0. aandp net presentation on hfa climate change and drr


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0. aandp net presentation on hfa climate change and drr

  1. 1. Climate Change  & Disaster Risk Reduction  Disaster Risk Reduction  A Call from HFA 2005‐2016 A Call from HFA 2005‐ Shyam Jnavaly@actionaid.org April 15, 2010 April 15 2010
  2. 2. Climate Change Climate Change “directly or indirectly to human activity  d ect y o d ect y to u a act ty that alters the composition of the global  atmosphere and which is in addition to  natural climate variability observed over  l li i bili b d comparable time periods”  …. a change in the state of the climate th t change in the state of the climate that  h i th t t f th li t can be identified ... by changes in the  mean and / or the variability of its  mean and / or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an  extended period, typically decades or  longer ….
  3. 3. Climate Change Adaptation Climate Change Adaptation The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects which moderates harm effects, or exploits beneficial opportunities. The broader concept of adaptation also applies to non‐ climatic factors such as soil erosion or surface subsidence.  Adaptation can occur in autonomous fashion, for example  Ad t ti i t f hi f l through market changes, or as a result of intentional  adaptation policies and plans. Many disaster risk reduction  measures can directly contribute to better adaptation
  4. 4. Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster Risk Reduction “action taken to reduce the risk of action taken to reduce the risk of  disasters and the adverse impacts of  natural hazards, through systematic  natural hazards through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causes of disasters, including through avoidance of disasters incl ding thro gh a oidance of hazards hazards, reduced social and economic  vulnerability to hazards, and improved  l bili h d di d preparedness for adverse events”.
  5. 5. Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster Risk Reduction The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and th environment, and i d the i t d improved preparedness d d for adverse events. The substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and the social,  The substantial reduction of disaster losses in lives and the social economic and environmental assets of communities and countries.  “disaster reduction” is sometimes used, the term “disaster risk  reduction provides a better recognition of the ongoing nature of reduction” provides a better recognition of the ongoing nature of  disaster risks and the ongoing potential to reduce these risks 
  6. 6. Climate change and disaster risk reduction  Climate change and disaster risk reduction  Climate change and disaster risk reduction are closely linked.  More extreme weather events in future are  More extreme weather events in future are  likely to increase the number and scale of  likely to increase the number and scale of  disasters, while at the same time,  disasters, while at the same time,  the existing methods and tools of disaster  the existing methods and tools of disaster risk reduction provide powerful capacities  f for adaptation to climate change. d t ti t li t h
  7. 7. HFA The Hyogo Framework for Action provides the foundation for the implementation of disaster risk reduction. Agreed at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in January 2005 i K b J J 2005, in Kobe, Japan, with ith the support of 168 Governments.
  8. 8. Adaptation through disaster risk reduction and  the role of the Hyogo Framework th l f th H F k • “the substantial reduction of losses, in lives the substantial reduction of losses, in lives  and in the social, economic and environmental  assets of communities and countries”. • “promote the integration of risk reduction promote the integration of risk reduction  associated with existing climate variability and  future climate change into strategies for the  reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to  climate change...”
  9. 9. 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation. This need is critical to both adaptation and risk reduction: encouraging a core ministry with a broad mandate including finance, economics or planning, to be responsible for mainstreaming climate change adaptation policies and activities; organizing a national hi h l l policy di l ii ti l high‐level li dialogue t prepare a to national adaptation strategy that links with disaster risk reduction strategies; formalizing collaboration and th coordination of climate‐related f li i ll b ti d the di ti f li t l t d risk reduction activities through a multi‐sector mechanism such as a national platform for disaster risk reduction; and developing mechanisms to actively engage women communities women, and local governments in the assessment of vulnerability and impacts and the formulation of local adaptation activities
  10. 10. 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning. h l i Important steps under this priority include: Developing and disseminating high quality information about  climate hazards and their likely future changes; Conducting assessments of vulnerability and specially vulnerable  Conducting assessments of vulnerability and specially vulnerable groups;  Preparing briefings for policymakers and sector leaders;  Reviewing the effectiveness of early warning systems;  implementing procedures to ensure warnings reach vulnerable  g p; groups; and  Undertaking public information programmes to help people  understand the risks they face and how to respond to warnings.
  11. 11. 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. lt f f t d ili t ll l l This principle applies equally to adaptation and disaster risk  reduction. Specific steps should include  d ti S ifi t h ld i l d Collating and disseminating good practices;  Undertaking public information programmes on local and personal  actions that contribute to safety and resilience;  actions that contribute to safety and resilience; Publicizing community successes;  Training the media on climate related issues;  Developing education curricula on climate adaptation and risk  D l i d ti i l li t d t ti d ik reduction;  Supporting research programmes on resilience; and  Improving mechanisms for knowledge transfer from science to  Improving mechanisms for knowledge transfer from science to application for risk management in climate‐sensitive sectors.
  12. 12. 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors y g f • This covers the many environmental and societal factors that create or  exacerbate the risks from natural hazards. Measures can include: exacerbate the risks from natural hazards Measures can include • Incorporating climate risk‐related considerations in development  planning processes and macro‐economic projections;  • q g yp g, Requiring the use of climate risk‐related information in city planning,  land‐use planning, water management, and environmental and natural  resource management;  • Strengthening and maintaining protective works such as coastal wave  barriers, river levees, flood ways and flood ponds;  barriers river levees flood ways and flood ponds; • Requiring routine assessment and reporting of climate risks in  infrastructure projects, building designs, and other engineering practices; • Developing risk transfer mechanisms and social safety nets;  • Supporting programmes for diversification of livelihoods; and  • Instituting adaptation activities in plans for recovery from specific  disasters.
  13. 13. 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels. t ll l l Resilience building and early warning systems contribute to  Resilience building and early warning systems contribute to this priority. Other specific actions can include : Revising preparedness plans and contingency plans to  account for the projected changes in existing hazards and  new hazards not experienced before;  Building evacuation mechanisms and shelter facilities; and  Building evacuation mechanisms and shelter facilities; and Developing specific preparedness plans for areas where  settlements and livelihoods are under threat of permanent  change.
  14. 14. How to integrated DRR & CCA How to integrated DRR & CCA 1. Map the institutions, policies and mechanisms already in place for  reducing disaster risk and dealing with climate change adaptation. 2. Take stock of the available information on hazards, exposure,  vulnerabilities and risk assessments. 3. Convene multi‐stakeholder discussions to review information and  identify opportunities to harmonies policy and address capacity gaps 4. Initiate capacity development activities to build or strengthen coherent  p y p g approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction 5. Design joint project initiatives that address both climate change  adaptation and disaster risk reduction. p 6. Conduct adaptation planning with a multi‐sectoral, development‐based  approach and centralized oversight responsibility
  15. 15. Key Messages 1 Key Messages 1 Measures to reduce vulnerability and disaster  Measures to reduce vulnerability and disaster risk are proven and are already being applied  to adaptation:  to adaptation: Tools, capacities and supporting mechanisms  for disaster risk reduction have been tested  for disaster risk reduction have been tested around the world and are available for wider  use in climate change adaptation. use in climate change adaptation
  16. 16. Key Messages 2 Key Messages 2 Disaster risk reduction offers a triple win:  Disaster risk reduction offers a triple win: Implementing disaster risk reduction policies  and programmes can limit the impacts of  and programmes can limit the impacts of climate‐related hazards,  directly support adaptation to climate change,  directly support adaptation to climate change and  help alleviate poverty.  h l ll i
  17. 17. Key Messages 3 Key Messages 3 Reducing disaster risk requires  and provides  Reducing disaster risk requires ‐ and provides opportunities for ‐ political leadership:  Political commitment at the highest level is  Political commitment at the highest level is essential to drive action across all sectors and  to build institutional linkages between  to build institutional linkages between climate change adaptation and disaster risk  reduction fields. reduction fields
  18. 18. Key Messages 4 Key Messages 4 Multi stakeholder participation is a key to  Multi‐stakeholder participation is a key to durable results: Disasters and climate change  affect all of society, and therefore disaster risk  affect all of society and therefore disaster risk reduction and adaptation solutions must  involve all sectors and civil society, including  involve all sectors and civil society including the private sector, and community  engagement. engagement
  19. 19. Thank you Thank you for your attention !! for your attention !!