TràVinh University<br />Resource Development Institute<br />Present Perfect Tense<br />Grammar<br />- Forms<br />- Usage<b...
FORMS<br />have / has + past participle (V3ed)<br />I have seen the film before.<br />She has seen the film before.<br />A...
Usage<br />1. Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time. <br />- Why are they so happy?<...
Usage<br />2. Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences. <br />I have never been to Japan. <br />Ha...
Usage<br />3. It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the  time period is not ...
Simple past vs. present perfect<br />
Exercises 1:<br />Write sentences in present perfect<br />1. You / correct / my mistakes <br />2.  You / practise / your E...
Exercises 1: <br />Write sentences in present perfect<br />11. We / reach / our goal<br />12. Our team / lose / the match<...
Exercises 2: <br />Write sentences in present perfect or simple past<br />1. Mary / win / the lottery last year. <br />2. ...
Exercises 2: <br />Write sentences in present perfect or simple past<br />11. / you / read / the book yet? <br />12. How m...
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Present perfect tense

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Present perfect tense

  1. 1. TràVinh University<br />Resource Development Institute<br />Present Perfect Tense<br />Grammar<br />- Forms<br />- Usage<br />- Present perfect vs. Past simple<br />- Exercises<br />February, 2011<br />
  2. 2. FORMS<br />have / has + past participle (V3ed)<br />I have seen the film before.<br />She has seen the film before.<br />Affirmative<br />Have you seen the film before?<br />Has she seen the film before?<br />Interrogative<br />They haven’t seen the film before.<br />He hasn’t seen the film before.<br />Negative<br />- I/we/you/they/Noun (plural) + have<br />- He/she/it/Noun (single) + has<br />NOTE<br />
  3. 3. Usage<br />1. Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time. <br />- Why are they so happy?<br />- They have just won a jackpot so they are really pleased<br /><ul><li>Why are you looking so dirty?</li></ul>- I have repaired my car.<br />
  4. 4. Usage<br />2. Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences. <br />I have never been to Japan. <br />Have you ever been there? <br />I have seen ghosts once.<br />Have you ever seen any?<br />
  5. 5. Usage<br />3. It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the time period is not finished. We use for and since with this meaning. We use for with periods of time and since with points of time.<br />I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning. I am really hungry<br />I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty<br />
  6. 6. Simple past vs. present perfect<br />
  7. 7. Exercises 1:<br />Write sentences in present perfect<br />1. You / correct / my mistakes <br />2. You / practise / your English<br />3. She / tidy up / her room<br />4. The boss / sign / the letter<br />5. Mary / shut / the door<br />6. Tony /build / a house.<br />7. Anne / cross / the street at the traffic lights.<br />8. They / be / to Australia. <br />9.Rupert / call / this number. <br />10. Betty / spend / 200 Euros at the shopping mall.<br />
  8. 8. Exercises 1: <br />Write sentences in present perfect<br />11. We / reach / our goal<br />12. Our team / lose / the match<br />13. She / underline / the word<br />14. They / not / discover / the treasure <br />15. Ron / not / talk / about the problem<br />16. You / knock / at the door<br />17. The teacher / mark / the tests <br />18. She / buy / a new computer<br />19. They / rescue / the girl<br />20. Brad / wear / a blue shirt<br />
  9. 9. Exercises 2: <br />Write sentences in present perfect or simple past<br />1. Mary / win / the lottery last year. <br />2. We / prepare / already / dinner. <br />3. James / find / your ring in the garden yesterday.<br />4. He / come / just / home. <br />5. They / buy / their car two years ago.<br />6. I / see / anyone yet. <br />7. Phil / go / to the cinema last night. <br />8. We / be / to the zoo so far. <br />9. She / arrive / yet. <br />10. Emily / visit / me last week. <br />
  10. 10. Exercises 2: <br />Write sentences in present perfect or simple past<br />11. / you / read / the book yet? <br />12. How many letters / they / write / so far? <br />13. When / he / tell / you that? <br />14. / you / be / at home last night? <br />15. How often / you / travel / abroad till now?<br />16. He / leave / just / his house. <br />17. We / build / a tree house last week. <br />18. Two years ago, Fiona / break / her leg. <br />19. I / wash / already / the dishes. <br />20. The other day, our cat / bring / home a mouse. <br />

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