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World War 2 at a glance


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Overview of causes & stages of the second world war - World History perspective

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World War 2 at a glance

  1. 1. KTHS, ModernWorld History, Mr. Peal 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 1. __________________ – Many nations in central and eastern Europe were unhappy with the borders created at the ________________Peace Conference 2. _____________________ – Large countries wanted to rebuild their empires 3. ____________________ – armed forces would help them rebuild their nations and empires 3
  4. 4. 1. New borders didn’t match where national groups lived.There were …  Germans in Czechoslovakia and France  Hungarians in Romania  Ukrainians in Poland, etc. 2. Nations lost land (__________, Hungary, Austria) 3. Nations that were punished (especially Germany) 4
  5. 5. 1. Businesses, banks, and farms failed and went _____________________. 2. Millions lost their ________________. 3. Trade between countries slowed or stopped. 4. ________________leaders came to power to try to “solve” the Great Depression 1. ___________ leaders like Franklin Delano Roosevelt 2. ___________ in Japan, Germany, and Italy 5
  6. 6.  They all wanted to put people back to work.  In GERMANY, Hitler wanted to…  End _______________________  Take back __________________  Rebuild the _________________  Create a German ___________ in the East  In ITALY, Mussolini wanted  Land along the Adriatic Sea  An ____________ in Africa  In JAPAN, the army wanted  Natural resources like coal and oil  An ____________ in Asia 6
  7. 7. 7 Germany, Italy, and Japan were all…. • Fascist. Wanted to strengthen their nations, build their armies, and expand their empires. • Anti-communist. Wanted to fight communism and the Soviet Union.
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  9. 9. When Where What happened 1931 Manchuria, in China Japan takes over part of _______ to get coal. 1935 Ethiopia, in Africa Italy attacks __________ in Africa to create an empire. 1936 Rhineland, in Germany Germans take back this land from French control. 1938 Austria Germany’s ally Austria asks Germany to take over this German-speaking country. 1939 Czechoslovakia _____________ by Britain, Germans peacefully march into Czechoslovakia to “protect” the Germans there. 9
  10. 10. 10 Germany’s “peaceful” expansion in the 1930s. Without war, Germany took over the Saar, Rhineland, Austria, and parts of Czecho- slovakia.
  11. 11. When Where What happened August 1939 Moscow, USSR Stalin and Hitler make a deal to split up Poland. Sept. 1939 Poland Germany invades __________ Poland and quickly takes control. Soviets take over __________ Poland. May-June, 1939-40 Netherlands, Belgium, and France Hitler does not want a Western _________ as inWW1, so he conquers the Netherlands , Belgium, and France. July – Dec. 1940 Britain Hitler does not want to attack Britain by sea, so he attacks by air – bombing industries, ports, and cities.The Brits do not _____________.Winston Churchill is their leader. 11
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  13. 13. When Where What happened June 1941 Russia Hitler deceives __________ and launches a HUGE attack on the Soviet Union December, 1941 Pacific Ocean Japan deceives the __________ and launches a surprise attack on naval base at Pearl Harbor December 1941 United States US declares _______ on Japan, Italy, and Germany. 1942 Soviet Union German armies push deep into __________ (the Soviet Union). Early 1942 Pacific Japan takes over Burma, East Indies, and Singapore in southeastern Asia. 13
  14. 14. 14 Germany attacks the Soviet Union and starts a “race” war against Poles, Russians, and Jews
  15. 15. 15In red
  16. 16. When Where What happened May 1942 Coral Sea, Pacific In first battle with ___________________ _______________ , Americans stop Japanese for first time June 1942 Midway, Pacific Americans win a _________ victory over Japanese June 1940- May 1943 Northern Africa Allies defeat Axis in northern _____________in 1943 Feb. 1943 Stalingrad Soviets defeat German Armies at __________________. 16
  17. 17. 1942-43:The US starts turning back Japan’s conquests 17
  18. 18. When Where What happened 1943-45 Germany Britain and US launch “strategic” ______ attacks on German cities and industries ; cause great damage and lose of life. 1944 Pacific US defeat Japan in major _________ battles (Saipan, Philippines, Leyte); Japan fights on, so US plans to invade Japan. 1943, 1945 Tehran (Iran),Yalta, and Potsdam Allies meet to coordinate how to _________ Germany and how to keep ____________ afterward. Sept. 43-April 45 Italy After defeating Axis in North Africa, Americans attack Italy from south; very bloody battles in Italy last until the war is over. 18
  19. 19. 1944-45: The Allies (US and USSR) turn back Germany’s conquests in Europe 19
  20. 20. When Where What happened May 8, 1945 Germany Allies closed in from _________ and Soviets close in with great force in ________; Germans refuse to give up; after Soviets, Americans, British, and French destroyed most of Berlin, Germany _______________. August 15, 1945 Japan To end the war and prevent the deaths of American soldiers, the US decides to drop ____________ bombs on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Japanese gives up. 20
  21. 21. 800,000 pairs of shoes were found at Majdanek; they belonged to Jews who were killed there Atomic bomb Berlin, Germany Hiroshima, Japan 21
  22. 22.  Largest war in history.  55 __________________ people died.  The war was so destructive that people finally got serious about _________.Your world is somewhat safer.  The United _________________ was formed in 1945.  Countries agreed to prevent ▪ Use of atomic weapons in war ▪ Killing of innocent people as a policy (genocide)  Europe became less ________________ in world.  The United States and its democratic values became more important after 1945. 22