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Methods In Englis Teaching


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Here you are going to find some advantages and drawbacks of each method in English as a foreing language Teaching.

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Methods In Englis Teaching

  1. 1. GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION METHOD Advantages. -Easy to learn vocabulary. (For beginners) -Study the vocabulary and grammar. Disadvantages. -The language produced is not «natural». -Too many steps in the translation. -There isn´t conversation in target language. -This method is not good for meaningful learning. -Low motivation. -Vocabulary is taught in the form of isolated word lists
  2. 2. THE DIRECT METHOD Advantages. -Teacher never translates. Always uses the target language. -The vocabulary is acquired more naturally. -It is a natural method which teaches language in the same way the mother tongue is acquired. -Lessons begin with a dialogue using a modern conversational style in the target language. Disadvantages. -Students don´t produce their own language. -Reading and writing are very few developed. -The mother tongue is NEVER used.
  3. 3. AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD Advantages. -Students develope the pronunciation and speaking ability. -They can make sentences automatically. -Students learn as if they were in a real context of the target language. Disadvantages. -Students don`t have to make mistakes, it´s not acceptable. -They have to pronounce correctly. -Very little attention is paid to communication and content.
  4. 4. TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE METHOD Advantages. -It`s fun and easy; students enjoy the class. -The teacher always uses the target language. -The learner is a listener and a performer responding to commands individually or collectively. -It builds vocabulary. Disadvantages. -Students don’t have the opportunity to express their own thoughts in a creative way. -It´s not accepted by shy guys. - Learners may not have enought vocabulary to understand some lessons.
  5. 5. SUGGESTOPEDIA METHOD Advantages. -Students remember best. -Suggestopedia encourages the students to apply language more independently. -Students are integrated as often as possible. -The mistakes of the students are tolerated. Disadvantages. -Some students don´t like to be treated like children. -It depends on the trust that students develop towards the method by simply believing that it works.
  6. 6. THE SILENT WAY METHOD Advantages. -This method encourages the creativity and discovery. -Learning is facilitated by accompanying (mediating) physical objects. -Student develop his own language. -the student has the opportunity to learn by itself, using the resources provided by the teacher. Disadvantages. -The teacher doesn´t correct the learner´s mistakes . -The students don´t develop the listening skill. -The communication is null.
  7. 7. COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING METHOD Advantages. -The vocabulary is presented in a real context. -The learners are autonomous. -There is always interaction between teacher and student. -The teacher allow the learners to determine type of conversation and to analyze the language inductively. Disadvantages. -Some students find it difficult to speak on tape. -Translation is an intricate and difficult task. -Teacher has to be highly proficient in the target language and in the language of students.