Noun Diminutive Forms- Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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LANE 333

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Noun Diminutive Forms- Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

  1. 1. LANE 333 -NOUN DIMINUTIVE MORPHOLOGY 2012 – Term 1 FORMS diminutive suffixes 4 By: http://SBANJAR.kau.edu.sa/Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com1 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  2. 2. •In English six diminutive suffixes can be found. •They are morphemes that convey a meaning of smallness or endearment or both. •They are: 1. -ie, -i, -y 2. -ette 3. -kin, -ikini, -kins 4. -ling 5. -et 6. -let2 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  3. 3. DIMINUTIVE SUFFIXES•The vowels of these diminutive suffixes are three front ɛvowels /i/, /Ι/, and /ɛ/.• The first suffix /i/ is highly productive. It is frequentlyattached to one syllable first names to suggestendearment and intimacy or smallness as in Johnny,Jamey, Jackie.• Similarly, it is attached to common nouns, sometimesindicating a diminutive notion about a participant in adiscourse more than about one person or thing beingreferred to, as in doggie, sweetie, birdie, or mommy. 3 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  4. 4. DIMINUTIVE SUFFIXES DIMINUTIVE No. SUFFIX Transcription Vowel NOUN auntie ӕ /ӕnti/ 1. -ie, sweetie /swi:ti/ /-i/ Jackie ʒ /dʒæki/ Janey ɪ /dʒeɪni/ Mickey ɪ /mɪki/ /-i/ -y Mikey ɪ /maɪki/ Johnny ɒ /dʒɒni/ Betty /beti/4 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  5. 5. DIMINUTIVE SUFFIXES •The second suffix is also in active use, generally to ɪ ɛ indicate smallness. Thus, a dinette/daɪnɛt/ is a small dining area. •The other four diminutive suffixes exist in the language as diminutive but are rarely if ever added to new nouns. •In short, they are unproductive and inactive. Furthermore, in some words, such as cabinet ɪ ɔɪlɪ /kæbənɪt/and toilet /tɔɪ ɪt/, the meaning of the ɔɪ diminutive suffix has faded away to little or no significance.5 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  6. 6. DIMINUTIVE SUFFIXES DIMINUTIVE No. SUFFIX Transcription Vowel NOUN 2. -ette dinette ɪ ɛ /daɪnɛt/ ɛ /-ɛ/ roomette ʊ ɛ /rʊmɛt/ -kin lambkin /lӕmkin/ ӕmkin /-i/ 3. -kins babykins be /beΙbikin/ duckling /dЛkliŋ/ ŋ 4. -ling /-i/ darling /dɑ:liŋ/ ɑ ŋ 5. -et circlet ɜ:kl /sɜ:klΙt/ /-Ι/ booklet ʊl /bʊlΙt/ 6. -let /-Ι/ starlet ɑ:l /stɑ:lΙt/6 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  7. 7. •In addition to these six diminutives, many others havecome into English as a part of borrowed words.• These are diminutives in their own or parent languagebut are nonmorphemic in English•Most of these borrowed diminutive endings contain the /i /Ι/,vowels /i/, / /, and /ɛ/, though these vowels have oftenreduced to /ǝ/ in English because of lack of stress.• Nearly , all these suffixes have lost the diminutivesense that was once alive in them.7 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  8. 8. 1. Mosquito 2. puppet 3. Pupil 4. Novel 5. Muscle 6. Particle 7. Formula8 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011
  9. 9. 9 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/6/2011

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