Today I would like to begin my presentation with showing some simple examples of 3D PDF. Following that, I would like to discuss why 3D PDF is important, what makes it different, what it is being used for, and how it is being used. I will explain what the 3D PDF Consortium is and how it is structured, and conclude by explaining why it is important.
The primary difference between 3D PDF and other data exchange or visualization formats, is the presence of features to support digital signatures, digital rights management, and forms. Both have the ability to represent data either in a tessellated mode, or a precise BREP geometry form, to represent product manufacturing information (PMI), and so forth – but only Acrobat has the capability to present itself both in a web-format, and in a document format. It also is important to remember that almost any company, regardless of size, expects to both generate and receive PDF files and has infrastructure and/or processes in place designed around PDF files.
3D PDF can be used in many different ways, and I would like to show you just a few of them, using nothing more than the standard Acrobat Reader.Example 1 – 3D PDF can be used as a simple view, measure and markup tool (aircraft bulkhead)In this example of an aircraft bulkhead, you will see above the graphics window a toolbar that provides basic measurement and markup tools. These are very simple but powerful functions that are enabled at the discretion of the author, which is a very unique feature.Example 2 – 3D PDF can be used to combine a group of documents into a portfolioUsing the portfolio capabilities of Acrobat, an author can combine many types of documents into a single PDF file, which contains 3D information but also standard documents, and animations. Here is the 3D data representing a machined bracket, showing the product manufacturing information (PMI) and also text from the title block. All of this was extracted automatically from the CAD file. Documents such as an animation of the stress analysis, and a document describing the mass properties can also be included.Example 3 – 3D PDF can also be used to create a package that contains all of the 2D views of a 3D model, along with metadata from a PLM or ERP application using templates and formsIf so desired, it is possible to take a 3D model – in this case coming from Pro/Engineer – and extract all of the 2D views and present them in a “catalog”, along with information such as part number, vendor, and so forth, which are being placed into the PDF from a PLM or ERP application via a forms capability. This presents the user with all of the information that would have been included on several drawings, but in a form (a PDF file) that is organized for easy navigation. At any time, any view can be activated as a 3D view to enable further examination.
This slide shows how 3D PDF is used when compared to other data standards such as STEP and JT. The main point here is that there is a need for standards to support the direct exchange of geometry and certain key metadata, such as Product Manufacturing Information (PMI), and the storage of that data for long term archiving purposes. However, there is an equal or greater need to be able to support the publishing of technical documentation, documentation that is process-specific, and documentation that is required for the purposes of supporting performance, liability, or regulatory requirements.
On the new 787 program at Boeing, Catia data that is “in-process”, or in other words subject to frequent change, is viewed using internal proprietary technology. Once the design process reaches a certain point, either where certain collaboration capabilities are required, or there is a need to create a document archive of the process, the data is then published in a 3D PDF and stored in a corporate-wide repository. As of early December, 2011, there were over 500,000 such documents in the repository that had been accessed over 3 million times.
Interestingly, a Danish company called Grundfos, a very large $3 billion + industrial equipment manufacturer, arrived at almost the exact same system architecture independently. In this case, Grundfos had a large number of licenses of a stand-alone commercial visualization software application that is used for the in-process portion rather than a proprietary application, and publish to 3D PDF when workflow is triggered at the relevant stages in various processes.
The US Department of Defense, in a program called Model Based Enterprise largely managed by the US Department of the Army, a study was done with a small, single part. The results were impressive – a 59% savings in time-to-deployment, and a $1.2 million cost savings were realized over traditional paper and CAD model methods. What is even more impressive is they did this with a production run of only 3600 parts!. The DOD is using 3D PDF to replace paper-based Technical Documentation Packages (TDP’s), which are the contract documents to suppliers; and for Digital Work Instructions (DWI) to support repair depots and field maintenance needs. The documents will distributed to over 4,000 locations when the program is complete.
The 3D PDF Consortium is a community, not a standards body, consisting of software developers, systems integrators, and end-users from the manufacturing, architecture/construction, building information management, and geospatial industries. It was incorporated as a U.S. non-profit trade group on January 3, 2012 and is open to any interested organization.
The Consortium’s primary mission is to accelerate adoption of solutions and tools that utilized the 3D PDF platform. We do that through three sub-groups, or committees, that take industry needs and uses cases and priorities as determined by industry, develop reference implementations to meet those needs while providing input to the relevant standards bodies, and then publicize this information through articles, white papers, and other publications; and by supporting a variety of industry events and meetings such as this one put on by our colleagues at SmartScape
The Consortium has a valuable role to play in order to make sure that 3D PDF continues to be a leading technology platform, by:Assist in ensuring that the platform continues to evolve to meet the needs of the membersGiving industry a unified voice across markets and geographies so that their needs are understood and reflectedBeing a source of subject matter expertise for technical and implementation issues related to 3D PDFDemonstrating that there is a vibrant and expansive market for 3D PDF-based tools and solutionsProvide technical contributions to the Standards process
As the Executive Director of the 3D PDF Consortium, it is my pleasure to welcome you to this seminar on 3D PDF hosted by our friends at Smartscape. I would like to thank Oketani-san and his colleagues for their generosity as our hosts, and I would like to thank all of you for taking time to join us.
Topics• What is 3D PDF?• Why is 3D PDF important?• What makes 3D PDF different?• 3D PDF Examples• How is 3D PDF used?• 3D PDF at Boeing, Grundfos, USArmy• What is the 3D PDF Consortium?• What is the Consortium structure?• Why is the Consortium important?
History• 2005 – Adobe establishes relationship with Right Hemisphere to add 3D technology to Acrobat• 2006 – Adobe acquires TTF SARL, the developers of PRC and the importer technology• 2007 – Adobe release Acrobat 7.1, first 3D release• 2010 – Adobe forms relationships with Tech Soft 3D and PROSTEP AG to take over product development, sales, support; Tetra 4D created to develop and market Acrobat Pro plug-in• 2011 – Several ISV’s meet at COFES and discuss the idea of a consortium around 3D PDF• Jan 3, 2012 – 3D PDF Consortium formally incorporated
What is 3D PDF? • a PDF that contains U3D¹ or PRC² data • PDF’s with U3D or PRC can be read by any supported version of the Acrobat Reader • 3D PDF was defined and developed, and continues to be supported by, Adobe • 3D PDF is an active part of the existing PDF standardization activities¹ U3D = Universal 3D, developed by Boeing, Intel, Adobe² PRC = Product Representation Compact, developed by Adobe
3D PDF Content Standards Status• U3D – U3D developed by 3D Industry Forum (3dif.org) – U3D currently an ECMA standard (363) under TC43 – U3D Edition 1 is specified by PDF/E (ISO 24517-1)• PRC – Specification published by Adobe in 2008 (PDF 1.7) – Released to ISO TC 171 for standardization in 2008 – Currently managed by ISO DIS 14739 under TC 171 SC 2 – Establishes 3D standard to be referenced by PDF (ISO 32000) and others
Rich Information Packages Push button for Form Routing 3D Selection’s Links that associated XML activate 3D Data in form Views fields from an Enterprise system 3D Viewport – Leverage CAD data from PLM system. Selection event Datahighlights geometryand triggers display Collection viaof associated data in form fields various form fields 3D View’s Selected Node Name
Five Reasons Why 3D PDF is Important1. Universal access – through Acrobat Reader2. Compound document – 3D, 2D, image, text, audio, video, enterprise data3. Infrastructure availability – Existing systems already support PDF4. True neutrality – Protects investment5. Superior value – No other platform presents as much opportunity for gain, for such little risk
Go from this…in native CAD A rats nest of 3D Notes, Labels, Dimensions & GD&T
...to this in 3D PDF Fully consumable with Acrobat Reader in document and web forms
3D PDF MBE – Engineering TDPs & RFQs 3D MBE TDP 3D MBE RFQs / RFI (no 2D Drawings) (in assembly context)
3D PDF MBE – Manufacturing Processes 3D MBE 3D MBE Shop Floor Assembly Welding Best Practices
3D PDF MBE – Inspection and Field Service 3D MBE Field Repair First Article Inspection Instructions
How is 3D PDF used in manufacturing? - Technical publications - Service manuals - Marketing collateral Documents. Customers, MRO CAD Data Forms, Publicati organizations ons - Digital work instructions - Request for proposal - Request for quote Direct data Partners, Suppli exchange, digita - Model based ers l mockup machining - Digital mockup - Long term data - Collaborative design retention - Product record Archival LEGEND storage Native CAD data STEP/JT data PDF data
3D PDF in use at BoeingBoeing CommercialAirplanes• 3D PDF used for 787 Dreamliner publications• Proprietary visualization used for “in-process” work• Catia V5 data published into 3D PDF format and deposited into a global repository• > 400,000 3D PDF’s in repository• View manipulation, search and filtering capability• Includes geometry and bill of materials information
3D PDF in use at GrundfosGrundfos Group• 55 companies in 82 countries• Catia used across the enterprise for design; data managed by Enovia in process• Commercial visualization tool for in-process visualization• Workflow stage triggers publishing into 2D and 3D PDF’s• Published data managed in SAP PLM• Includes geometry and bill of materials information
3D PDF in use at US ArmyUS Department of Defense• One study, one part: – 59% decrease in time-to- deploy – $1.2M savings in 3600 parts• DLA survey of benefits of “modern” TDP – 27% reduction in procurement costs – 19% reduction in scrap and rework• Department of Defense is embracing 3D PDF for Model Based Enterprise• Major weapons systems likely deployed with 3D PDF• Technical Data Packages and Digital Work Instructions can be delivered via 3D PDF via MilStd31000• Over 4,000 bases, repair depots, field service locations will be able to use 3D PDF
3D PDF CONSORTIUMOVERVIEW“The need for leadership is apparent. The importance of leadership isobvious. The position of leadership is vacant” - AIA 2004 Report - The Future of Aerospace Standardization
What is the 3DPDF Consortium?• Not a standards organization per se• A community dedicated to driving adoption of 3DPDF enabled solutions across industries• End-user needs driven• A worldwide, non-profit, member organization• Open to all companies
What We Do Expertise Voice Priorities Standards Education Input Resources
Organization Details• Law firm – Gesmer, Updegrove LLP• Incorporated in Delaware, U.S. January 3, 2012• Form of organization – 501(c)6 Trade Organization under IRS Tax code• Filed with National Cooperative Research and Production Act (NCRPA) for anti-trust protection• Bylaws, Articles of Incorporation, and incorporation certificate available• Introduced in Japan (Feb) and Germany (June)• All back office functions outsourced• Managed by an Executive Director
What is the Consortium structure? Board of Directors • governance, recruiting Executive Committee • mission, vision, strategic direction Industry Committee Technical Communications - Define industry needs Committee Committee and priorities - Project goals and - Web site - Develop process-based objectives - Publications use cases - Project - Solicit and propose - Assign priorities to plans, participation, f case studies technical committee unding - Presentations work - Implementers forum - Blog/article - ISO technical submissions submissions
Committee Updates - Industry• 20 members, meeting 2x • Identified, not prioritized: per month – UC – Long – Term Archive of Product Data• Identified, prioritized use – UC – Supply Chain (Remote) cases: Design Reviews – UC1 -- RFIs/RFQs – UC – Product Marketing – UC2a -- Mfg & Assy Process – UC – Online Catalogs Planning – UC – Quality Documents – UC2b – Tech. Service Docs – UC – Engineering Change Orders – UC3 – Distrib. of Analysis Docs – UC - Engineering Design Reviews (?) • Moving towards requirements – UC4 -- MBD Equiv. once use case defined and – UC5 – Routed Systems [AEC] accepted• Some needing owners, • Requirements to be handed off some on 2nd and 3rd drafts to Technical Committee
Committee updates - Technical• 18 members; meeting 1x-2x per month• Focused on PRC 1.x ISO approval and PRC 2.0 requirements gathering and input• Status: – PRC 1.x still in DIS (Draft International Standard) stage – On 2nd 60-day ballot(?)• Industry requirements from use cases will kick off significant Technical committee work• Budget planning for 2013 will determine some scope of work
Committee updates - Communications• 17 members, meeting 2x per month• Proposed 2013 events – 3DCIC – GPDIS – MBE Summit• Current work – 2013 events – Website update (tentative release March 2013) – Viz vs. Communication white paper
Member benefitsVendors and Systems Commercial andIntegrators Government Users• Relay site for press • Access to experts via releases, case studies community blogs and wikis• Product certification via test • Reference library of industry suite activities white papers, case studies,• Stronger customer reference implementations relationships through pilot • Cross-industry knowledge project participation sharing• Early visibility to emerging • Shared leverage to technical features and influence vendor requirements of the development standard • Educational resources• Market visibility through • Implementation support Consortium activities
What is the commitment?• Beyond dues, there is no “contractual” commitment however….• Meeting goals requires participation: – Officers: 4 – 8 hours per month – Board members: 8 – 10 hours per quarter – Committee chairs: 4 – 8 hours per month – Committee members: 8 – 16 hours per month• The above are a) estimates, and b) additive
Schedule of dues and privilegesMembership Annual Annual Annual Annual Annual Board Full Committee Access to Level Revenue Revenue Revenue Revenue Revenue Seat Vote Participation Resources < $50M < $100M < $500M < $1B > $1B (including voting)Governing $15K $15K $20K $25K $30K Y Y Y Y Strategic $8K $10K $13K $17K $20K N Y Y Y Associate $4K $6K $8K $10K $12K N N Y Y
QUESTIONS? For more information, visitwww.3dpdfconsortium.org, or email email@example.com.