Weather Catastrophes In China 1980–2010

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Weather Catastrophes In China 1980–2010

  1. 1. NatCatSERVICEWeather catastrophes in China 1980 – 2010Number of events with trend Number 60 50 40 30 20 10 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Meteorological events Hydrological events Climatological events (Storm) (Flood, mass (Extreme temperature, movement) drought, forest fire)© 2011 Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE – As at January 2011
  2. 2. NatCatSERVICESignificant weather catastrophes in China 1980 – 2010Costliest and deadliest loss events Overall Insured Period Loss event Main loss area losses* losses* Fatalities US$m, US$m original valuesJune – Sept. 1989 Floods Anhui, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, 2,700 - 3,000 Jilin, Sichuan, ZhejiangMay - Sept. 1991 Floods Huai (river), middle-lower Yangtze (river), 13,600 410 2,628 Taihu (lake). Anhui, Hubei, Jiangsu21.6 - 20.9.1993 Floods Various areas, 10 provinces affected 11,000 3,30027.6 - 13.8.1996 Floods Central China 24,000 445 3,048May - Sept. 1998 Floods Yangtze (river), Songhua (river) 30,700 1,000 4,15915.6 - 26.10.1999 Floods Anhui, Guangxi, Hangzhou, Hubei, , g , g , , 8,000 , 10 800 Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Zhuang9 -16.8.2006 Typhoon Saomai Fujian, Hubei, Jiangxi, Zhejiang 1,400 200 46018 - 20 9 2007 20.9.2007 Typhoon Wipha Fujian, Zhejiang, Fujian Zhejiang Shanghai 1,000 1 000 200 710.1 - 13.2.2008 Winter damage Anhui, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, 21,100 1,200 129 Jiangxi6-29.6.2010 Floods, landslides Yangtze region 8,000 150 260 *original values original© 2011 Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE – As at January 2011
  3. 3. NatCatSERVICENatural catastrophes in China 1980 – 2010 Percentage distribution 1,000 Loss events 148,000 Fatalities 8% 18% 3% 29% 37% 60% 37% 8% Overall losses* US$ 422bn Insured losses* US$ 6 2bn 6.2bn 9% 5% 22% 21% 23% 14% 55% 51% *in 2010 values *in 2010 values Geophysical events Meteorological events Hydrological events Climatological events (Earthquake, tsunami, (Storm) (Flood, mass movement) (Extreme temperature, volcanic eruption) drought, forest fire)© 2011 Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE – As at January 2011
  4. 4. NatCatSERVICENatural catastrophes in China 1980 – 2010 Severity of event Small-scale/Moderate/Severe loss events Major/Devastating/Great catastrophes* *Overall losses of US$ >200m (in 2010 values) and/or >100 fatalities Event type Earthquake Tropical cyclone Other storms River flood Flash flood, mass movement Climatological events (Heatwave, cold wave, wildfire, drought) Typical track direc- tions of tropical cyclones in the East and South China Seas Major rivers© 2011 Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE – As at January 2011
  5. 5. NatCatSERVICEWeather catastrophes in China 1980 – 2010 Severity of event Small-scale/Moderate/Severe loss events Major/Devastating/Great catastrophes* *Overall losses of US$ >200m (in 2010 values) and/or >100 fatalities Event type Tropical cyclone Other storms River flood Flash flood, mass movement Climatological events (Heatwave, cold wave, wildfire, drought) Typical track direc- tions of tropical cyclones in the East and South China Seas Major rivers© 2011 Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE – As at January 2011

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