Christmas is coming!christmas is here!


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Christmas is coming!christmas is here!

  1. 1. Christmas is a truly magical The last Sunday of the Church Year,season, bringing families and friends or the Sunday before Advent, is oftentogether to share the much loved called Stir-up Sunday. It’s thecustoms and traditions which have been traditional day for everyone in thearound for centuries. Most people are on family to take a turn at stirring theholiday in England and stay at home with Christmas pudding, whilst making atheir family on Christmas day. wish. Before Christmas puddings were sold ready-made in foil containers, they were always made Christmas at home. On Stir-up Sunday families returned from Church and gave the Christmas is the time when pudding its traditional lucky stir. Christians around the world celebrate the birth of Jesus. Children chanted his rhyme: Jesus is the Reason for the Stir up, we beseech thee, Season, it is HIStory! The pudding in the pot; And when we get homeEvery year in December we celebrate the Well eat the lot.birthday of Jesus Christ. That is why wecall this time of year Christmas - wecelebrate the Mass, or church service,for Christ. The word Christmas (orChrists Mass) comes from the OldEnglish name Cristes Maesse - Christs Advent is a term from the Latin wordMass - and is the celebration of the birth adventus which means "arrival".of Jesus. The first recorded observanceoccurred in Rome in AD360, but it wasntuntil AD440 that the Christian Church It is a time of waiting for the arrival offixed a celebration date of December 25. Christmas, the coming of Jesus to earth when he was born as a baby at Bethlehem about two thousand years ago. Did you know? The abbreviation for Christmas Advent begins on the Sunday nearest to to Xmas is derived from the 30th November (St. Andrews Day) and Greek alphabet. X is the letter lasts until midnight on Christmas Eve. Chi, which is the first letter of Advent Sunday is the first of the four Christs name in the Greek Sundays before the 25th alphabet. December. During the season of Christmas in England Advent, Christians across the world prepare for the celebration of theChristmas is celebrated on the 25th arrival of the Lord into the world throughof December in England, with a the birth of his Son Jesus Christ. Advent isChristmas dinner for the whole a time to celebrate light in the midst offamily. During the weeks beforeChristmas Day, we send cards, watch darkness. It is also a time to look forwardnativity plays and go to carol to when Jesus will come a second We also decorate our The beginning of Advent is when thehomes and churches with green preparations for Christmas really beginleaves, paper decorations and - the festive menu is planned, gifts arecolourful electric lights. Christmas chosen and wrapped, carols sung, cardshas been celebrated in England for are written and posted and housesthousands of years. According tolegend, King Arthur made merry in decorated.York in 521 surrounded by"minstrels, gleemen, harpers, pipe-players, jugglers, and dancers." Stir-up Sunday 1
  2. 2. The Advent Wreath Children’s Advent Calendar is the widely It starts on the first day of December. The calendars are a fun way to help recognized symbol of children to know when Christmas Eve will Advent. The wreath is arrive, an important night for them because made of a circle of Father Christmas will visit them bringing evergreen branches laid gifts. flat to symbolize eternal An Advent calendar is a poster or card with life. Four candles twenty-four small doors, one to be opened (traditionally red) stand each day from December 1 until Christmasin the circle and each one represents one Eve. Each door conceals a picture ofof the four Sundays of Advent. In the something linked with this time of year. One may show an angel or one of thecentre of the circle is a fifth candle shepherds who visited baby Jesus. Others(traditionally white), the Christ Candle, may show pictures of Christmas presents, awhich is lit on Christmas Day. The circle candle or anything else to do with Christmas. The last window to be openedof the wreath reminds Christians of usually shows Jesus himself, lying in aGod, His eternity and endless mercy, manger. Every morning children open 1which has no beginning or end. The window of the calendar to see a prettygreen of the wreath speaks of the hope picture or find a chocolate inside.that Christians have in God, the hope of This popular tradition arose innewness, of renewal, of eternal life. Germany in the late 1800s and soonCandles symbolise the light of God coming spread throughout Europe and Northinto the world through the birth of His America. Originally, the images inson, Jesus. The candles in the Advent Advent calendars were derived from the Hebrew Bible.wreath symbolise hope, peace, joy andlove. A fifth candle is placed inside theAdvent wreath. This candle is lit onChristmas Day. It is white, the colourassociated with angels and the birth of in a circle," and from the Old French wordJesus. carole, meaning "a song to accompany dancing." The traditionCarolling (singing carols in the of carol singers going from door tostreet) is one of the oldest customs door came about because theyin Great Britain, going back to the were banned from churches in theMiddle Ages when beggars, seeking Middle Ages. People today still gofood, money, or drink, would carol singing from house to house,wander the streets singing holiday collecting money for charity. Thesongs. In the Middle Ages, carols traditional period to sing carolswere dances accompanied by singing. It is was from St Thomass Daythought that they were introduced to (December 21) until the morning ofEngland from France. Over the years, the Christmas Day. Christmas carols wereword carol changed its meaning, referring banned between 1647 and 1660 in England by Oliver Cromwell who thought thatonly to certain kinds of songs, the word Christmas should be a solemn day.carol became known as Christmas songs.The word carol comes from the ancientGreek choros, which means "dancingThe first sign of Christmas in a Britishhome is the childrens advent calendar. 2
  3. 3. What is a Nativity Play?At Christmas time, it is traditional inEngland for Primary schools to put on aNativity play. The Nativity Play recreatesthe scene of Jesus’ birth in the stable andtells of how Mary and Joseph were visitedby the Shepherds and Wise Men. The partsof Mary, Joseph, the Shepherds and theWise Men are played by the children. StFrancis of Assisi is said to have created thefirst Nativity performance in Italy in about1223. In those days, many people wereunable to read or write so they couldntread the Christmas story in the biblethemselves. Also many of the churchservices were in Latin which they didntunderstand. St Francis decided to changeall that. He wanted not only to tell the storyof the first Christmas but to show peoplewhat it must have been like on that night inBethlehem when Jesus what born so he setup a nativity scene. He got hold of somelive animals, a manger and some hay. Thenhe asked people from his village to take theparts of Mary and Joseph and theShepherds. Evergreen is a symbol of life. Ancient people were fascinated by the way evergreens stayed green through all the bleak days of winter. It proved to them that these trees were still alive and reminded them that spring would come again 3
  4. 4. green are theThe most Famous Christmas Tree in Britain. traditional colours of Christmas. Green In London, near the statue of Lord represents the continuance of life Nelson in Trafalgar Square, a giant Christmas tree is set up and through the winter and the Christian decorated with great ceremony each belief in eternal life through Jesus.year. The tree is a thank you gift from the people of Oslo, Norway. During Red symbolizes the blood that Jesus the Second World War, King Haakon shed at His Crucifixion. People will also of Norway was forced into exile inEngland when the Germans occupied hang greenery around the house, such his country. Since 1947, Norway has as holly and ivy. The needlelike points expressed its thanks for the help of the British people by continuing to of holly leaves are thought to resemble send a huge Norwegian spruce to be the crown of thorns that Jesus wore shared by all. when He was crucified. The red berries symbolise the drops of blood Jesus shed.Traditional Decorations Preparingfor Christmas DayIn the weeks leading up to and duringChristmas, people hang decorations intheir homes. These decorations aremade of coloured paper or foil. Red and MistletoeThe Druids, who lived in Britain in pre-Christian times, are responsible for the use of mistletoeat Christmas. They worshipped the oak tree and as mistletoe grew on oak trees they regardedit as a very special plant and thought it possessed magical qualities that kept the sleeping oakalive during the cold winter days. They believed chopping down an oaktree covered in mistletoe promised death to the woodcutter within the year.Kissing under the MistletoeThe Druids dedicated mistletoe to the Goddess of Love, which explains the kissing that goeson under it. Originally, when a boy kissed a girl, he plucked a berry from the cluster andpresented it to her. When the berries were gone, so were the kisses. Holly The Holly, from ancient times, was used by people in Britain to protect their homes from evil spirits. Witches and warlocks are said to be deterred from entering by the hollys prickly leaves and also by its reputation for holiness (the word "holly" comes from holy). It is bad luck to bring holly or ivy into the house before 24 December. Poinsettias are traditional Christmas plants. Did you know? When Trees were people shop decorated with for turkeys, apples, cakes and crackers sweets for many centuries. 4
  5. 5. and presents, they also pick up a poinsettia. Their vivid red bracts (leaves) have becomeassociated with Santas coat and robins breasts.Poinsettias are native to Mexico, where the Aztecs used them in the 14th, 15th, and 16thcenturies both for medicinal purposes and for making dye. Ivy Why is the Poinsettia plant connected with Christmas? The Christmas connection to poinsettias comes from a Mexican legend which tells of a poor girl who dreams of bringing a beautiful gift to favour the Virgin Mary for a Christmas Eve service, yet has nothing worthy. On the way to Church, she meets an angel whotells her to pick some weeds. She kneels by the roadside and, despite her protests that theyare far from desirable, gathers a handful of common weeds and makes her way to a smallchapel where she places her offering on the altar.The moment she does, they burst into blooms of brilliant red poinsettias and her sorrow turns to joy. The Mexicans renamed it Flor de Nochebuena (Christmas Eve Flower). Decorations on Christmas Trees The Christmas trees, during the Victorian which proved to be very times, were decorated popular. with candles to remind children of the stars Today, Christmas trees are in the sky at the time of the birth of Jesus. decorated with tinsel, lights Using candles was, of course, a great fire and small ornaments which hazard. Christmas trees were also hang from the branches. decorated with candies and cakes hung Chocolate coins or chocolate with ribbon. In 1880 Woolworths first sold shapes are also hung on the manufactured Christmas tree ornaments Christmas tree and the 5
  6. 6. presents are put under the tree. An angel Who was the real Fatheror star is usually put on the very top of the Christmas?tree. Father Christmas is based on a real person, St. Nicholas. St. Yule Log Nicholas, or Sinter Klaas in Dutch, was a very shy manIt is traditional to light a special Yule log and wanted to give money toon Christmas Eve and keep it burning poor people without themthrough the 12 nights of Christmas until knowing about it. It is saidTwelfth Night. that one day, he climbed the roof of a house and dropped a purse of money down the Yule is an old word for the winter chimney. It landed in thefestival, dating back to Viking times stocking which a girl had put to dry by the fire! This mayTraditionally, a large log would be selected explain the belief that Fatherin the forest on Christmas Eve, decorated Christmas comes down thewith ribbons, dragged home and laid upon chimney and places gifts inthe hearth. After lighting, it was kept childrens stockings. When theburning throughout the twelve days of Dutch introduded Sinter KlaasChristmas. to the Americans, they called him Santa Claus. Why?The Celts believed that, for twelve days at What are the differentthe end of December, the sun stood still. If names of Father Christmas?they could keep Yule logs burning bright for Father Christmas is calledthose twelve days, then the sun would be different names around thepersuaded to move again, and make the world.days grow longer. Austria: Christkind ("ChristFather Christmas child") Belgium: Sinterklaas Denmark: Julemanden White Christmas by Irving Berlin is Finland: Joulupukki France: the biggest-selling Christmas song of Père Noël Germany: all time. It is estimated to have sold Weihnachtsmann Hungary: approximately 350 million copies on Mikulás ("Nicholas"); record and sheet music. Jézuska Italy: Babbo Natale; La Befana Norway:Who is Father Christmas? Julenissen Portugal: PaiFather Christmas is our version of Santa Natal Russia: Ded Moroz,Claus. He is an old jolly man with white "Grandfather Frost” Spain:hair, a beard and a moustache. He is Papa Noel Sweden:dressed in a red* suit outlined in white.Father Christmas and his elves make all thetoys for Christmas in his home in the NorthPole. Jultomten United Kingdom: Father Christmas; Santa*The red coat is new. Images of Father ClausChristmas prior to about 1880 most CHRISTMAS EVE: Christmas Evepictures showed him with a green coat. is an exciting time when weThe red became the most popular colour organise our presents. Families go to church and sing carols. Justafter the US introduction by Coca Cola before we go to bed, we leave onduring the 1930s. the doorstep a mince pie and a carrot. We do this so Santa and 6
  7. 7. Rudolph can eat them. three oclock in the afternoon,By Helen aged 8 the Queen gives her Christmas Message to the nation which isCHRISTMAS DAY: Father Christmas comes to broadcast on radio andvisit us with presents (thats only if you are good). television. The QueensWe leave Father Christmas a mince pie for him message is also broadcastand a couple of carrots for his reindeers. You throughout the Britishdont have to give him a mince pie or a carrot Commonwealth. The custombecause you can give him anything. If you think was begun by King George Vhe gets very thirsty, maybe leave him a glass of in 1932.milk and a couple of big bowls of water for hisreindeers.Hannah aged 8 Probably the most famous carol service is The Festival of Nine LessonsThe carol Silent Night was written in and Carols held in Kings College Chapel, Cambridge. It takes place on1818, by an Austrian priest Joseph Mohr. Christmas Eve and always beginsHe was told the day before Christmas with the carol, Once in Royalthat the church organ was broken and Davids City sung by a solowould not be prepared in time for chorister.Christmas Eve. He was saddened by thisand could not think of Christmas withoutmusic, so he wanted to write a carol that Traditional Christmascould be sung by choir to guitar music. He dinner is the main Christmassat down and wrote three stanzas. Laterthat night the people in the little meal and it is usually eaten atAustrian Church sang "Stille Nacht" for mid-day or early afternoon. Itthe first time. The first instrument on includes roast turkey, brusselswhich the carol "Silent Night" was played sprouts, roast potatoes,was a guitar. cranberry sauce, rich nutty stuffing, tiny sausages Christmas Day wrapped in bacon and lashings of hot gravy. For puddingThis is the favourite day of all children. (dessert) theres always aThey wake up very early in the morning tofind their stockings have been filled byFather Christmas and excitedly unwrap the with rich, fruity puddingpresents before going down to breakfast.Family presents are opened either late raisins, nuts andmorning or during the afternoon under theChristmas tree.The tradition of giving gifts cherries which you douseis thought to be related to the gifts that the in flaming brandy – said towise men (the Magi) brought to Jesus. ward off evil spirits. Christmas pudding is servedChurch ServicesMany people will go to church to sing carols with custard or brandy sauce.and to celebrate the birth of Jesus on Brandy is often poured overChristmas Day. the pudding, which is then set a light as it is carried to the table. The lights are turnedThe Queens Speech off so people can see theA traditional feature of Christmas afternoon flames. Traditionally silveris the Queens Christmas Message. At coins were hidden in it. A 7
  8. 8. silver coin brought good fortune to Store in a cool cupboard until Christmas Day.whoever was lucky enough to find it whenthe pudding was cut. To serve the pudding on Christmas Day, steam for 2 hours and serve with brandy butter, rum sauce, cream or home-made custard. Christmas Pudding Recipe The Christmas pudding Ingredients known today began life as 225g/8oz golden Christmas porridge called caster sugar Frumenty, a dish made of 225g/8oz vegetarian wheat or corn boiled up in suet milk. As time went on, 340g/12oz sultanas other ingredients, such as 340g/12oz raisins dried plums or prunes, 225g/8oz currants eggs, and lumps of meat 120g/4oz chopped were added to make it candied peel more interesting. The120g/4oz plain flour traditional time for making120g/4oz fresh white breadcrumbs a Christmas pudding is on60g/2oz flaked almonds Stir up Sunday at theZest of 1 lemon beginning of advent. A5 eggs, beaten proper Christmas pudding1level tsp ground cinnamon is always stirred from East1level tsp mixed spice to West in honour of the1 level tsp freshly grated nutmeg three Wise Men andPinch of salt traditionally made with 13150ml/5fl oz brandy or rum ingredients to represent Christ and His Disciples.Mix together all the dry ingredients. Every member of the familyStir in the eggs and brandy and mix must give the pudding athrough well. stir and make a secretTurn the mix into 4x1pint or 2x2 pint wish.lightly-greased pudding basins.Put a circle of baking parchment and foilover the top of each basin and tie securelywith string. ChristmasMake a string handle from one side of the Crackersbasin to the other so its easier to pick the Traditionally abasin out of the pan after cooking. Christmas cracker isPut the basins in a large steamer of boiling placed next to eachwater and cover with a lid. plate on theBoil for 5-6 hours, topping the boiling water Christmas dinnerup from time to time if necessary. table. A Christmas Cracker is a brightly coloured paperIf you dont have a steamer, put the basins tube, twisted at both a large pan on inverted saucers on the There is a banger inside thebase. Pour in boiling water to come a third cracker and when it is pulledof the way up the sides of the pudding by two people, the crackerbowls. Cover and steam as before. Cool. snaps in half making a loudChange the baking parchment and foil bang. Inside the cracker therecovers for fresh ones and tie up as before. is a paper crown made from 8
  9. 9. tissue paper, a joke on a slip of paper and Mince pies became a regulara little gift. part of Christmas celebrations as early as the 16th century How to pull a cracker (Tudor times), when minceThe traditional way to pull a cracker is pies were coffin or cradlecrossing your arms and pulling a whole shaped, rather than round ascircle of crackers all around the table. they are now. At that time,Everyone holds their crack in their they contained quite a bit ofright hand and pulls their neighbours shredded meat in addition tocracker with the free left hand. the usual melange of dried fruits. History of Christmas Crackers The crusaders returned from Christmas crackers were invented by the Holy Land with spices, and Thomas Smith in 1846. During it was deemed appropriate to a visit to Paris he came across celebrate Christ’s birthday with the bob-bon, a sugar almond a pie containing spices from wrapped in tissue paper (with a his native land. It was twist either side of the centrally important to add three spices placed sweet). Thomas decided to try (cinnamon, cloves and selling similarly wrapped sweets in nutmeg) for the three gifts the lead up to Christmas in England. given to the Christ child by the Magi. SuperstitionMince Pies It was In Ireland, 26th December is known as "St Stephens Day" thought rather than "Boxing Day", andMince pies are an lucky to is famous for its "Wren Boys".essential part of eat oneChristmas. They mince pieare small pies, on each of the twelve days ofusually between 2 Christmas (ending withand 3 inches in Epiphany, the 6th of January).diameter (5-7.5 Alternatively to refuse onecentimetres), filled with mincemeat would lead to bad luck. The(minced fruit). mince meat mixture should only be stirred in a clockwiseThe filling is a mixture of raisins, sultanas, direction. To stir itapricots, glace cherries, candied citrus peel, anticlockwise is to bring badapples, various types of nuts and mixed luck for the coming year. Aspices typically nutmeg and cinnamon. wish should be made whilst eating ones first mince pie ofMince pies should traditionally have a star the festive season, and minceon top, to represent the Christmas Star pies should always be eaten inwhich some believe led the shepherds and silence.Magi to the baby Jesus in Bethlehem.Father Christmas and Mince PiesMince pies are a favourite food of Father Boxing DayChristmas. Children leave one or two mincepies on a plate at the foot of the chimney Boxing Day is the following(along with a small glass of brandy, sherry day after Christmas Day. Theor milk, and a carrot for the reindeer) as athank you for filling their stockings. name of the day goes back to medieval times, more than 800 years ago, when alms History of Mince Pies 9
  10. 10. boxes were placed at the back of every Eventually the hunters hopechurch to collect money for the poor. the fox will be so tired that theTraditionally, it is on this day that the alms dogs will be able to catch itbox at every English church is opened and and kill it.the contents are distributed to the poor. In recent times, some shopsHistorians say the holiday developedbecause servants were required to work on have broken from tradition andChristmas Day, but took the following day started opening on Boxing Dayoff. As servants prepared to leave to visit to start the New Year sales.their families, their employers would Hundreds of people now spendpresent them with Christmas boxes. Boxing Day morning in queues outside shops, waiting to be theDuring the late 18th century, Lords and first to dive for the sales racks asLadies of the manor would "box up" theirleftover food, or sometimes gifts and the doors opened.distribute them the day after Christmas totenants who lived and worked on theirlands. WrenThe tradition of giving money still continues Boystoday. It is customary for householders togive small gifts or monetary tips to regular Manyvisiting trades people (the milkman, years agodustman, coalman, paper boy etc.) and, in the Wrensome work places, for employers to give a BoysChristmas bonus to employees. would go out on St Stephens Day, catch aFamily Time wren and kill it by throwing stones at it, just as StTraditionally, Boxing Day is the day when Stephen was stoned tofamilies get together. It is a day of death. Then they would blacken their faces with burnt cork, Did you know? tie the Animals are not mentioned in the dead bible stories about Christmas. It wren all started twelve hundred years to a after the birth of Christ when a pole carol described how the donkey and carried Mary to Bethlehem and parade the other animals looked after her and the new baby in the stable.watching sports and playing board gameswith the family. around the town with it, knocking at all the houses for money. Boxing Day Hunts Nowadays the "Wren Boys"Traditionally Boxing Day is a day for fox just go round our town inhunting. Horse riders dressed in red and fancy dress (usually thewhite riding gear, accompanied by a men wear womens dressesnumber of dogs called foxhounds, chase and wigs), carrying athe fox through the countryside in the stuffed bird in a cage,hope of tiring it out. 10
  11. 11. singing carols and collecting money for How can you bring Santacharity. home? All you need is some magic reindeer food! Sprinkle on the lawn at night, The moon will make it sparkle bright.The Mummers Plays Santa’s reindeer fly and roam, This will guide them to your home!Mumming plays are one of theoldest surviving features of thetraditional English Christmas. Mumminggoes back for over a thousand years, and RECIPE FOR MAGICthe plays are intended to show the struggle REINDEER FOOD 1between good and evil. Coloured crystal sugar (cakeThe characters vary from play to play, decorating sugar)although the hero is always St George, Dried apple sliceswho fights with the power of evil Nutmegtraditionally represented by the Turkish Cinnamon sticksKnight. ClovesAnother important character is the doctor, Putwho is called upon to revive the woundedSt George with his magic potions.Two other figures appear in mostmummers plays. One is FatherChristmas. The other is Johnny Jack.Johnny Jacks job was to appear at the endof the play to ask for money. His costumewas usually hung with a number of ragdolls to represent his many children and toappeal to the rich for charity at Christmas ingredients together in a bowltime. and mix. On Christmas Eve, sprinkle on your lawn to help Santas reindeer find your house.PantomimesA pantomime is atraditional British RECIPE FOR MAGICChristmas play. Theyare an important part of REINDEER FOOD 2our Christmasfestivities. They traditionally start on Mix bird seed, dry oatmeal orBoxing Day and run for two or three cereal (such as cheerios, ricemonths in theatres around the country. krispies, or grape nuts flakes),Nowadays, pantomimes are great family and red or green coloured sugarentertainments and pop stars, comedians, crystalssports people and TV personalities oftentake part in them. Note: these recipes are safer for birds- and small children- than recipes using glitter. 11
  12. 12. Knock, knock. Q. What goes OH, OH, OH?Whos there? A. Santa walkingMary. backwards!Mary who?Mary Christmas!Q. What did Santa Claus say to Mrs.Claus when he looked out the window?A. It looks like rain, dear! (rein-deer) Q. Why did Santa push his bed into the fireplace? A. He wanted to sleep like a log! BETHANY ROBERTSTWELVE DAYS OF TONGUE TWISTERS copyright Bethany Roberts, 2001 LEGEND OF THE BIRDS A French legend Can you say these ten times fast? adapted by Patsy picks pretty papered packages. Bethany Roberts Mindy merrily mixes mincemeat. Clever Carol carries crimson candles Long, long ago, on that firstcarefully Christmas Eve, Raven was flying near Bethlehem. Suddenly, a great host of angels was flying beside him. Crafty Cliff cuts and crayons Christmas "Caw!" cried Raven in hiscards. harsh voice. "What is happening?" Tim trims the treetop, treetop, treetop! "We bring great news!" an angel told him. "The Christ Bakers bake bright, blue bells. Child has been born today in a manger in Bethlehem. Go and Snow slows Santas sleigh. tell all the other birds!" Raven called all the other birds and told them what the angel had Santa stuffs six striped stockings. said. "We must go and see the Babe," said Raven. As he spoke these words, Ravens raspy voice was suddenly asQ. What do snowmen eat for sweet as a songbirds.breakfast? "Who? Who?" said Owl.A. Snowflakes! "Who is this Savior?" Owl refused to go, and to this day,Q. What do snowmen eat for lunch? he is still saying, "Who?A. Iceburgers! Who?" But the other birds quickly flewQ. What do monkeys sing at to Bethlehem to see the new-Christmas? A. Jungle Bells! born King. Wren wove a soft 12
  13. 13. blanket of feathers and moss for the baby.Because of this, she is called la poulette deDieu, Gods little chicken. Rooster crowed Q. What is the differenceat daybreak to announce the Babys birth. between the alphabet andBut instead of his usual cock-a-doodle-doo, the Christmas alphabet?he sang, "Christus natus est!" which means A. The Christmas alphabet"Christ is born! Nightingale, with her has No L! (Noel)beautiful voice, sang a glorious lullaby tothe Baby. Little brown Robin wanted togive the Christ Child a gift, too. He couldntweave like Wren. He couldnt crow likeRooster. He couldnt sing like Nightingale.But Robin could fan the flames of the fire,to keep the Baby warm. He stayed so long,and so close to the flames, that he singedhis breast feathers. That is why, to thisvery day, Robin has a red breast. Q. What do you call a flamingo at the North Pole?Q. What A. Lost!is the end of Christmas?A. The letter s! Q. Who delivers presents to good little baby sharks atQ. What kind of ball doesnt bounce? Christmas?A. A snowball! A. Santa Jaws! Q. What did the big candle LEGEND OF say toTHE FIRST CHRISTMAS TREE the little candle?A German Legent A. Im going out tonight!One wintry MY RIDE WITH SANTAChristmas Eve,Martin Luther was by Emily, agetravelling home 8through the woods. Above the trees, over theIt was a clear, starry night, and the stars roof,sparkled through the branches of thetowering evergreen trees. Im going to help Santa steer!Martin Luther was amazed by the beauty of Between the mountains, underthe sight, and wished his wife and children the bridge,could see it. So he cut down a small firtree and brought it into his house. Then Whoops! Am I too near?he put candles on the tree branches to Around a corner, into a cloud,shine like stars. fly fast you fleet-footed"Come see," he called to his wife and deer!children. "This is how the stars shonedown on Bethlehem long ago, when Jesus Under the moon, around awas born." star, listen can you hear?And that was the very first Christmas Beneath the bells, past thetree. brook, 13
  14. 14. the nights so cold and clear. ThisBack down the chimney, and into bed. ChristmasCan I help again next year? End a quarrel!! Make a friend out of An enemy. Love aChristmas is a soft warm glow neighbour.Children playing in the snow Have a big BLAST!Decorations on the tree Ashley, age 12Put on there by Mom and MeCandy canes red and whiteA letter to Santa I did write Christmas is like love thatSugar cookies in a row came from above and goes inChristmas is a soft warm glow. every heart.Lisa, age 12 Thats Christmas to me. The goose is getting fat, Brittany, age 11 Please to put a penny in an old mans hat. Christmas is If you havent got a penny, when you A half-penny will do, celebrate If you havent got a half-penny, love. Annie, God bless you! age 5 We have been helping with the cake, Christmas is a gift from the And licking out the pan, heart! And wrapping up our packages, As neatly as we can. We have hung our stockings up, Alysha, age 10 Beside the open grate. And now theres nothing more to do, Somehow, not only for Except To Wait. Christmas, But all the long year through, The joy that you give toCHRISTMAS TO ME othersby Meagan, age 10 Is the joy that comes backCHRISTMAS TO ME IS A TIME TO to you;CARE, And the more you spend inAND TIME TO LOVE blessingAND IT REMINDS ME OF A SWIMMING The poor and lonely and sad,DOVE, The more of your heartsIT MAKES ME FEEL SO FULL OF LOVE possessing Returns to make you glad. 14
  15. 15. Christmas Alphabet author unknownA for the Animals, out in the stableB for the Baby in the manger cradle,C for the Carollers, happy and gay, D for December, the 25th day, E for the Eve when were all so excited,F for the Fun when the Christmas trees lighted,G for the Goose, so round and so fat,H for the Holly and Santas red hat,I for the Ice on snow-covered hills, where sledding is fun, in spite of the spills,J is for Jesus, the Christ child so dear,we honour His birth on Christmas eachyear,K for the Kitchen where Mom cooks the feast,L for the Light shining way in the East,M for the Mistletoe. Watch where it hangs!N is the Noel the angels first sang, 15
  16. 16. O for the Ornaments trimming the tree,P for the Presents, for you and me,Q for the Quaking of shepherds in fear, when the bright angelsbrought them the words of good cheer, R for the Reindeer, leaping the roofs, S for the Stockings that Santa Claus stuffs, T for the Toys, the Tinsel, the Tree,U is for Us- the whole family,V is for Visitors, friends far and near,W is for Welcoming wreaths on the wall,X is for Xmas, with pleasures for all,Y is for Yule logs whose bright sparks fly high, to give a warm welcome tofriends passing by,Z is for Zeal we show at this time in giving to others and loving mankind. 16
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  18. 18. You can find more of these interesting Christmas materials for your students in 18
  19. 19. Roast Christmas TurkeyIngredients1 quantity of bread andtarragon orange stuffing4 kilogram turkey2 tablespoon olive oil4 sprigs of thyme, finely choppedsalt and freshly ground black pepper1 large brown onion, cut into 6 pieces1 large carrot, diced2 tablespoon brandy1 cup dry white wine2 cups chicken stock or water2 teaspoon corn flour mixed with 2 tbsp water2 tablespoon chopped parsley, tarragon or basilYou may wish to cover the turkey breast with thin slices of bacon to keep it moister andfor extra flavour.Preheat oven to 150°C.Place three-quarters of the stuffing inside the clean, empty cavity of the turkey. Placeremaining stuffing in the wishbone cavity under the skin and neck. Truss the thighs withkitchen string to hold the stuffing inside.Mix olive oil with thyme and a little salt and pepper and brush turkey with it. Place turkeyon its side on an oven rack placed in your largest roasting tray. Roast in preheated ovenfor about 45 minutes then turn onto the other side. Add onion and carrot to roasting trayand roast for a further 45 minutes. Turn turkey onto its back, baste with cooking juicesand cook for a further 30-40 minutes.Transfer turkey to a large serving dish; cover with foil and leave to rest for at least 15minutes or until ready to serve.Meanwhile, drain fat from roasting tray and place tray on medium heat on top of thestove.Add brandy and stir with onion and carrot. Add wine and bring to the boil. Add stock,bring to a simmer and simmer for five minutes. Strain sauce into a small saucepan,discarding onion and carrot. Bring sauce to the boil then whisk in diluted corn flour tothicken sauce. Season with salt and pepper and stir in parsley.Detach turkey legs. Thinly slice the breast then cut the thighs and drumsticks into smallpieces. Pour a little gravy into a roasting tray. Place slices of turkey breast in tray andtop with some stuffing. Then arrange pieces of thigh and drumstick on top. Spoon moregravy over and cover with foil. Reheat in preheated oven at 150°C for about 25 minutes. Enjoy this Christmas turkey recipe. Did you know? *Henry VIII was the first person to eat turkey on Christmas Day.*Around 10 19
  20. 20. million turkeys are consumed in the UK each year.*For 87% of people in the UK, Christmas wouldnt be Christmas without a traditional roast turkey. Basic Cookie Dough Recipe1/2 cup (or 1 stick) butter (or margarine) at room temperature1/2 cup brown sugar, lightly packed2 tablespoons sugar1/2 teaspoon baking powder1 large egg1 teaspoon vanilla extract1 1/2 cups all-purpose flourIn a large bowl, combine all the ingredients except the flour. Beat with an electricmixer, scraping the sides of the bowl several times, until the mixture is light andfluffy. With mixer at a low speed, add the flour gradually, beating just untileverything is well blended. Place the mixture on a baking sheet using atablespoon measure and press down with a spoon to flatten a bit. Or roll our andcut into shapes with a cookie cutter. Bake at 350ºF for about 12 to 15 minutes,until golden. This basic cookie mixture is also the base for the following cookierecipe (all baked in a preheated oven at 350ºF).Orange Cookies(Makes about 32)Add 1 tablespoon of grated orange zest to the recipe.Shape into a log that is about 1 1/2" in diameter and refrigerate for 4 hours. Slicedough into 1/4" thick slices. Place on cookie sheet. Cookies can be decorated withcandies, rolled in coloured sugar, or cut into pretty holiday shapes before baking.Bake in preheated oven for 12-15 minutes, until lightly browned. Christmas Pumpkin PieIngredients:1 (9 inch) unbaked deep dish pie crust • 3/4 cup white sugar • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves • 2 eggs • 1 (15 ounce) can LIBBYS® 100% Pure Pumpkin 20
  21. 21. • 1 (12 fluid ounce) can NESTLE® CARNATION® Evaporated Milk 1. Preheat oven to 425 F. 2. Combine sugar, salt, cinnamon, ginger and cloves in small bowl. Beat eggs lightly in large bowl. Stir in pumpkin and sugar-spice mixture. Gradually stir in evaporated milk. Pour into pie shell. 3. Bake for 15 minutes. Reduce temperature to 350 F.; bake for 40 to 50 minutes or until knife inserted near centre comes out clean. Cool on wire rack for 2 hours. Serve immediately or refrigerate. (Do not freeze as this will cause the crust to separate from the filling.) Enjoy this Christmas Pie. Christmas Apple PieIngredients:Crust:Mix together with a fork: For the filling of each pie:4 cups all purpose flour Mix together:1 3/4 cups shortening (we use butter) 1 tsp cinnamon1 Tbsp sugar 1/4 tsp nutmeg2 tsp salt 1 cup white sugarset aside 1/4 cup all purpose flourMix together with a fork:1 Tbsp cider vinegar1 whole egg1/2 cup cool water Instructions:Crust:Combine the two mixtures, stirring with a fork until all the ingredients aremoistened. Using your hands, mould dough into a ball. Cover with plastic wrapand chill for at least 15 minutes. The pie crust dough may be refrigerated for 3 or4 days. Make it ahead to cut down on last minute complications.*This pastry recipe will make three double-crusted pies. Bake on for now, andfreeze two for that day when too much company drops by.For the filling of each pie:Roll out a bottom crust with enough excess to hang over the pie plate at least 1inch. Peel and core 6 or 8 snappy Vermont Macintosh apples and slice into the pieplate. Pile very high as the apples will cook down. Squeeze the juice of 1/2 lemonover the apples.Sprinkle evenly over the mound of apples. Dot the entire pie with 1/2 stick ofsweet unsalted butter and cover with a top crust. Fold the overlapping cruststogether and crimp to hold in the bubbling juices. Place pie on a cookie sheet andbake at 400 degrees for 50 minutes. To brown: brush the pie with cream and 21
  22. 22. sprinkle lightly with sugar, run under the broiler checking by the second until nicely browned. Enjoy this Christmas Pie. AWAY IN A MANGER And so Im offering this simple phrase Away in a manger, no crib To kids from one to ninety-two for a bed, Although its been the little Lord Jesus laid said many times, down his sweet head. many ways The stars in the bright sky "Merry Christmas looked down where he lay, to you"the little Lord Jesus asleep on the hay.The cattle are lowing, the baby awakes,but little Lord Jesus no crying he makes.I love you, Lord Jesus; look down from thesky,and stay by my side until morning is nigh. DECK THE HALLSBe near me, Lord Jesus, I ask you to stayclose by me for ever, and love me, I pray. Deck the halls with boughs of holly,Bless all the dear children in your tender care, Fa la la la la, la la la la,and fit us for heaven, to live with you there. Tis the season to be jolly, Fa la la la la, la la la la, Don we now our gay apparel,THE CHRISTMAS Fa la la, la la la, la la la,SONG Troll the ancient yuletide carol, Fa la la la la, la la la la!(Chestnuts Roasting onan Open Fire) See the blazing yule before us, Fa la la la la, la la la la,Chestnuts roasting on an Strike the harp and join the chorus,open fire Fa la la la la, la la la la,Jack Frost nipping at your Follow me in merry measure,nose Fa la la, la la la, la la la,Yuletide carols being sung by a choir While I tell of yuletide treasureAnd folks dressed up like Eskimos Fa la la la la, la la la la!Everybody knows a turkey and some Fast away the old year passes,mistletoe Fa la la la la, la la la la,Help to make the season brightTiny tots with their eyes all aglow Hail the new, ye lads and lassesWill find it hard to sleep tonight Fa la la la la, la la la la, Sing we joyous, all together,They know that Santas on his way Fa la la, la la la, la la la,Hes loaded with lots of toys and goodies on Heedless of the wind and weatherhis sleigh Fa la la la la, la la la la!And evry mothers child is gonna spyTo see if reindeer really know how to fly Deck the halls with boughs of holly, Fa la la la la, la la la la, 22
  23. 23. Tis the season to be jolly, Fa la la, la la la, la la la,Fa la la la la, la la la la, Troll the ancient yuletide carol,Don we now our gay apparel, Fa la la la la, la la la la! More Christmas songs and Karaoke in 23
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