistry but excluding General Studies UEA: BSc Meteorology and Oceanography ABB-BBB (including Maths)
  8. 9. Reading: BSc Meteorology and Climate 300 points overall including at least BB in physics and mathematics (both A2 levels) and 100 points from another A2 level or other AS levels Leeds: MEnv, BSc Meteorology and Climate Science (International) Normally three A-Levels, or 2 A-levels and 2 AS-levels, at grades AAA (or equivalent), including Mathematics and Physics or Chemistry but excluding General Studies UEA: BSc Meteorology and Oceanography ABB-BBB ( including Maths )
  9. 11. <ul><li>Science “A” levels </li></ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul><ul><li>Entry requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs beyond broadcast meteorologist… </li></ul>Useful advice
  10. 12. What actual jobs are there?
  11. 13. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Hydrology
  12. 14. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Hydrology Pure and applied research
  13. 15. 200 research scientists
  14. 16. Academic career
  15. 17. PhD students Postdocs Lecturers Senior Lecturers Professors PVCs etc. Academic Roles
  16. 18. PhD students (~55,000) Postdocs (~38,000) Lecturers (~52,000) Senior Lecturers (~37,000) Profs (~18,000) Academic Roles Total UK Academic Staff: ~180,000 Other grades?: ~30,000 Figures from HESA 33% 4.5% 33% ~33% ~33% 12% 5.3%
  17. 19. Academic staff by salary range
  18. 20. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Hydrology Pure and applied research
  19. 21. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research
  20. 22. 1800 employees worldwide 160 employees worldwide
  21. 23. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research
  22. 24. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Computing: models and hardware
  23. 26. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Computing: models and hardware
  24. 27. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Computing: models and hardware
  25. 29. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Computing: models and hardware
  26. 30. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Computing: models and hardware
  27. 31. ~10 Pb of data!
  28. 32. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Computing: models and hardware
  29. 33. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Computing: models and hardware
  30. 34. UK floods in 2007 cost the economy £3.2bn
  31. 35. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Computing: models and hardware
  32. 36. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Computing: models and hardware
  33. 38. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Computing: models and hardware
  34. 39. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Computing: models and hardware
  35. 41. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Computing: models and hardware
  36. 42. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Computing: models and hardware
  37. 44. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Computing: models and hardware
  38. 45. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Computing: models and hardware
  39. 47. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Computing: models and hardware
  40. 48. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Government policy Computing: models and hardware
  41. 49. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Government policy Climate change mitigation & adaptation Computing: models and hardware
  42. 51. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Government policy Climate change mitigation & adaptation Computing: models and hardware
  43. 52. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Government policy Climate change mitigation & adaptation Communication: for and against Computing: models and hardware
  44. 54. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Hydrology Pure and applied research Observations: making and development Data management Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Flood forecasting Earth systems science Data collection and analysis Climate projections Government policy Climate change mitigation & adaptation Communication: for and against Computing: models and hardware
  45. 55. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Observations: making and development Earth systems science Communication: for and against Climate projections Climate change mitigation & adaptation Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Hydrology Flood forecasting Pure and applied research Data collection and analysis Government policy Data management Energy, health, travel, engineering, food Computing: models and hardware
  46. 57. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector) Observations: making and development Earth systems science Communication: for and against Climate projections Climate change mitigation & adaptation Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Hydrology Flood forecasting Pure and applied research Data collection and analysis Government policy Data management Energy, health, travel, engineering, food Computing: models and hardware
  47. 58. Meteorology (small spatial scales, short time scales) Climatology (large spatial scales, long time scales) Oceanography Observations: making and development Earth systems science Communication: for and against Climate projections Post graduate? School leaver? Post doctoral? Climate change mitigation & adaptation Insurance, re-insurance, derivatives market Hydrology Flood forecasting Pure and applied research Data collection and analysis Government policy Data management Energy, health, travel, engineering, food Computing: models and hardware Forecasting (MetOffice and private sector)
  48. 59. More info www.rmets.org
  49. 60. <ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>There’s much more to meteorology than weather forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Outside of schools, it is generally seen as a science rather than part of geography </li></ul><ul><li>Many, mostly small employers but skills are widely applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Big global problems = global workforce </li></ul>

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