Successfully reported this slideshow.
  Johan Thorbiörnson PhD, Assistant Professor in Mathematics Director MATH.SE Director RCN - Resource Centre for  Netbased...
Sammanfattning <ul><li>Skandinaviskt seminarium 22 april 2009 om Nätbaserad värdering och  examination  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Innehåll <ul><li>Begreppet och fenomenet ”The wisdom of crowds”, tillämpningar inom lärande Historik: hierarkisk och icke-...
Fenomenet ”The wisdom of crowds” <ul><li>James Surowiecki: &quot;The wisdom of crowds&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.r...
MATH.SE – web based university courses in European collaboration <ul><li>Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Stockhol...
RCN and MATH.SE – background and history Sweden's oldest and largest technical university Royal Institute of Technology (K...
RCN – Resource Centre for Netbased Education [Royal Institute of Technology]  www.kth.se/rcn RCN organizes MATH.SE
Hierchical and non-hierarchical structures for organizing courses  Person of the year 2006: You! The Person of the Year 20...
A new educational paradigm
MATH.SE are taking care of infrastructure, support, formalities, etc.  Activities for students to successfully complete th...
Ten thousand students study maths on the  summer holidays ”It gives me such  confidence” From the newspaper:
An investigation shows that students who completed the summer course on the Internet (Bridge course) is  equally successfu...
School   A  B  C  D  E University Repetition Bridging Bridge courses and Foundation courses From School to University:  Br...
Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Pass rate on first exam at KTH (Calculus co...
Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Do you think you benefit you benefit from t...
Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Students at the end of 1 st  semester: “Are...
The way through the system for the student <ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Computer account </li></ul><ul><li>Log in...
The student log in through a central database <ul><li>Will then be linked to the specific learning platform and the net ba...
Student Lounge <ul><li>Links to </li></ul><ul><li>Course literature </li></ul><ul><li>Examination parts and tests </li></u...
Course material in a wiki solution <ul><li>Teachers can develop material in working teams </li></ul><ul><li>Version manage...
<ul><li>The examination process is partitioned into levels and performed continuously during the course: </li></ul><ul><li...
Formativ examination Summativ examination Low stake tests High stake tests Net based examination – framework for courses
Automatic and peer assessment in  large student groups  based on a detailed and level-partitioned examination process.  As...
Different interfaces extract information from the database, such as tools for mentors for following up and monitoring stud...
Administrative system  Interfaces for tutors, teachers and administrators
Higher generation e-learning course <ul><li>Scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility  </li></ul><ul><li>High quality reso...
WWW Virtual  classroom Textbooks Classroom Student INTERNET Online examination Advanced  follow up What is an Internet bas...
KTH Virtual Campus – now building the future <ul><li>Framework of integrated services from different technical solutions <...
  Johan Thorbiörnson PhD, Director MATH.SE Director RCN - Resource Centre for  Netbased Education johanthor@kth.se, +46 70...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Digital examination, forms and tools for aggregation of information and cognition. The dynamics that emerges in large student groups and the phenomenon "the wisdom of crowds".

651 views

Published on

Plattformar för e-learning har huvudsakligen varit teknologier för att organisatoriskt kunna hantera stora studentgrupper som är skilda åt i tid och rum. Detta görs fortfarande men sådan undervisning sker inte alltid enligt den traditionella hierarkiska formen, utan iscensätts även i nya undervisningsformer. Denna presentation tar utgångspunkt i James Surowieckis begrepp "the wisdom of crowds" för att diskutera formerna för aggregering av kunskap och den dynamik som uppstår i kunskapssökande grupper. Webbplattformen Math.se komer att presenteras liksom nya initiativ inom e-learning på KTH såsom KTH Virtuellt campus.
Litteratur:
James Surowiecki "The wisdom of crowds"
http://www.randomhouse.com/features/wisdomofcrowds/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wisdom_of_Crowds

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Digital examination, forms and tools for aggregation of information and cognition. The dynamics that emerges in large student groups and the phenomenon "the wisdom of crowds".

  1. 1. Johan Thorbiörnson PhD, Assistant Professor in Mathematics Director MATH.SE Director RCN - Resource Centre for Netbased Education [email_address] Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm http://www.kth.se/rcn http://www.math.se [email_address] Digital examination, forms and tools for  aggregation of information and cognition. The dynamics that emerges in large student groups and  the phenomenon &quot;the wisdom of crowds&quot;.
  2. 2. Sammanfattning <ul><li>Skandinaviskt seminarium 22 april 2009 om Nätbaserad värdering och  examination  </li></ul><ul><li>Titel: Digital examination, forms and tools for aggregation of information and cognition.The dynamics that emerges in large student groups and  the phenomenon &quot;the wisdom of crowds&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Plattformar för e-learning har huvudsakligen varit teknologier för att organisatoriskt kunna hantera stora studentgrupper som är skilda åt i tid och rum. Detta görs fortfarande men sådan undervisning sker inte alltid enligt den traditionella hierarkiska formen, utan iscensätts även i nya undervisningsformer. Denna presentation tar utgångspunkt i James Surowieckis begrepp &quot;the wisdom of crowds&quot; för att diskutera formerna för aggregering av kunskap och den dynamik som uppstår i kunskapssökande grupper. Webbplattformen Math.se komer att presenteras liksom nya initiativ inom e-learning på KTH. </li></ul><ul><li>Litteratur: James Surowiecki &quot;The wisdom of crowds&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.randomhouse.com/features/wisdomofcrowds/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wisdom_of_Crowds </li></ul>
  3. 3. Innehåll <ul><li>Begreppet och fenomenet ”The wisdom of crowds”, tillämpningar inom lärande Historik: hierarkisk och icke-hierarkisk struktur för kursverksamhet Presentation av MATH.SE och RCN Funktioner och moderna verktyg för aggregering av information och omdömen inom grupper Högskolans primära uppgift – att examinera med ackreditering Nätbaserad värdering och examination som stöd för formativ examination, avancerad uppföljning och feedback. Hur kan tiden som spenderas utnyttjas bättre, hur kan kvalitet skapas i studentens lärande, hur kan föreläsningar och handledning optimeras? Lärande i ett globalt perspektiv Framtiden, KTH Virtuellt campus Diskussion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fenomenet ”The wisdom of crowds” <ul><li>James Surowiecki: &quot;The wisdom of crowds&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.randomhouse.com/features/wisdomofcrowds/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wisdom_of_Crowds </li></ul><ul><li>Crowd-sourcing </li></ul>
  5. 5. MATH.SE – web based university courses in European collaboration <ul><li>Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Stockholm University Uppsala University Linköping University Örebro University University of Gävle Mälardalen University Jönköping University Imperial College, London Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) </li></ul><ul><li>MATH.SE is a collaboration managed by RCN at KTH Stockholm, consisting of 8 Swedish partner universities and from now also Imperial College and TU Berlin. </li></ul>
  6. 6. RCN and MATH.SE – background and history Sweden's oldest and largest technical university Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) has more than 25 years of experience in e-learning. Every year 20% of all beginners in Sweden study a national bridge course in mathematics or other subjects before they start university. The same service will now be offered to other countries.
  7. 7. RCN – Resource Centre for Netbased Education [Royal Institute of Technology] www.kth.se/rcn RCN organizes MATH.SE
  8. 8. Hierchical and non-hierarchical structures for organizing courses Person of the year 2006: You! The Person of the Year 2006 in Times Magazin was &quot;You&quot; (meaning that &quot;you&quot; control the Information Age). The organizational structure within MATH.SE and its built-in revenue sharing model along with a high level of Quality of Experience makes a big step towards approaching the new global market in education and the need for mass-individualization. The first university, Plato's academy , has been a model for all the following traditional universities, based on the idea of one teacher per group of students. This does not scale well since if you have 1000 times more students you need 1000 times more teachers. Another serious drawback in a traditional setup is that students in different schools in different cities will not communicate with each other, even if they are struggling exactly the same mathematical problems and learning processes. By using a flat non-hierarchical structure and modern social networking tools , we can make it possible for thousands of students together to share their learning processes, independently of were they are living. This is a big difference compared to the traditional way of organizing courses.
  9. 9. A new educational paradigm
  10. 10. MATH.SE are taking care of infrastructure, support, formalities, etc. Activities for students to successfully complete the course on the Internet. Call center solution for tutoring – the students can call or email their personal mentor. Students belongs to different universities but study together in one virtual classroom. Universities get administrative tools and can monitor ”their” students. MATH.SE – a model proved to work nationally in Sweden and now expanding in Europe 10 000 students in the same classroom. High quality resource allocation. Large community.
  11. 11. Ten thousand students study maths on the summer holidays ”It gives me such confidence” From the newspaper:
  12. 12. An investigation shows that students who completed the summer course on the Internet (Bridge course) is equally successful in the first year at KTH as students with the highest marks in all courses from school.
  13. 13. School A B C D E University Repetition Bridging Bridge courses and Foundation courses From School to University: Bridges the gap and gives a flying start at the first part of university math. Since 1997 the department of Mathematics at the Royal Institute of Mathematics has evaluated the discrepancies between freshmen actual knowledge of mathematics and the KTH faculty expectations. The course curriculum in the bridging courses is based on these discrepancies. The same type of bridging courses are now offered in different subjects such as physics, computer science and chemistry.
  14. 14. Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Pass rate on first exam at KTH (Calculus course): Civil engineering students (Master of Science in Engineering): Passrate 86% (prepared using the Bridge course) Passrate 68% (did not follow the Bridge course) Students on Bachelor of Science in Engingeering programme: Passrate 78% (prepared using the Bridge course) Passrate 63% (did not follow the Bridge course) (Year 2008)
  15. 15. Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Do you think you benefit you benefit from the bridge course during your further studies in the first semester? Civil engineering students (Master of Science in Engineering): &quot;Yes&quot;, or &quot;Yes, much&quot; : 75% No: : 25% (Year 2003)
  16. 16. Clear advantage to do at least one chapter on the Internet based bridge course Students at the end of 1 st semester: “Are you experiencing that you should have rehearsed logarithms?” 19% (prepared using the Bridge course) 45% (did not follow the Bridge course) 26% (“A” students) “ Are you experiencing that you should have rehearsed limits, continuity and asymptotes?” 52% (prepared using the Bridge course) 42% (did not follow the Bridge course) 44% (“A” students) (Year 2006)
  17. 17. The way through the system for the student <ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Computer account </li></ul><ul><li>Log in </li></ul><ul><li>Study, tutoring, supervision, feedback, remainders </li></ul><ul><li>Examination </li></ul>
  18. 18. The student log in through a central database <ul><li>Will then be linked to the specific learning platform and the net based tools within which activities will be done. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of a solution based on one single LMS we use different modules and specific net based tools, linked together in one framework. </li></ul><ul><li>Different technical solutions, for example a Wiki for publishing course material, systems for automatically corrected tests, systems for collaboration and groupwork, etc. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Student Lounge <ul><li>Links to </li></ul><ul><li>Course literature </li></ul><ul><li>Examination parts and tests </li></ul><ul><li>Course forum </li></ul><ul><li>Personal tutor </li></ul><ul><li>Study guidance, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative tools </li></ul>Personal study plan After logging in, the student comes to their personal page.
  20. 20. Course material in a wiki solution <ul><li>Teachers can develop material in working teams </li></ul><ul><li>Version management </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical signs and other special signs can be displayed directly in the web browser (LaTeX)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>In discussion forums the students easily can write mathematics by clicking on buttons for special signs or more advanced by using LaTeX. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The examination process is partitioned into levels and performed continuously during the course: </li></ul><ul><li>Basic facts - basic tests after each section </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving - final tests after each section </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis and synthesis, ability to discuss and evalute – wiki for individual assignment and group assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Final evaluation and feedback of cohesive knowledge, feedback and grading – written or oral exam </li></ul><ul><li>The student will be coached by tutors online, who follows and tracks the work by the students with the net based examination, continuously during the course. </li></ul>Net based examination – framework for courses
  22. 22. Formativ examination Summativ examination Low stake tests High stake tests Net based examination – framework for courses
  23. 23. Automatic and peer assessment in large student groups based on a detailed and level-partitioned examination process. Assessment is integrated with the students learning activities and is utilized as a structure for instructional scaffolding and follow-up .
  24. 24. Different interfaces extract information from the database, such as tools for mentors for following up and monitoring students based on their progress, tools for sending out remainders by email or SMS, calling up students who seem to be late, etc. Mentor interface for follow up and support of students
  25. 25. Administrative system Interfaces for tutors, teachers and administrators
  26. 26. Higher generation e-learning course <ul><li>Scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>High quality resource allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Based on detailed learning outcomes in a combination of interactive learning objects, peer learning, peer assessment, and detailed design of activities through the platform </li></ul><ul><li>Student torrent - analogous to Bittorrent techniques (larger ”downloads” generates larger bandwidth)‏ </li></ul>Processes are similar to a ”boiling stew pan” full of activities, independently of the diameter of the pan since the students are learning from each other. The teachers’ roles will be to design, spice up, stimulate and coach the activities.
  27. 27. WWW Virtual classroom Textbooks Classroom Student INTERNET Online examination Advanced follow up What is an Internet based course?
  28. 28. KTH Virtual Campus – now building the future <ul><li>Framework of integrated services from different technical solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination and standardization of development and initiatives already going on at KTH </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the “real world” campus clearer and activities more meaningful and effective </li></ul><ul><li>Crowd sourcing </li></ul>
  29. 29. Johan Thorbiörnson PhD, Director MATH.SE Director RCN - Resource Centre for Netbased Education johanthor@kth.se, +46 703 371100 Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm http://www.math.se [email_address]

×