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LANE 333 -                                            MORPHOLOGY                                            2012 – Term 1 ...
• A word of one morpheme, like blaze,has, of course, just one unitary part.• A word of two morphemes, likecheerful, is obv...
• a word of three or more morphemes is not made up of a string of individualparts;• it is built with a hierarchy of twosom...
• words are formed in steps, they have aspecial type of structure characterized ashierarchical.•This hierarchical structur...
Immediate Constituents5                       Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
•In doing word diagrams like those above to showlayers of structure, we make successive divisions intotwo parts,• each of ...
7   Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
Here are three recommendations on IC division:1. If a word ends in an inflectional suffix, the first   cut is between the ...
• some words are ambiguous in that they have more thanone meaning.• When we examine their internal structure, we find out ...
X10       Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
11   Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
12   Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
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Immediate Constituents - Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar- presentation

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Immediate Constituents - Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar- presentation

  1. 1. LANE 333 - MORPHOLOGY 2012 – Term 1 ImmediateConstituents 5 By: http://SBANJAR.kau.edu.sa/Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com1 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  2. 2. • A word of one morpheme, like blaze,has, of course, just one unitary part.• A word of two morphemes, likecheerful, is obviously composed of twoparts, with the division between them: cheer ful2 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  3. 3. • a word of three or more morphemes is not made up of a string of individualparts;• it is built with a hierarchy of twosomes.•As an illustration lets us examine the formation of gentlemanly, a word ofthree morphemes.• gentle and man were put together to give gentleman.• we see that the meaning of gentleman is a composite of these of its twoconstituents.•Now we add –ly, meaning “like”, and get gentlemanly, like a gentleman.• Now when we analyze a word we show this process but in reverse.•We usually divide a word into two parts of which it seems to have beencomposed. 3 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  4. 4. • words are formed in steps, they have aspecial type of structure characterized ashierarchical.•This hierarchical structure can beschematically represented by means of treediagrams that indicate the steps involvedthe formation of the word.4 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  5. 5. Immediate Constituents5 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  6. 6. •In doing word diagrams like those above to showlayers of structure, we make successive divisions intotwo parts,• each of which is called an Immediate Constituent,abbreviated as IC.•The process is continued until all componentmorphemes of a word, the ultimate constituents, havebeen isolated. IC 6 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  7. 7. 7 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  8. 8. Here are three recommendations on IC division:1. If a word ends in an inflectional suffix, the first cut is between the suffix and the rest of the word.2. One of the ICs should be, if possible, a free form.3. The meaning of the ICs should be related to meaning of the word. 8 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
  9. 9. • some words are ambiguous in that they have more thanone meaning.• When we examine their internal structure, we find out thatthey may be analyzed in more than one way. 9 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar
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