Wellness Chapter 5


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Wellness Chapter 5

  1. 1. Wellness Chapter 5 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
  2. 2. <ul><li>Explanatory style – the way people perceive the events in their lives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pessimism – a tendency to view life situation with negativity and gloom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can lead to anxiety, depression, guilt, anger, or hostility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can delay healing, and worsen the course of disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimism – a tendency to expect the best possible outcome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can increase the quality and length of life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhances health </li></ul></ul></ul>Explanatory Style p. 88
  3. 3. <ul><li>Health locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that events are a consequence of one’s own actions and, thus, potentially can be controlled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control refers to how much we believe our actions can influence a situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We choose how to react and respond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that the things that happen are unrelated to one’s own behavior and are determined by outside forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that events are a consequence of one’s own actions and, thus, potentially can be controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People with a strong sense of internal control have fewer illnesses because they practice healthier behaviors </li></ul></ul></ul>Health Locus of Control pp. 88-89
  4. 4. Self-Esteem p. 89-90 <ul><li>Self-esteem – a sense of positive self-regard and self-respect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing healthy self-esteem is one of the best things a person can do for overall health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To boost your self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use affirmations – positive statements that reinforce the positive aspects of personality and experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare a list of your positive traits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Say positive things about yourself </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set positive goals, and develop a plan for accomplishing these goals; and focus on worthwhile achievements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When your “internal critic,” which is the negative inner voice in each of us, starts putting you down, tune it our. Redirect your thoughts to a situation that you handled well or something about yourself if which you’re especially proud </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Assessment 5.3, p. 103 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Fighting Spirit p. 90 <ul><li>Fighting spirit – determination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The open expression of emotions, whether negative or positive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The willingness to face problems head-on and look for solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A fighting spirit can play a major role in recovery from disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A fighting spirit can play a large role in the extent of psychological distress and facilitates vicotry over disease </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96 <ul><li>Spirituality – a belief in and a person’s relationship with a Higher Being </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spirituality enhances meaning and purpose in life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spiritual health – dimension of health related to a person’s moral or religious nature; a relationship with a higher being </li></ul><ul><li>Religion and Religious Practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The system of how to know God, accompanied by rituals and places of worship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who are strongly affiliated with a place of worship generally enjoy better health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prayer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer means communication with a Higher Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meditation means to sit quietly while focusing on breathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer/meditation has a beneficial physiological effects on the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer/meditation body to enter a state of relaxation, called the relaxation response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contentment – feeling satisfied, pleased, and happy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people inwardly long for enduring contentment – a deep-down, soul-satisfying peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with true contentment have inner harmony because they feel loved </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96 <ul><li>Forgiveness – the ability to release from the mind all past hurts and failures, all sense of guilt and loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A negative bitter attitude is harmful emotionally and physically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forgiving people have an increased sense of control and reduced biological symptoms of stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE: forgiveness does NOT mean denying, ignoring, or tolerating the offense; rather forgivers release all negative thoughts and feelings they otherwise might hold toward someone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altruism – the act of giving of oneself out of a genuine concern for other people; unselfish devotion to the interests and welfare of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteerism – altruistic people often engage in volunteer work, with the side benefit of better health, fewer visits to the doctor, and fewer medical complaints than others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteering can bring tremendous health benefits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Random acts of kindness – to engage in behavior that helps another person </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96 <ul><li>Faith – belief and trust in God or something that can’t be proved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is associated with an optimistic life orientation, social support, high resilience to stress, and low levels of anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devoutly faithful groups of people have lower blood pressure than those who lacks faith </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hope – Positive anticipation and expectation, characterized by optimism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope promotes health and healing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope causes specific electrochemical changes in the body that benefit the strength of the immune system and the workings of the organs </li></ul></ul>