India: The worlds seventh largest country in area, India occupies more than 3 million sq km (1 million sqmiles)Total Area3,287,590 sq kmLand: 2,973,190 sq kmWater: 314,400 sq km( comparatively slightly more than one-third the size of the US )International BoundariesIndia consists geographically of the entire Indian Peninsula and portions of the Asian mainland. The length ofIndia from north to south is 3,050 km (1,900 mi); from east to west it is 2,950 km (1,830 mi). India alsohas two island chains, each forming its own union territory. The Andaman and Nicobar island chain lies eastof the mainland between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Its southernmost island is only 200 km(120 mi) from the northern tip of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The Lakshadweep island group islocated off Indias southwest coast.Land boundaries:Total: 14,103 kmBorder Countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690km, Pakistan 2,912 kmCoastline: 7,000 kmElevation extremesLowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mHighest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 mPopulationWith more than 1 billion inhabitants, India ranks second only to China among the worlds most populouscountries. Its people are culturally diverse, and religion plays an important role in the life of the country.About 80.5% of the Indians practice Hinduism, a religion that originated in India. Another 13.4% of thepopulation is Muslims. This makes India home to the third-largest Muslim population in the world afterIndonesia and Pakistan. India also contains the majority of the worlds Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (2%),Buddhists (0.8%), Jains (0.4%) and Jews. Eighteen major languages and more than 1,000 minor languagesand dialects are spoken in India. Religious majorities vary greatly in different states. Jammu and Kashmirand Lakshadweep are Muslim majority states; Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram are Christian majority;Punjab is mostly dominated by Sikhs; Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim states mainly have Buddhists.Total Population 1,147,995,904 (2008 est)Age structure:0-14 years: 31.5% (male 189,238,487/female 172,168,306)(2008 est)15-64 years: 63.3% (male 374,157,581/female 352,868,003) (2008 est)65 years and over: 5.2% (male 28,285,796/female 31,277,725) (2008 est)Median age:total: 24.1 yearsmale: 24.1 yearsfemale: 24.2 years (2002)
Sex RatioAt birth: 1.12 male(s)/female (2008)Under 15: 1.10 male(s)/female (2008)15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2008)Population growth rate:1.578% (2008 est)Birth rate:22.22 births/1,000 population (2008 est)Death rate:6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est)Area wise bottom 5 parliament constituencies STATE / UT NAME PC NAME AREA (sq. km)JAMMU & KASHMIR Ladakh 173266.37RAJASTHAN Barmer 71601.24GUJARAT Kutch 41644.55ARUNACHAL PRADESH Arunachal West 40572.29ARUNACHAL PRADESH Arunachal East 39749.64Area wise Top 5 parliament constituencies STATE / UT NAME PC NAME AREA (sq. km)NCT OF DELHI Delhi Sadar 28.09MAHARASHTRA Mumbai South Central 18.31MAHARASHTRA Mumbai South 13.73WEST BENGAL Calcutta North West 13.23NCT OF DELHI ChandniChowk 10.59Number of Polling StationsPresently there are 8,28,804 polling stations in the country. In 2004 loksabha elections, there were6,87,402 polling stations. This shows an increase of 1,41,402 polling stations. The main reason for thisincrease is largely due to rationalization of polling stations, which the Commission undertook during 2008and 2009. Around 12,901 new polling stations have been setup in villages having less than 300 electors.This is to address concerns of threat and intimidation to voters. The Election Commission has undertaken anexercise of ‘Vulnerability Mapping’ in all Constituencies so that it can identify areas and voter segmentsvulnerable to threat and intimidation. The commission has endeavored to provide polling stations in thevulnerable localities. Other reasons for making new polling stations include the following: Need to reduce the distance required to be traveled by voters. Geographical barriers such as rivers and hills etc. This exercise has been done in all the districts after consulting with political parties.
Number of Polling Station Number of Existing Polling Sl. No State / Union Territory During 1999 Stations1 Andhra Pradesh 60,960 56,3112 Arunachal Pradesh 1,741 1,7343 Assam 17,653 17,6544 Bihar 83,170 49,4275 Chhattisgarh* 0* 15,6716 Goa 1,135 1,0037 Gujarat 35,053 36,6848 Haryana 15,449 12,5539 Himachal Pradesh 6,230 6,23010 Jammu & Kashmir 6,513 6,51111 Jharkhand* 0* 17,24712 Karnataka 44,497 39,68613 Kerala 23,007 20,33214 Madhya Pradesh 56,455 42,27615 Maharashtra 74,111 73,93816 Manipur 2,001 2,00117 Meghalaya 1,576 1,56918 Mizoram 782 78919 Nagaland 1,581 1,57320 Orissa 30,015 26,25021 Punjab 18,220 15,62322 Rajasthan 40,869 35,68923 Sikkim 336 34324 Tamil Nadu 54,847 47,97725 Tripura 2,367 2,36726 Uttar Pradesh 123,862 101,67827 Uttaranchal* 0* 7,65328 West Bengal 61,514 48,74729 A & N Islands 370 32730 Chandigarh 645 40531 D & N Haveli 123 12832 Daman & Diu 82 8233 Lakshadweep 43 4034 NCT of Delhi 8,666 9,00835 Pondicherry 778 615 Total: 774,651 700,121Note: * States were not formed. They were part of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradeshrespectively.