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Ain learning of ddp initiatives


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Ain learning of ddp initiatives

  1. 1. LEARNING OF DISTRICT DISASTER PREPAREDNESS INITIATIVES 04/07/10 AINTGDM 08 April 2010 Hotel Radisson, Kathmandu [email_address]
  2. 2. 04/07/10 <ul><li>District Disaster Preparedness / Risk Management Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Major Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Key Learning </li></ul>Outline of Presentation
  3. 3. Disaster Risk Management /Preparedness Initiatives 04/07/10 <ul><li>Risk assessment (VCA, PCVA, PVA………….) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge management to increase awareness on DP/DRR at community/ school and institutions (IEC, manuals, CLC, awareness campaigns) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop capacity of target communities /task forces & local stakeholders (CBDRR, FALSAR, SPHERE, DRR/CCA, HFA, MIRA tools… </li></ul><ul><li>small scale mitigation measures (structural and non structural) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Disaster Risk Management /Preparedness Initiatives 04/07/10 <ul><li>Establish Early Warning mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination/Networking & Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Increased preparedness measures at HH, community and district level </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming DRR approaches (INCLUSIVE DRR) in development (district council…) </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-positioning of preparedness and response kits </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Achievements – District Disaster (Risk) Management Initiatives………. 04/07/10 <ul><li>Community Level </li></ul><ul><li>. Community sensitization on DRR – CDMC, Women Empowerment (REFLECT) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Enhanced capacity of vulnerable communities on DRR (CDPRP, VDPRP, Task Forces, First responders, EMF </li></ul><ul><li>3. People are being organized into CDMC, VDMCs and their networks - DNDAC/NNDAC </li></ul><ul><li>4. Internalized DRR approach by VDC - VDC allocating resources on DP/DRR </li></ul><ul><li>5. Promotion of EW system – u/s & d/s linkage </li></ul>DNDAC/NNDAC
  6. 6. Major Achievements – District Disaster (Risk) Management Initiatives………. 04/07/10 <ul><li>District level </li></ul><ul><li>Preparedness mechanism is being established – DDRC/MOHA moving from reactive to proactive mode ( a collaborative effort) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DDMP in place in some districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DCP-7/ cluster ( WASH..) contin. Plan in place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Training manuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of Emergency Management Fund at DDCs/VDCs - initiated </li></ul></ul>Process of DCP in summary DCP – Saptari, an example
  7. 7. Major Achievements – District Disaster (Risk) Management Initiatives………. 04/07/10 <ul><li>District level </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement of AIN members with DDRC for pre-monsoon preparedness in 36/40 districts </li></ul><ul><li>People’s Network are being established </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District Network of Disaster Affected Community (DNDAC) – 15 districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Network of Disaster Affected Community (NNDAC) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Key Learning 04/07/10 <ul><li>Awareness /Preparedness on DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization of disaster planning process (e.g., CDRMP, VDRMP, DDRMP) is required. </li></ul><ul><li>DCP (scenario based action plan) is an effective means to enhance preparedness and coordination amongst district institutions - Proactive engagement of DDRC </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-monsoon planning and post monsoon review practice is instrumental for preparing to major hazards </li></ul><ul><li>4. Awareness raising is only sufficient for short-term, behavior and attitude change is required – will need long term approach </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>5 Need to strengthen the capacity of existing information management centre at DDC </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cluster mechanisms introduced in some districts - enhanced coordination between DDRC, govt. line agencies, NRCS and other stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Active participation of cluster leads need to be ensured to roll out Cluster concept (DCP..) at district level </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen capacity of DDRC – DAO should have a separate DRR unit (full time DRR focal point, increase resources and know-how) </li></ul>Key Learning….. 04/07/10
  10. 10. <ul><li>9. Need to establish strong linkage of CB/DMCs with others – VDC/DMC – DNDAC – NNDAC and line agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Limited link between relief , risk reduction and development - Investment of resources on DRR mainstreaming is crucial – disaster impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>11. CCA strategies need to be linked with DRR approach </li></ul><ul><li>Need to engage on root causes of disaster - deforestation in churia (to avoid siltation in terai), </li></ul><ul><li>- construction of raised dykes/road/dam along Indo Nepal border (to avoid inundations) </li></ul><ul><li>- policy decisions – national/int’l </li></ul>Key Learning….. 04/07/10 <ul><li>Development of DRR strategy and guidelines is required </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g., EW strategy, Development of DDRMP guideline, Development of CDRMP and VDRMP, Training Manuals, school safety guidelines..) </li></ul>Sustainability of local initiatives / CDMCs Can you imagine? Human beings live together with animals in animal shed - Belhi, Sarlahi 2009 Limited link between relief..
  11. 11. Working together………for a risk resilient Nepal! 04/07/10 Thank you for your kind attention!!!