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Classification of plants


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Classification of plants

  1. 1. Classification of Plants
  2. 2. Plant Kingdom Non-flowering Plants Flowering Plants
  3. 3. 3 groups Non - flowering Plants Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms Do NOT produce flowers
  4. 4. A plant can be divided into 3 parts
  5. 5. Examples of Mosses
  6. 6. Spore-producing capsule spores
  7. 7. Characteristics of Mosses Simplest plants No true roots, No vascular tissues (no transport) Simple stems & leaves Have rhizoids for anchorage Spores from capsules (wind-dispersal) Damp terrestrial land
  8. 8. A leaf (finely divided into small parts) underground stem root
  9. 9. Characteristics of Ferns roots, feathery leaves & underground stems have vascular tissues (transport & support) Spore-producing organ on the underside of leaves (reproduction) Damp & shady places
  10. 10. needle-shaped leaves
  11. 11. Male cones (in clusters) Female cones (scattered)
  12. 12. Characteristics of Gymnosperms tall evergreen trees roots, woody stems needle-shaped leaves vascular tissues (transport) cones with reproductive structures naked seeds in female cones dry places
  13. 13. 2 groups Flowering Plants Monocotyledons Dicotyledons roots, stems, leaves vascular tissues (transport) flowers, fruits (contain seeds)
  14. 14. Monocotyledons Parallel veins
  15. 15. Characteristics of Monocotyledons one seed-leaf leaves have parallel veins herbaceous plants e.g. grass, maize
  16. 16. Dicotyledons Veins in network
  17. 17. Characteristics of Dicotyledons two seed-leaves leaves have veins in network e.g. trees, sunflower, rose
  18. 18. Plant Classification Plants Non-flowering Sporebearing No roots Mosses with roots Ferns Naked seeds Gymnosperms Flowering 1 seedleaf Monocots 2 seedleaves Dicots