Care & Feeding Of Your Computer


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A short presentation I am giving to local instructors on basic computer maintenance as part of the LTI series.

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Care & Feeding Of Your Computer

  1. 1. Care & Feeding of Your Computer Presented by Don Hazelwood
  2. 2. Computer Maintenance <ul><li>File & Folder Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Disk Defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Updates </li></ul>Photography by Darren Hester Attribution-Noncommercial 2.0 Generic
  3. 3. File & Folder Maintenance <ul><li>Desktop is not for storage </li></ul><ul><li>Store files in My Computer </li></ul><ul><li>This makes backing up a BREEZE </li></ul>Photograph by singleframe Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License
  4. 4. My Documents <ul><li>Folders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a folder is an object that can contain multiple documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Folders are used to organize information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost all information stored in a computer must be in a file. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many different types of files: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>data files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>program files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different types of files store different types of information. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Files & Folders <ul><li>Create </li></ul><ul><li>Rename </li></ul><ul><li>Delete </li></ul><ul><li>Move </li></ul><ul><li>Copy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shortcuts <ul><li>To place a shortcut icon on the desktop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locate the folder or file in My Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If making a shortcut for an application - this will be found in Program Files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>right click the icon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select ‘Send To’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select ‘Desktop (create shortcut)’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A shortcut is now on your desktop </li></ul></ul>Photography by ISphoto Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
  7. 7. Backing Up Your Data <ul><li>It is not IF your going to have hard drive failure – rather it is WHEN </li></ul><ul><li>The data you create is PRICELESS </li></ul><ul><li>Have a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Photography by orangejack Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 Generic </li></ul>
  8. 8. Backing Up Your Data (cont.) <ul><li>Windows XP comes with a built in backup utility </li></ul><ul><li>To get to Backup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click All Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Accessories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click System Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Backup </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more info: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Disk Defragmenter <ul><li>Process that reduces the amount of fragmentation of files on our hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation occurs when the OS can’t allocate enough contiguous space to store a complete file as a unit </li></ul><ul><li>instead parts of files are stored all over your hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>Larger files, lots of files & accessing files a lot contribute to fragmentation and consequent performance loss </li></ul><ul><li>Defragmentation attempts to alleviate these problems </li></ul>
  10. 10. Disk Cleanup <ul><li>The Disk Cleanup tool helps you free up space on your hard disk by searching your disk for files that you can safely delete </li></ul><ul><li>You can choose to delete some or all of the files </li></ul>Photograhy by jpstanley Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
  11. 11. Disk Cleanup (cont.) <ul><li>You can start Disk Cleanup, by doing any of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Start , and then click Run . In the Open box, type ‘cleanmgr’, and then click OK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Start , point to All Programs , point to Accessories , point to System Tools , and then click Disk Cleanup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Windows Explorer or My Computer, right-click the disk in which you want to free up space, click Properties , click the General tab, and then click Disk Cleanup </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remove temporary Internet files </li></ul><ul><li>Remove downloaded program files. For example, ActiveX controls and Java applets that are downloaded from the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Empty the Recycle Bin </li></ul><ul><li>Remove Windows temporary files </li></ul><ul><li>Remove optional Windows components that you are not using </li></ul><ul><li>Remove installed programs that you no longer use </li></ul>For more info:
  12. 12. Running Defrag <ul><li>Open Disk Defragmenter by selecting the Start Button in the bottom left corner of your screen, and then selecting in order: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disk Defragmenter </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Automating Defrag & Cleanup <ul><li>With Scheduled Tasks, you can schedule defrag & disk cleanup to run at a time that is most convenient for you </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled Tasks starts every time that you start Windows XP and runs in the background, and it starts each task that you schedule at the time that you specify when you create the task </li></ul><ul><li>For more info: </li></ul>
  14. 14. Updating <ul><li>Operating System Updates </li></ul><ul><li>Application Updates </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Virus updates </li></ul>Photography by ISphoto Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
  15. 15. Why update? <ul><li>To fix bugs, install patches, add new features and protect your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Install updates as soon as they become available </li></ul><ul><li>OS, applications & Anti-Viruses all need to be updated regularly </li></ul>Photography by davidsonscott15 Attribution 2.0 Generic
  16. 16. Microsoft Update <ul><li>Turn on automatic updates </li></ul><ul><li>Install updates as soon as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft releases updates on Tuesdays </li></ul>Photography by timhulmephotography Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 Generic
  17. 17. Anti-Virus Updates <ul><li>It’s imperative in this day and age of instant on Internet to have an anti-virus working at ALL times! </li></ul><ul><li>Your computer is completely vulnerable without an UP TO DATE anti-virus </li></ul><ul><li>There are fantastic FREE anti-viruses! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Anti-Virus Updates (cont.) <ul><li>Your anti-virus is only as up to date as it’s definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions are used by the program to find viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions are & needed to be updated regularly </li></ul><ul><li>If your definitions are old, your anti-virus can not catch new viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>New viruses are released into the wild daily! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Anti-Virus (cont.) <ul><li>AVG </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zone Alarm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Follow what you’ve learned for a happy computer!