Class Objectives1. Able to understand and navigate Library’s web site and locate research databases.2. Understand what Peer Reviewed articles are and know how to locate them.3. Able to distinguish between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.4. Establish a RefWorks user account and be able to import 3 sources from two different databases.5. Understand how to formulate a computer database search.6. Understand the value “Citation Searching” and be able to conduct one.
Your Library• 2 million volumes• 15,000 serials• 250 databases• 36 individual group study rooms• 3 Branch Libraries •Arch/Art •Music •Optometry
Services• Remote access– CougarNet account• Full text Journal articles• Cougar One Card• Cougar-net account• VPN account• Inter Library Loan [online]• Library Provides 500 free pages of prints• IT Central Site also 500 free prints (Library Basement – own entrance)• Free Photocopying or you can email or save on a flash drive
Peer Reviewed Articles Other experts in the field reads and reviews the article to assess professional merit• Stated in preface pages of the Journal• Contains list of cited references• Many databases provide a “peer review” or “scholarly Journal” filtering option• Popular works, such as magazine and newspaper articles, are written for the general public– and are not Peer Reviewed.
How to Distinguish Between Primary• Secondary• Tertiary•
Primary Sources• Source material that is closest to the original research.• A source with direct personal knowledge of the events being described. It serves as an original source of information about the topic. A person with direct knowledge of a situation, or a document created by such a person.• E.G. Case Reports, Clinical Trials, Original reporting articles…1st person
Secondary Sources• Cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources.• Involve generalization, analysis, synthesis, interpretation, or evaluation of the original information. If an article discusses old documents to derive a new conclusion, it is considered to be a primary source for the new conclusion• E.G. Review Articles, meta-analysis [most peer review articles report new findings and thus are considered primary resources]
Tertiary Sources• More peripheral• Bibliographies, library catalogs, directories, reading lists and survey articles.• Compilation of data…• Longer lead time in publishing..years rather than months
When Formulating Your Database Search on a Topic Think BooleanDrug Resistant Organisms—especially Malaria and Tuberculosis and in India, Asia or Africa India Malaria Drug Resistan* or or Tuberculosis Asia or 1700 or Mycobacterium Africa 2600 3000
Think BooleanDrug Resistant Organisms—especially Malaria and Tuberculosis and in India, Asia or Africa Drug Resistan* Malaria or Tuberculosis Or 12 India or Asia Mycobacterium Or Africa
Citation Searching Assumed subject relevancy between the original paper and the references that paper citese.g. Palinopsia by Bender, M.B. in Brain Volume: 91 Issue: 2 Pages: 321-338 Published: June 1968 – If we look up the list of references at the end of Charbardes article they may be useful --but the problem is that they will all be older than 1968….. And I want current articles on the topic? – So I can look for articles since 1968 who “cited” this article by doing a “citation search” – And we find the latest article was published in March 2013