Jazz A true American Art Form
Beginnings <ul><li>Originated in the late 1800s & early 1900s </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves from Africa began to play instrumen...
Dixieland <ul><li>Small bands formed from marching bands in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Travelled throughout the south to ...
Swing Music <ul><li>“ Big Bands” became popular in the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast live over radio </li></ul><ul><li...
Bebop <ul><li>Named for the sound the music made </li></ul><ul><li>Fast tempos – no longer dance music </li></ul><ul><li>“...
Cool Jazz <ul><li>Early 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Calm and smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Less dissonance & slower tempos </li></u...
Modal Jazz <ul><li>Late 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Music based on modes </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer chord changes </li></ul><ul><...
Free Jazz <ul><li>Early 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Meter, beat, & tonality begin to disappear </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial...
Post Bop <ul><li>1960s – 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Blended elements of bebop, modal jazz, & free jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Arti...
Fusion <ul><li>Late 1960s – early 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by “electric” music </li></ul><ul><li>Blend of rock &...
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Jazz - A Brief History

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Jazz - A Brief History

  1. 1. Jazz A true American Art Form
  2. 2. Beginnings <ul><li>Originated in the late 1800s & early 1900s </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves from Africa began to play instruments and sing </li></ul><ul><li>First form was called “Ragtime” </li></ul><ul><li>African American musicians began to provide music for entertainment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dixieland <ul><li>Small bands formed from marching bands in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Travelled throughout the south to play jazz music in black communities </li></ul><ul><li>Used clarinet, trombone, trumpet, & string bass </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Buddy Bolden, Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton </li></ul>
  4. 4. Swing Music <ul><li>“ Big Bands” became popular in the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast live over radio </li></ul><ul><li>Became dance music </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded instrumentation </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Count Basie </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bebop <ul><li>Named for the sound the music made </li></ul><ul><li>Fast tempos – no longer dance music </li></ul><ul><li>“ Musicians’ Music” </li></ul><ul><li>1940s-1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Used more dissonance </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Max Roach, Bud Powell </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cool Jazz <ul><li>Early 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Calm and smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Less dissonance & slower tempos </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Miles Davis, Chet Baker, Bill Evans, Stan Getz </li></ul>
  7. 7. Modal Jazz <ul><li>Late 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Music based on modes </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer chord changes </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Bill Evans </li></ul>
  8. 8. Free Jazz <ul><li>Early 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Meter, beat, & tonality begin to disappear </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial at first </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – John Coltrane, Charles Mingus, Sun Ra, Eric Dolphy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Post Bop <ul><li>1960s – 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Blended elements of bebop, modal jazz, & free jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Lee Morgan </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fusion <ul><li>Late 1960s – early 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by “electric” music </li></ul><ul><li>Blend of rock & jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Often used complex chords, beat, & melodies </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – Miles Davis, Chick Corea, Jaco Pastorius, Weather Report </li></ul>

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