Promoting Early Warning: Reducing Risk to Disasters Gehendra B. Gurung Practical Action National Workshop on DRR: Innovati...
Presentation outline:   <ul><li>Why Community Based Flood Early Warning? </li></ul><ul><li>Early days – “Watch and Warn” <...
Why - Community Based Flood Early Warning System <ul><li>Flood Warning is a  concern and interest of communities  living a...
Early Days – Flood Warning <ul><li>“ Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot initiative in Bhandara, Chitwan- 2002 </li></...
Limitations of Early Watch and Warn System <ul><li>Electricity interruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Limited coverage of the sir...
Additional needs realised <ul><li>Increase in visual range </li></ul><ul><li>Rescues bridges and passages </li></ul><ul><l...
Improvement in “Watch and Warn” System <ul><li>Chitwan and Nawalpasai- 2005  </li></ul><ul><li>Genuinely based on intra-co...
Improvements in “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Higher tower with additional facility </li></ul>Hand siren Rescue boat Emergency ...
Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Linking Downstream Communities to Upstream River Information </li></ul>Upstream river gaug...
“ Linking downstream with upstream&quot; <ul><ul><li>With equal emphasis on all the four elements of EWS  </li></ul></ul>
Upstream to Downstream Communication Communicating river information to downstream through radio Monitoring river level Co...
Early Warning Communication System
Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Scaling up and Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone + </li></ul><ul><li>Telemetry (intern...
Telephone cum Telemetry EWS
Scaling up and extension…
Way forward <ul><li>Make EWS a priority in National DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Develop National EWS Strategy (in progress) </li...
Way forward <ul><li>Build capacity of the communities and stakeholders in EWS </li></ul><ul><li>Build necessary infrastruc...
Thank You
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Practical action+ewsc

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Presentation on National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

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Practical action+ewsc

  1. 1. Promoting Early Warning: Reducing Risk to Disasters Gehendra B. Gurung Practical Action National Workshop on DRR: Innovation and Excellence in Nepal 29 June 2010
  2. 2. Presentation outline: <ul><li>Why Community Based Flood Early Warning? </li></ul><ul><li>Early days – “Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Linking downstream with the upstream </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up and extension </li></ul><ul><li>Way forward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why - Community Based Flood Early Warning System <ul><li>Flood Warning is a concern and interest of communities living along the flood prone zones </li></ul><ul><li>Locally Flood Warning starts from members of communities and dissemination takes place into the community </li></ul><ul><li>Flood Warning is required as it originates in one location and affects in another location </li></ul><ul><li>The existing traditional warning gives limited response time </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Days – Flood Warning <ul><li>“ Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot initiative in Bhandara, Chitwan- 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>- Visual observation at local level – “Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of the information through “Electric Siren” </li></ul><ul><li>Additional supports provided </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of river banks </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness and trainings </li></ul><ul><li>Management of the Warning Tower </li></ul>
  5. 5. Limitations of Early Watch and Warn System <ul><li>Electricity interruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Limited coverage of the siren </li></ul><ul><li>Limited coverage of the visual sight </li></ul><ul><li>Limited response time </li></ul><ul><li>Less community interest </li></ul>
  6. 6. Additional needs realised <ul><li>Increase in visual range </li></ul><ul><li>Rescues bridges and passages </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity back up </li></ul><ul><li>Back up to electric siren </li></ul>
  7. 7. Improvement in “Watch and Warn” System <ul><li>Chitwan and Nawalpasai- 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Genuinely based on intra-community warning system </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive awareness programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of life saving equipment and other materials like boat, life jacket </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of small scale mitigation structures like bridges, bio-dykes, shelters etc </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-identification of evacuation route </li></ul>
  8. 8. Improvements in “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Higher tower with additional facility </li></ul>Hand siren Rescue boat Emergency Shelter Rescue bridge
  9. 9. Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Linking Downstream Communities to Upstream River Information </li></ul>Upstream river gauge Downstream communities
  10. 10. “ Linking downstream with upstream&quot; <ul><ul><li>With equal emphasis on all the four elements of EWS </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Upstream to Downstream Communication Communicating river information to downstream through radio Monitoring river level Communicating the information through hand mic Communicating the information through siren
  12. 12. Early Warning Communication System
  13. 13. Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Scaling up and Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone + </li></ul><ul><li>Telemetry (internet) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Telephone cum Telemetry EWS
  15. 15. Scaling up and extension…
  16. 16. Way forward <ul><li>Make EWS a priority in National DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Develop National EWS Strategy (in progress) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Way forward <ul><li>Build capacity of the communities and stakeholders in EWS </li></ul><ul><li>Build necessary infrastructure for National EWS </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank You

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