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Sex ratio and mortality rate2

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Sex ratio and mortality rate

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Sex ratio and mortality rate2

  1. 1. Social Science
  2. 2. (causes and effects of it in the development of different countries) Sex Ratio
  3. 3. India  Current Sex Ratio of India in 2015 is 943 Females/1000 Males. Sex Ratio of India - Sex Ratio is a term used to define number of females per 1000 males. It's a great source to find the equality of males and females in a society at a given period of time. In India Sex Ratio was okay till the time of Independence, thereafter it has declined regularly. According to Census of India 20011, Indian sex ratio has shown some improvement in the last 10 years. It has gone up from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011 census of India. There has been some improvement in the Sex Ratio
  4. 4. The states of South India have the best Sex Ratio of females per 1000 males.
  5. 5. Bangladesh  The country has 100.3 males against 100 females, though over 119 males live in the capital at present against 100 females.  There are 7.12 crore males against 7.11 crore females in the country, of which 64.6 lakh males live in Dhaka along with 54.2 lakh females, revealed the primary data of the national population census yesterday.  According to the report, the number of males is higher mainly in the urban areas than the rural parts, except the Chittagong Hill Tracts.  During the last decade, the number of women has increased by around four million, which the primary results marked as “a spectacular change in the sex
  6. 6. Japan  As of 1 January 2015, the population of Japan was estimated to be 126 500 581 people. This is a decrease of -0.28 % (-352 652 people) compared to population of 126 853 233 the year before. In 2014 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 352 652. Unfortunately, we do not have any data related to external migration in 2014. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.949 (949 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2014. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.
  7. 7. of Japan population in 2015 will be the following: • 2 533 live births average per day (105.56 in a hour) • 3 497 deaths average per day (145.71 in a hour
  8. 8. u.s.a  The U.S. is the world's highest-consuming nation and our per-capita level of consumption is magnified by our large population. Yet our population continues to grow at a rate comparable to many third-world countries - since 1945 our population growth rate has equaled that of India and California is currently growing faster than Bangladesh.  SUSPS supports lower levels of consumption. Addressing consumption levels is necessary, however that alone will not halt the degradation of our environment. U.S. consumption per capita has remained constant or decreased slightly for the last 30 years for most resources (including energy consumption), and the only force significantly driving
  9. 9. ( causes and effects of it in the development of different countries) Mortality rate
  10. 10. india The Birth Rate  It is the average number of the children born in a country compared to the rest of the population. In other words, it is the number of births for every 1000 people in the country Factors affecting the birth rate in a country  Social and religious beliefs - especially in relation to contraception and abortion  Female employment  Economic prosperity (although in theory when the economy is doing well families can afford to have
  11. 11. The number of people who die each year compared to every 1000 people in the population is known as death rate. • Medical facilities and health care • Nutrition levels • Living standard • Access to clean drinking water • Hygiene levels • Levels of infectious diseases • Social factors such as conflicts and levels of violent crime The Death Rate Factors affecting death rate in a country
  12. 12. Bangladesh  The newborns in poor rural households of Bangladesh is being influenced by environmental factors and they indicate several pathways that may potentially lead to VSD.  Higher heat-humidity index may facilitate proliferation of bacteria in poorly ventilated households. During the monsoon season people usually remain indoors to avoid the rain and the overcrowding and related poor hygienic The Birth rate
  13. 13. • The neonatal mortality rate in Bangladesh is 37 deaths per 1000 live births on average; in some areas this is much higher. Over the past few decades under-5 mortality has been coming down gradually whereas levels of newborn mortality are still beyond the acceptable limit. The Death rate • A combination of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis, known as Very Severe Disease (VSD) causes 50% of newborn deaths in Bangladesh. The common signs are fever, hypothermia, difficult breathing, lethargy, convulsion, inability to feed etc. Failure to provide immediate appropriate medical care once these signs are obvious may lead the newborn to death in a very short period of time.
  14. 14. Japan The Birth rate  In Japan the birth rate fell in 1966 the Year of the Horse – an unlucky year for babies to be born. Births fell by 466,000 (half a million).  In the 1980s Japan legalised abortion leading to a dramatic decrease in birth rates.  Mortality rates are increased in war times – and birth rates fell in Japan during WWII from 30/000 to 23/000. (A baby boom followed the
  15. 15. • Improvements in the economy, when coupled with good distribution of health care, education and food have resulted in reductions in mortality. The Death rate • An ageing population or greying population raises the mortality levels in a country.
  16. 16. u.s.a The Birth rate • The infant mortality rate is one of three indicators used to monitor achievements towards the Fourth Goal of the eight Millennium Development Goals. This goal's target value is to "Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate". • Awareness of birth control and benefits of fewer children.
  17. 17. Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age. It is measured as infant mortality rate (IMR), which is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births. The leading causes of infant mortality are birth asphyxia, pneumonia, pre-term birth complications, diarrhea, malaria, measles and malnutrition. Many factors contribute to infant mortality such as the mother's level of education, environmental conditions, and political and medical infrastructure. Improving sanitation, access to clean drinking water, immunization against infectious diseases, and other public health measures could help reduce high rates of infant mortality. The Death rate
  18. 18. Thank you! Presented by : Mitanshi Agarwal IX-B 25

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