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MOSAICA: Semantically Enhanced Multifaceted Collaborative Access to Cultural Heritage


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Description of the Mosaica project that ran from 2006 to 2008 developing a toolbox of generic technologies for intelligent presentation, knowledge-based discovery, and interactive and creative educational experience covering a broad variety of diversified cultural heritages requirements.

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MOSAICA: Semantically Enhanced Multifaceted Collaborative Access to Cultural Heritage

  1. 1. MOSAICA (FP6 IST – 034984) Semantically Enhanced Multifaceted Collaborative Access to Cultural Heritage htto:// Dov Winer Israel Makash Advancing ICT Applications in Education, Culture and Science
  2. 2. MOSAICA o MOSAICA is developing a toolbox of generic technologies for intelligent presentation, knowledge- based discovery, and interactive and creative educational experience covering a broad variety of diversified cultural heritages requirements. o Jewish heritage as demonstration environment o Technology innovation in 4 areas: o Semantic annotation o Ontology alignment o Distributed content management o Geographic Information System / Temporal Information System
  3. 3. Diaspora Museum Collections
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  5. 5. YIVO Institute for Jewish Research o People of a Thousand Towns Online Photo Catalog o 17,000 photographs of Jewish life in Eastern Europe, available at: o The Story of the Jewish Labor Bund, 1897-1997 The General Jewish Workers Union of Poland and Russia ”the Bund” was founded in Vilna in 1897: o The Power of Persuasion: Jewish Posters from Prewar Poland During the interwar period, posters became a ubiquitous presence on Jewish streets. Some posters announce theater performances, sports events, and literary readings.. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (4)
  6. 6. Summary of Available Resources o JNUL (Jewish National and University Library): more than 1,200 Kettubot (Illuminated Contract Marriages); 85 recorded songs; more than 400 digitised books. Links to digital exhibitions, illuminated manuscripts and Talmudic Manuscripts. o Centropa: 1,000 biographies; 20,000 images with direct access provided to 4,693 annotated photographs by European countries; 38 historical excerpts; 14 film clips; 10 multimedia shows. o YIVO: 17 Online galleries; 107 photographs in 5 Photo Albums; link to the photo database People of a Thousand Towns, accessible online (with prior authorization), with 17,000 photos. o Spielberg Jewish Film Archive: direct access to 400 Virtual Film clips; 28 samples described in this document. The catalogue provides access to the description of more than 10,000 descriptions of film and video titles. o Dinur Centre for Jewish History: direct access to the metadata files describing resources. Central and Western Europe (244); Eastern Europe (128); Former Soviet Union (141). We provide here direct access to the 150 resources resulting from a search for Europe in the database (History 65; Holocaust 34; Communities 4; Genealogy 12; Institutions and journals 35. o Moving Here: Online museum on the immigration to England. 105 resources pertaining to the Jewish immigration presented in 7 online exhibitions. o INA – Institut National de l'Audiovisual: 363 Medias identified following a search for "Juif". Here we describe a sample of 17 of such film clips. o This document direct reference at least 8,821 Jewish Heritage Web-based resources. Indirect access at least 32,307 additional images and photos (Centropa, 15,307; YIVO, 17,000).
  7. 7. MOSAICA Present situation • Abundance of resources: WWW, digital libraries, museums, digital collections … • Basic Internet technologies • Scattered around the cyberspace • Need to know in order to find it • When you find it – need patience to appreciate it
  8. 8. o Potential consumers o Do not know enough to find o Do not have patience to enjoy it o Used to highly interactive, dynamic and vibrant interfaces o Potential providers: o Presenting limited insight o Bound to outdated technologies MOSAICA
  9. 9. MOSAICA VISION • Use technology to conceptually model cultural heritage • Base consumption on conceptual models – on knowledge • Use technology to allow storytelling – narratives • Combine multiple (distributed) resources to provide an exhaustive insight into the domain of discourse • Use technology to provide thrill
  10. 10. MOSAICA Practical Implications • Not “yellow pages” for other websites • Elementary resources from which a narrative can be created (as opposed to composite resources such as HTML pages, MS Word documents, etc.) • Facility to create narratives (Virtual Expedition) • Facilities for collaborative editing: • Online ontology editor • Semantic Annotator • Virtual Expedition Editor • Publishing in user groups • Structured authorization (Board of Editors)
  11. 11. MOSAICA way Create YOUR own narrative • Virtual Expedition editor • Tell a story • Search for resource (Semantic Search, Semantic Browsing, GIS/TIS) • Select a resource • Contribute your own resource (Semantic Annotator) • Collaborative editing – your resource reusable by others • Publish through semantic annotation Learn and enjoy • Search for concept • Understand concept • Explore • Enjoy the story – learn • Explore …
  12. 12. MOSAICA Where are we now? • Got all basic technologies together • Develop a robust architectural design • Map resources, prepare use of resources, set the foundations of conceptual modeling • (Learn the problems typical for the entire domain of discourse through hands-on experience – devise generic solutions) • Understand how conceptual modeling can be transformed into narratives • Setup the initial toolbox
  13. 13. MOSAICA • Fully develop the conceptual model for the selected domain of discourse • Integrate various technologies into a single delivery framework • Consolidate Virtual Expedition methodology into mature technology through hands-on experience • Complete the toolbox • Improve GIS/TIS (semantic enhancement), deploy P2P infrastructure • Provide the thrill • Integrate resources, resources and more resources • Understand how to do business • Vision for the future: "Each reader/viewer/ can become a creator/editor/reviewer and can feed their contribution back to the media space"
  14. 14. Partnership and Main Roles Technology • Straight Semantics • Cybercultus GIS/TIS • Inesc Porto Distributed CMS • Xlab Distributed env. Content, IPR JAFI, ORT, COI Application / Usage / Assessment Technion, ORT, SHU Idea, Cybercultus Dissemination & Use COI - Coordinator SHU – Academic ORT - Sector Management ORT
  15. 15. WP 1 Objectives o To identify Web based resources in Jewish cultural heritage. o To identify resources in Jewish cultural heritage suitable for GIS. o To negotiate access to the resources in Jewish cultural heritage with the content owners, and resolve the corresponding IPR issues. o To populate MOSAICA ontology with selected resources in Jewish cultural heritage. o To define methodology and specify interface for dynamic, online access to multiple, distributed resources in Jewish cultural heritage
  16. 16. Criteria for Selection of Web-based Resources in Jewish Heritage CULTURE Unesco definition in the Universal Declaration of Cultural Diversity QUALITY Accuracy, Clarity, Motivation GRANULARITY Intermediate level, enough to identify resource as within the scope GIS Resources which include a coordinate system or can easily be so represented. Guidelines for Entering Resources
  17. 17. CULTURE – based on Unesco Definition Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2002) o Express the distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of European Jewry (... Catalonian, Celtic, Roma, Muslim... ), and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs. o It should be of interest to a diversified European public broadly composes from different nationalities, ethnic origins, linguistic and religious affiliations.
  18. 18. QUALITY Criterion o ACCURACY o The resource should be reliable, valid and produced by a trusted source; information should be impartially presented; resource must not contain biases, mistakes or omissions. o CLARITY o There should be a clear tie between the resource and European Jewish Culture (... Catalonia, Roma, Scots, Muslims...Culture ). Correlation should be comprehensive and obvious. o MOTIVATION o The resource should achieve the active engagement of the user and be interesting and appealing.
  19. 19. GRANULARITY Criterion Intermediate level of granularity o The resources should be content chunks large just enough so as to be easily identified as being related to the intended content area. o They may be pages, video clips, text, sound and music files that clearly can be identified and described as of European Jewish Culture (... Catalonian, Celtic, Roma, Muslim... ) interest.
  20. 20. Adequacy for GIS Criterion ... _strive to include a significant share of resources which include a coordinate system which references a particular place on earth. Alternatively, resources which include clear geographical specifications that are easily amenable to representation by a coordinate system will be selected.
  21. 21. MOSAICA IPR Policy o Memorandum of Understanding – January 2007 o Respect for the Copyrights of content providers o Technological support for the expression and enforcement of rights by content providers o Guidance and support for MOSAICA content providers and users regarding IPR issues o ID 2.0 Draft: Resources for the MOSAICA IPR Policy o Role of IPR for enabling access and creative re-usage o Resources: MINERVA o Resources: European Commission Policy o Considerations in choosing a DRM solution o The Creative Commons Approach
  22. 22. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (1) o Direct access to at least 8,821 resources o Potential access to another 32,307 images and photos o Available: metadata database (MS SQL 2005) with about another 18,000 resources. Some challenges need to be overcome for its ingestion into the MOSAICA database.
  23. 23. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (2) o JNUL – Jewish National and University Library o Treasures of the Jewish People o Mahzor Nurenberg o Ketubbot (Marriage Contracts) o Digitised Books o National Sound Archives o High Holidays - Sukkot and Simhat Tora (Tabernacles) – Hannukah – Purim – Passover – Lag Baomer o Corfu-MiKamokhaiWiznitz-ShoshanatYaacov PiuteiPurim-Ancona
  24. 24. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (3) CENTROPA o Biographies: Jewish Witnesses to a European Century o Historical Reports o Film: Documentaries from Jewish Witnesses o Narrated Stories o First person stories o Multimedia – Slideshows and Photo Essays o Journeys through a Timeless Space o Annotated pictures: Jewish Witnesses to a European Century by European Countries ( more than 4,000)
  25. 25. The Spielberg Jewish Film Archive  Name: A Day in Warsaw Year: 1939 Duration: 00:09:25 Language: English Jewish life in Warsaw on the eve of World War II.  Name: A pictorial review of Kolbuszowa Year: 1930 Duration: 00:27:55 Language: English subtitles A survey of Kolbuszowa, Ranizow, Sokolow, and Rzeszow in pre-World War II Poland  Name: Ashkenazi music of the Jews from Eastern Europe Year: 1992 Duration: 00:29:15 Language: English Part of the Israel Music Heritage Project. The world of Yiddish folksongs, Klezmer music and Eastern European synagogue music. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (5)
  26. 26. Moving Here- why people came to England o Origins o Journeys o The Journey to England; Arrival in England; Responses to Mass immigration. o Settling o Background History; Accommodation; Synagogues; Everyday life; Community Support; o Growing up o Including: Jewish and Non-Jewish Schools; Youth Clubs and Organisations; Orphanages and Reform o Working Lives o Immigrant occupations in the 18th and 10th centuries; Trade Unionism and Industrial Action; Military Service in the First World War; o Culture and Festivals o Including: Religious Life; Festivals; The Cycle of Jewish Life; Food; Language; Sport; Creative Careers. o Politics o Jews and Political Life in the 18th and 19th centuries; Friendly Societies and the Workers' Circle; Zionism; D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (7)
  27. 27. INA – Institut National de l’Audiovisual 363 medias related to “Juif” o Les Juifs du Pape – La Communauté Juive de Carpentras 00h01m32s o The Jewish Community of Carpentras is on of the oldest in France. During the 12th century the Comtat (Carpentras was its capital) was transferred to the Holy See. o La Fête du Grand Pardon: Le Yom Kippour 00h03m28s o The Rabbi Shil explains the Attonement Day – Yom Kippour. Photos of Jews in a synagogue with the special clothes and sacred tools. The Shofar and the agenda of prayers and ceremonies. o Le nouvel an juif 00h02m19s o Comics animation by Sacha dedicated to the Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana. Includes an interview of the author about his illustrations of Jewish Holidays including Rosh Hashana. D1.1: Web based resources in Jewish Heritage (7)
  28. 28. Related to ONTOLOGY Development  Survey of 31 vocabularies related to Jewish Heritage  Jewish places vocabularies for GIS annotation eJewish – Yad Vashem – Mokotoff Gazeteer - Getty o Use of ontologies developed for Heritage in general CIDOC / CRM  33&Itemid=278  %20CRM.pdf  Survey of Storytelling ontologies that may support the modelling of the Virtual Expeditions
  29. 29. SEMANTIC ANNOTATION o Availability of a working version of the Semantic Annotator o Preparing the Help files o Identifying, selecting and involving Communities of Knowledge able to annotate resources of common interest e.g.: o Families, o communities, o educators on their disciplines, o BoF like Jewish Women studies etc
  30. 30. Thank you for your attention! Dov Winer phone: +972.2.6586043 fax: +972.2.6584977
  32. 32. Jewish National and University Library
  33. 33. Collaborative projects  Ketubbot Marriage contracts from 8 collections Talmudic Manuscripts  full manuscript of the Mishna  several tractates of the Babylonian Talmud Jewish National and University Library
  34. 34. • The David and Fella Shapell Foundation • National Sound Archives – 1,700 hours already available • Holy Land Maps –Jerusalem maps digitized and accessible • Albert Einstein Archives • Communal Registers of Jewish Communities • Early Hebrew Press – First six large format newspapers Jewish National and University Library
  35. 35. • Wide digitization project and several online exhibitions • Digitized 2,000,000 pages of testimony in 20 languages • 100,000 photographs • Deep Terminological Development Yad Vashem – Holocaust Memorial Authority
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Responsa: The pioneer digitisation Project
  38. 38. Central Zionist Archives
  39. 39. • Central Zionist Archives digitization – 4 million documents – 250,000 photographs – 8,000 Keren Kayemet maps – 3,000 posters • The Jewish Agency for Israel – Initiative for Developing Jewish Networking Infrastructures – Department of Education units for ICT in Education and Contact Center (Distance Education) – P2P initiatives for Jewish Museums and Theater National Institutions: Jewish Agency, WZO, Keren Kayemte
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  45. 45. US Holocaust Memorial Museum
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