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UNIT – IV.pptx
UNIT – IV.pptx
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Unit - I .ppt

  1. 1. PRINCIPLES OF ENGINEERING Prepared by D.Palani Kumar, AP/Mech, KCET.
  2. 2. Course Outcome To demonstrate the qualities of professional Engineer To apply the fundamental dimensions and units in Engineering applications To utilize the mathematical concepts in Engineering To explain the material properties for Engineering applications. To utilize the concept of computational tools
  3. 3. Preamble • This course enables the students to understand the importance of engineering discipline and real-time challenges in problem solving. • This course focuses on introducing basic principles, physical laws and mathematical foundations that every engineer should know for the analysis of any engineering problem. • The course further facilitates to learn the principles of computational engineering tools.
  4. 4. Curriculum • Importance of Engineering • Engineering Fundamentals • Mathematics in Engineering • Engineering Materials • Computational Engineering tools – Electronic Spreadsheets – MATLAB
  5. 5. Activities Students shall be exposed to the use of certain concepts of physics, mathematics and selection of materials for engineering design and process applications and to solve simple engineering problems using Excel and MATLAB.
  6. 6. Engineering is the application of science and mathematics to solve problems
  7. 7. • A person who has scientific training and who designs and builds complicated products, machines, systems, or structures Engineers are problem solvers • They have good grasp of fundamental physical, chemical and mathematical laws. • They consider factors like sustainability, efficiency, cost, reliability and safety. • They are dedicated to lifelong learning and service to others.
  8. 8. Engineering Work is all around you: • Heating, Air-conditioning and ventilating systems in home- Mechanical Engineers • Power plants and power stations- Electrical & Mechanical Engineers • Towel Used for morning shower- Agricultural, Manufacturing, • Chemical, Petroleum, Civil and Mechanical Engineers • Other examples: Milk kept in refrigerator, the car you are about to drive
  9. 9. What Engineers do? • Engineering Products: Cars, Computers, aircraft, clothing, toys, home appliances, surgical equipment, heating and cooling equipment, health care devices, tools and machines etc.. • They supervise construction of buildings, dams, highways and mass transit systems and construction of power plants • They play major role in the design and maintenance of a nation’s infrastructure including communication systems, public utilities and transportations.
  10. 10. What Engineers do? • They continuously develop new, advanced materials to make lighter and stronger products. • They bring ways of increasing crop, fruit and vegetable yields along with improving the safety of food products. • Engineers work as sales representatives of products, sales and customer support, maintenance of various products and machines. • They work in the departments of agriculture, defense, energy and transportations. • Some Engineers work for the National
  11. 11. Common Traits of Good Engineers • Engineers are problem solvers. • Good engineers have a firm grasp of the fundamental principles of engineering, which they can use to solve many different problems. • Good engineers are analytical, detailed oriented, and creative. • Good engineers have a desire to be lifelong learners. For example, they take continuing education classes, seminars, and workshops to stay abreast of innovations and new technologies.
  12. 12. Common Traits of Good Engineers • This is particularly important in today’s world because the rapid changes in technology will require you as an engineer to keep pace with new technologies. • Moreover, you will risk being laid off or denied promotion if you are not continually improving your engineering education.
  13. 13. Common Traits of Good Engineers • Good engineers, regardless of their area of specialization, have a core knowledge that can be applied to many areas. • Therefore, well-trained engineers are able to work outside their area of specialization in other related fields. • For example, a good mechanical engineer with a well rounded knowledge base can work as an automotive engineer, an aerospace engineer, or as a chemical engineer.
  14. 14. Common Traits of Good Engineers • Good engineers have written and oral communication skills that equip them to work well with their colleagues and to convey their expertise to a wide range of clients. • Good engineers have time-management skills that enable them to work productively and efficiently. • Good engineers have good “people skills” that allow them to interact and communicate effectively with various people in their organization. For example, they are able to communicate equally well with the sales and marketing experts and their own colleagues.
  15. 15. Design / Manufacturing Interface • Engineers are required to write reports. These reports might be lengthy, detailed technical reports containing graphs, charts, and engineering drawings, or they may take the form of brief memoranda or executive summaries. • Engineers are adept at using computers in many different ways to model and analyze various practical problems. Common Traits of Good Engineers
  16. 16. Common Traits of Good Engineers • Good engineers actively participate in local and national discipline-specific organizations by attending seminars, workshops, and meetings. Many even make presentations at professional meetings. • Engineers generally work in a team environment where they consult each other to solve complex problems. They divide up the task into smaller, manageable problems among themselves; consequently, productive engineers must be good team players.
  17. 17. Common Traits of Good Engineers • Good interpersonal and communication skills are increasingly important now because of the global market. • For example, various parts of a car could be made by different companies located in different countries. • In order to ensure that all components fit and work well together, cooperation and coordination are essential, which demands strong communication skills
  18. 18. Expected Educational Outcomes from an engineering graduate:
  19. 19. • The starting salaries of engineers are significantly higher than those of bachelor’s-degree graduates in other fields. The outlook for engineering is very good. • Good employment opportunities are expected for new engineering graduates during 2010 –2018. • Most engineering degrees are granted in electrical, mechanical, and civil engineering, the parents of all other engineering branches. • In the year 2008, engineers held 1.6 million jobs According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics:
  20. 20. Engineering Employment by Disciplines— Data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  21. 21. The Average Salary Offer for Engineers (2009)— Data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  22. 22. Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology • Over 300 colleges and universities in the United States offer bachelor’s-degree programs in engineering that are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology(ABET). • ABET examines the credentials of the engineering program’s faculty, curricular content, facilities, and admissions standards before granting accreditation.
  23. 23. According to ABET, accredited engineering programs must demonstrate that their graduates, by the time of graduations, have • an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering; • an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data; • an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs; • an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams; • an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems; • an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility; • an ability to communicate effectively;
  24. 24. According to ABET, accredited engineering programs must demonstrate that their graduates, by the time of graduations, have • the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context; • a recognition of the need for and an ability to engage in lifelong learning; • a knowledge of contemporary issues; and • an ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
  25. 25. Major Branches • Civil, • EEE • ECE & • Mechanical
  26. 26. Sub-branches • aerospace engineering, • biomedical, • chemical engineering, • environmental engineering, • petroleum engineering, • nuclear engineering and • materials engineering