Eras of World History World History, 2010-11 KTHS, David Peal
Time words <ul><li>Era  – a long period of time (also know as  Age  or  Time Period ) </li></ul><ul><li>Event  – something...
How people made a living <ul><li>Foraging (hunting and gathering)  – until around 9,000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Farming  – fr...
Three Historical Eras <ul><li>1. Foraging  (until ~9,000 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ends with Neolithic Revolution </li></ul><u...
How many people on the earth? <ul><li>At the end of the …… there were ……. people in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Foraging ...
Foraging Era: Key features <ul><li>People live in family groups or small settlements.  </li></ul><ul><li>People are spread...
Foraging Era: Good times? <ul><li>Women and men do similar work and are fairly equal, except for child-bearing. </li></ul>...
Turning point: Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>Neolithic means New Stone Age. </li></ul><ul><li>A REVOLUTION is a big change!...
Where did the Neolithic Revolution take place? <ul><li>Farming developed on all continents because of general causes like ...
China Mesopotamia Aztec Egypt Greece India
Farming Era: Key features <ul><li>People start growing crops to  control  food supply. </li></ul><ul><li>They  domesticate...
Farming Era: The Bad Stuff <ul><li>Diet gets worse from Foraging to Farming Era. </li></ul><ul><li>More grains (carbohydra...
Farming Era: The Good Stuff <ul><li>People form civilizations (see map): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities are more interesting...
Turning Point: Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Remember, a revolution is a big change. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revoluti...
Industrial Era: Key Features <ul><li>Also called the Modern Era. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities grow everywhere. </li></ul><ul><...
Industrial Era: Good Stuff <ul><li>More people live longer, eat better. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods and food come from around ...
Industrial Era: Bad Stuff <ul><li>Technology is used for killing as well as helping. And technology “improves”…. </li></ul...
Some questions <ul><li>How do you experience farming in your life? </li></ul><ul><li>What foods in your house come from ou...
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Eras of world history

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Eras of world history

  1. 1. Eras of World History World History, 2010-11 KTHS, David Peal
  2. 2. Time words <ul><li>Era – a long period of time (also know as Age or Time Period ) </li></ul><ul><li>Event – something significant (important) that happens over a short period at a specific place </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point – an event after which many things change </li></ul><ul><li>BC – the years Before Christ was born (also called BCE, Before the Common Era) </li></ul><ul><li>AD – the years after Christ was born (means Anno Domini) </li></ul>
  3. 3. How people made a living <ul><li>Foraging (hunting and gathering) – until around 9,000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Farming – from around 9,000 BC until the late 1700s AD </li></ul><ul><li>Factory and other non-farming work –since the late 1700s AD (WH2) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three Historical Eras <ul><li>1. Foraging (until ~9,000 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ends with Neolithic Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming (~9,000 BC – late 1700s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>Ends with Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>3. Industrial (Since the late 1700s) </li></ul>
  5. 5. How many people on the earth? <ul><li>At the end of the …… there were ……. people in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Foraging Era…….6 MILLION </li></ul><ul><li>Farming Era … 770 MILLION (10,000 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Era … 7 BILLION (250 years) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Foraging Era: Key features <ul><li>People live in family groups or small settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>People are spread out on all continents, over large areas. </li></ul><ul><li>When they need food, they go out to look for wild food in nature – deer, fish, nuts, fruits, berries, yams, eggs, and more. They use fire to cook. </li></ul><ul><li>They couldn’t store most foods, so most people in any area have about the same amount of food. </li></ul><ul><li>They have spoken language but not written language. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Foraging Era: Good times? <ul><li>Women and men do similar work and are fairly equal, except for child-bearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Diet is pretty good – lots of protein from animals and not much carbohydrates. </li></ul><ul><li>People have more leisure (free time) </li></ul><ul><li>There are no major diseases (epidemics). </li></ul><ul><li>But…there was no understanding of diet and disease, no medicine, and people usually died before the age of 30. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Turning point: Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>Neolithic means New Stone Age. </li></ul><ul><li>A REVOLUTION is a big change! </li></ul><ul><li>Big changes occur around 9,000 years ago… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth warms up as Ice Age came to end. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate gets wetter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population increases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some places, large animals are overhunted and disappear. There are some shortages of food. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups everywhere try to grow their own food. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Where did the Neolithic Revolution take place? <ul><li>Farming developed on all continents because of general causes like global warming. (What is a cause?) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming was specially important along great rivers with moderate climates (not too hot or cold), along the 40 th degree North line of latitude. </li></ul>
  10. 10. China Mesopotamia Aztec Egypt Greece India
  11. 11. Farming Era: Key features <ul><li>People start growing crops to control food supply. </li></ul><ul><li>They domesticate goats, cows, pigs, even bees. </li></ul><ul><li>They grow more than they need (a surplus). </li></ul><ul><li>Population grows faster than ever before. </li></ul><ul><li>The first cities appear in around 3500 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone farms, so there are priests, rulers, jewelers, traders, builders, and even engineers. Some are very rich, some are very poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Living in crowded cities leads to terrible diseases. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Farming Era: The Bad Stuff <ul><li>Diet gets worse from Foraging to Farming Era. </li></ul><ul><li>More grains (carbohydrates), less protein. </li></ul><ul><li>In cities, epidemic diseases kill many people. </li></ul><ul><li>Some social groups enjoy more and better food. </li></ul><ul><li>Things get harder for women, who raise more children to work in the fields. </li></ul><ul><li>New religions focus more on life death, because THIS life becomes harder for most people. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong civilizations go to war with people nearby. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Farming Era: The Good Stuff <ul><li>People form civilizations (see map): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities are more interesting than the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are different kinds of jobs there. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and trade networks bring goods and foods from far away. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education allows people to learn from the experience of people who are no longer living. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced technology allows people to farm, write, store food, build cities. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Turning Point: Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Remember, a revolution is a big change. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch from farming starts in England. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People start making things in factories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories make things with machines that use coal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories are in cities, which grow very quickly. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Industrial Era: Key Features <ul><li>Also called the Modern Era. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities grow everywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Nations (countries) become the main unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry spreads to many countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial countries become very strong and build empires to expand power & wealth. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Industrial Era: Good Stuff <ul><li>More people live longer, eat better. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods and food come from around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>People can get information from around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Some places have little industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Science and medicine improve daily life and quality of life. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Industrial Era: Bad Stuff <ul><li>Technology is used for killing as well as helping. And technology “improves”…. </li></ul><ul><li>Extremes of rich and poor get wider. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy based on coal and oil has led to global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Global diseases like AIDS, malaria, and flu continue to kill millions of people. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Some questions <ul><li>How do you experience farming in your life? </li></ul><ul><li>What foods in your house come from outside of the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>How does technology help you? </li></ul><ul><li>Can technology not help you? </li></ul><ul><li>What country do you live in? What civilization? </li></ul>

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