Controversy with salman rushdie


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Controversy with salman rushdie

  2. 2. • Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie; born 19 June 1947) is a British Indian novelist and essayist. His second novel, Midnights Children (1981), won the Booker Prize in 1981. Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent.
  3. 3. • Salman Rushdie is the author of nine previous novels: Grimus; Midnight’s Children (which was awarded the Booker Prize in 1981 and, in 1993, was judged to be the “Booker of Bookers,” the best novel to have won that prize in its first twenty-five years).• He is also the author of a book of stories, East, West, and three works of non-fiction – Imaginary Homelands, The Jaguar Smile, and Step Across This Line. He is the co-editor of Mirrorwork, an anthology of contemporary Indian writing, and of the 2008 Best American Short Stories anthology.
  4. 4. • His books have been translated into over forty languages.• A film of Midnight’s Children, directed by Deepa Mehta, will be released in 2012, as well as an autobiographical memoir.
  5. 5. CONTROVERSY WITH SALMAN RUSHDIE• His fourth novel, The Satanic Verses (1988), was the centre of a major controversy, drawing protests from Muslims in several countries. Some of the protests were violent, in which death threats were issued to Rushdie, including a fatwā against him by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, on February 14, 1989.
  6. 6. THE SATANIC VERSES AND THE FATWĀThe publication of The Satanic Verses in September 1988 causedimmediate controversy in the Islamic world because of what wasperceived as an irreverent depiction of the prophet Muhammad. Thetitle refers to a disputed Muslim tradition that is related in the book.According to this tradition, Muhammad (Mahound in the book)added verses (sura) to the Quran accepting three goddesses whoused to be worshipped in Mecca as divine beings. According to thelegend, Muhammad later revoked the verses, saying thedevil tempted him to utter these lines to appease the Meccans (hencethe "Satanic" verses). However, the narrator reveals to the reader thatthese disputed verses were actually from the mouth of the ArchangelGibreel. The book was banned in many countries with large Muslimcommunities.(12 total: India, Bangladesh, Sudan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Kenya,Thailand, Tanzania, Indonesia, Singapore, Venezuela and Pakistan).
  7. 7. • On 14 February 1989, a fatwā requiring Rushdies execution was proclaimed on Radio Tehran by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the spiritual leader of Iran at the time, calling the book "blasphemous against Islam" (chapter IV of the book depicts the character of an Imam in exile who returns to incite revolt from the people of his country with no regard for their safety). A bounty was offered for Rushdies death, and he was thus forced to live under police protection for several years. On 7 March 1989, the United Kingdom and Iran broke diplomatic relations over the Rushdie controversy.
  8. 8. JYLLANDS-POSTEN MUHAMMADCARTOONS CONTROVERSY• During the 2006 Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah declared that "If there had been a Muslim to carry out Imam Khomeini’s fatwā against the renegade Salman Rushdie, this rabble who insult our Prophet Mohammed in Denmark, Norway and France would not have dared to do so. I am sure there are millions of Muslims who are ready to give their lives to defend our prophets honour and we have to be ready to do anything for that.