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Is Iran fighting on the basis of Strait of Hormunz


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Is Iran fighting on the basis of Strait of Hormunz

  1. 1. Is Iran Fighting on the basis ofStrait of Hormunz ?
  2. 2. Strait of Hormuz• The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow, strategically important strait between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf. On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.• The strait at its narrowest is 54 kilometres wide. It is the only sea passage to the open ocean for large areas of the petroleum-exporting Persian Gulf and is one of the worlds most strategically important choke points.
  3. 3. Strait• A strait or straits is a narrow, typically navigable channel of water that connects two larger, navigable bodies of water. It most commonly refers to a channel of water that lies between two land masses, but it may also refer to a navigable channel through a body of water that is otherwise not navigable
  4. 4. Traffic on the route• On an average, about 14 tankers carrying 17 million barrels (2,700,000 m3) of crude oil passed out of the Persian Gulf through the Strait. This represents 35% of the worlds seaborne oil shipments, and 20% of oil traded worldwide.• More than 85 percent of these crude oil exports went to Asian markets, with Japan, India, South Korea, and China representing the largest destinations.
  5. 5. Defense Policy of Iran• On 29 June 2008, the commander of Irans Revolutionary Guard, Ali Mohammed Jafari, said that if Iran were attacked by Israel or the United States, it would seal off the Strait of Hormuz, to wreak havoc in oil markets.• This statement followed other more ambiguous threats from Irans oil minister and other government officials that a Western attack on Iran would result in turmoil in oil supply.• In response, Vice Admiral Kevin Cosgriff, commander of the U.S. 5th Fleet stationed in Bahrain across the Persian Gulf from Iran, warned that such an action by Iran would be considered an act of war, and that the U.S. would not allow Iran to effectively hold hostage nearly a third of the worlds oil supply.
  6. 6. Business Features
  7. 7. Iranian Oil Importers
  8. 8. %age of Iran’s Exports
  9. 9. Date wise Important Events
  10. 10. 27 December 2011• Iranian Vice President Mohammad-Reza Rahimi threatened to cut off oil supply from the Strait of Hormuz should economic sanctions limit, or cut off, Iranian oil exports.• A U.S. Fifth Fleet spokeswoman said in response that the Fleet was "always ready to counter malevolent actions", whilst Admiral Habibollah Sayari of the Iranian navy claimed that cutting off oil shipments would be "easy".
  11. 11. 3 January 2012• Iran threatened to take action if the U.S. Navy moves an aircraft carrier back into the Persian Gulf.• Iranian Army chief Ataollah Salehi said the United States had moved an aircraft carrier out of the Gulf because of Irans naval exercises, and Iran would take action if the ship returned.• His statement was "Iran will not repeat its warning...the enemys carrier has been moved to the Gulf of Oman because of our drill. I recommend and emphasize to the American carrier not to return to the Persian Gulf".
  12. 12. • The U.S. Navy spokesman Commander Bill Speaks quickly responded that deployment of U.S. military assets would continue as has been the custom stating: "The U.S. Navy operates under international maritime conventions to maintain a constant state of high vigilance in order to ensure the continued, safe flow of maritime traffic in waterways critical to global commerce."
  13. 13. • While earlier statements from Iran had little effect on global oil markets, coupled with the new sanctions, these concise comments from Iran are driving crude futures higher, up over 4%. Pressure on prices reflect a combination of uncertainty driven further by China’s recent response – reducing oil January 2012 purchases from Iran by 50% compared to those made in 2011.
  14. 14. • The U.S. led sanctions may be “beginning to bite” as Iranian currency has recently lost some 12% of its value. Further pressure on Iranian currency was added by French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe on Tuesday calling for "stricter sanctions" and urged EU countries to follow the US in freezing Iranian central bank assets and imposing an embargo on oil exports.
  15. 15. 7 January, 2012• The United Kingdom announced that it would be sending the Type 45 destroyer HMS Daring to the Persian Gulf. Daring, which is the lead ship of her class is claimed to be one of the "most advanced warships" in the world, and will undertake its first mission in the Persian Gulf.• The British Government however have said that this move has been long-planned, as Daring will replace another Armilla patrol frigate.
  16. 16. On 9 January 2012,• Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi denied that Iran had ever claimed that it would close the Strait of Hormuz, saying that "the Islamic Republic of Iran is the most important provider of security in the strait...if one threatens the security of the Persian Gulf, then all are threatened."
  17. 17. 16 January, 2012• The Iranian Foreign Ministry confirmed that it has received a letter from the United States concerning the Strait of Hormuz, “via three different channels.”• The US had previously announced its intention to warn Iran that closing the Strait of Hormuz is a “red line” that would provoke an American response. Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said this past weekend that the United States would “take action and reopen the strait,” which could be accomplished only by military means, including minesweepers, warship escorts and potentially airstrikes.
  18. 18. • By 23 January, a flotilla had been established by countries opposing Irans threats to close the Hormuz Strait. These ships operated in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea off the coast off Iran. The flotilla included two American aircraft carriers (the USS Carl Vinson and USS Abraham Lincoln), three destroyers (USS Momsen, USS Sterett, USS Halsey) and seven British warships including the destroyer Daring and a number of Type 23 frigates
  19. 19. 24 January, 2012• Tensions rose further after the European Union imposed sanctions on Iranian oil. A senior member of Irans parliament said that the Islamic Republic would close the entry point to the Gulf if new sanctions block its oil exports.• "If any disruption happens regarding the sale of Iranian oil, the Strait of Hormuz will definitely be closed," Mohammad Kossari, deputy head of parliaments foreign affairs and national security committee.
  20. 20. • Battle is still going on…….. Only on the basis of Strait of Hormunz