INTRODUCTION Land based branch and largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. Largest Standing Volunteer Army- 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel. Inherited most of the infrastructure of the British indian army. Primary Mission:- ◦ Ensure national security and defence of the Nation from external aggression and threats. ◦ Maintain peace and security within its borders. ◦ Humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances. Headed by Chief of Army Staff (COAS). 2
PREVIEWORGANISATION & ROLEHISTORYINDIAN ARMY IN NATION BUILDINGARMY LIFEJOINING THE INDIAN ARMY 3
COMBAT ARMSARMOURED CORPS (FOOT) INFANTRY MECHANISED INFANTRY 8
COMBAT SUPPORT ARMSCORPS OF ARTILLERY CORPS OF ENGINEERS CORPS OF SIGNALS 9
LOGISTICS SUPPORT SERVICESARMY SERVICE CORPS ARMY ORD CORPSARMY MEDICAL CORPS CORPS OF EME 10
MEDALS AND AWRDS Indian honours and awards can be divided into two categories : (a) Gallantry awards. . (a) Those for gallantry in the face of the enemy. .(b) Those for gallantry other than in the face of the enemy. (b) Non-gallantry awards. contd... 11
ROLE Safeguard the territorial integrity of the nation against external aggression. Due to the country’s long borders encompassing different geographical and climatic conditions such as desert terrain on the west, snow-covered mountains in the north and thick rain fed mountainous jungles in the east, the Army has to constantly prepare itself for diverse challenges. 1 of 2 contd... 12
ROLE In addition, the Army is often required to assist the civil administration during internal security disturbances and in the maintenance of law and order, in organising relief operations during natural calamities like floods, earthquakes and cyclones and in the maintenance of essential services. Demands on the Army have increased manifold due to continuous deployment of its forces in intense counter insurgency operations in Jammu & Kashmir and the North East parts of the country. To achieve these objectives, the Army has to be constantly modernised, suitably structured, equipped and trained. 2 of 2 13
OVERVIEW Evolved from British Indian Army. Immediately after independence- fought first Indo Pak War and Liberation of Hyderabad in 1947-48. Liberated Goa in 1961. Fought Sino- Indian War of 1962. Fought three subsequent wars with Pakistan 1962, 1965 and 1971. Other major operations undertaken by the Indian Army include Operation Vijay (Kargil War), Operation Parakram (Mobilisation post parliament attack). Indian Army also has been an active participant in United Nations peacekeeping missions. 15
FIRST INDO-PAK (1947-48) Invasion of Kashmir by Pakistan Army. Fought immediately after independence after Maharaja Hari Singh acceded with India. Indian troops airlifted to Srinagar on 15 Oct 47. Intense war waged across the state and former comrades found themselves fighting each other. War ended with UN sponsored Ceasefire in 1948. 16
LIBERATION OF HYDERABAD (1948) After partition of India, Nizam, of Hyderabad refused to accede his state to the Union of India. Indian Troops ordered to secure the State on 12 September 1948 by then deputy-Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel . Hyderabad secured after 5 days of fighting by Indian Army troops , backed by squadron of Hawker Tempest aircraft of the Indian Air Force. Five infantry battalions and one armoured squadron of the Indian Army were engaged in the operation. State of Hyderabad proclaimed as a part of the Union of India on 17 Sep 48. 17
LIBERATION OF GOA (1961) Portugal refused to relinquish control of its Indian colonies of Goa, Daman and Diu after Indep. Repeated attempts by India to negotiate with Portugal for return of its territory spurned by Portuguese prime minister and dictator, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar. Indian Army launched on 12 December 1961 to evict the Portuguese. Portuguese General Manuel António Vassalo e Silva surrendered to the Indian Army, after twenty-six hours and Goa, Daman and Diu joined the Indian Union 18
SINO-INDIAN 1962 WAR War started with small-scale clashes between the Indian and Chinese patrols all along disputed McMahon Line China launched major attack in Arunachal Pradesh on 12 October 1962. War caused by dispute over Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh both claimed China & India. Although Indian Army fought valiantly it suffered some reverses because of lack of adequate weapons, ammunition and equipment. War ended with China making a unilateral withdrawal of its troops in November 1962. 19
INDO PAK 1965 WAR Second war with Pakistan over Kashmir. Initiated by Pakistani President Ayub Khan by launching Operation Gibraltar in August 1965 by large scale infiltration into India In retaliation, the Indias Army launched a major offensive throughout its border with Pakistan, with Lahore as its prime target. Major battles with Pakistan fought in Kashmir, Punjab and Rajasthan. War ended with Cease Fire Agreement at Tashkent. 20
INDO PAK 1971 WAR War caused by independence movement in East Pakistan, brutal suppression by Pakistan Army resulting in massive influx of refugees into Indian states of WB/ Assam in 1971. In early 1971, India declared its full-support for the Bengali rebels, known as Mukti Bahini. War started on 03 Dec 71 with pre-emptive bombing by Pak AF. India launched major offensive in the East with three Corps in East Pakistan while remaining on Strategic Defensive in the West. War ended with Surrender of Pakistan Army and birth of Bangladesh on 16 Dec 1971 and capture of 90,000 prisoners. 21
INDO PAK KARGIL WAR (OP VIJAY) Conflict started in mid-1999 by Pakistani paramilitary forces and Kashmiri insurgents who captured deserted, but strategic, Himalayan heights in the Kargil district of India. Indian Army launched attacks to re-capture thee posts fighting some major battles in Kargil, Batalik and Dras. Fighting came on 26 Jul 1991 after Indian Army re-captured all heights and Pakistan Army was forced to withdraw, partly under US pressure. 22
INTERNAL SECURITY Apart from guarding the borders with China and Pakistan, Indian Army is also deployed for internal security in a major way. Indian Army’s Northern Command is deployed for fighting Pakistan abetted proxy war in J & K, fighting Muslim fundamentalist insurgent groups operating form save havens in Pakistan. Indian Army’s Eastern Command is also deployed for internal security in the North Eastern states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. 24
DISASTER RELIEF The following attributes make the Army a potent instrument for disaster relief :- ◦ It is suitably poised for rapid response and for mobilising self-contained, composite task forces to any part of the country, even overseas, in conjunction with the Navy and Air Force. ◦ It is structured, organised and managed to provide support for a full range of public relief services. The versatile capabilities of the Army to respond to any form of disaster situation can be best exemplified by the assistance provided during the ◦ Tsunami Disaster (2004) ◦ Kashmir Earthquake(2005) ◦ Leh cloud burst (2010) ◦ Sikkim earthquake(2011) contd... 25
ARMY IN DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS 26 contd...
ARMY IN DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS 27 contd...
UN PEACE KEEPING MISSIONS Indian Armys participation in UN peacekeeping operations spans a period of 57 years covering 43 UN Missions, in which over ninety thousand Indian soldiers have served in various parts of the world. Indian Army has contributed outstanding force commanders, elite military contingents, impartial observers and dedicated staff officers. Their devotion to duty and excellent performance has been widely acclaimed. Time and again, India has risked the lives of its soldiers in peacekeeping efforts of the United Nations, not for any strategic gain, but in the service of an ideal. Indias ideal was, and remains, strengthening the world body, and international peace and security. Presently, India is ranked, as the third largest troop contributor to the UN. 28
ARMY AS A CAREER An officer in the Indian Army inherits glorious heritage and timeless traditions, blended perfectly with the latest technology in the fields of management, engineering and medical sciences. It offers a golden opportunity to be a part of the worlds finest Army and get trained not only to be an Officer but also a Gentleman for life. The army teaches you all, moulding the officers into leaders capable of leading from the front in any field. 37
ARMY AS A CAREER Attractive pay and perks and a very good life style- social interaction, finest clubs, golf courses, medical facilities and ample opportunities to indulge in adventure and sports, Army has it all. In fact you are paid to lead a healthy life in a healthy environment. Facilities like subsidized housing, free medical for self & family, canteen facilities, group insurance cover, soft loans for house and/or vehicle and above all the feeling of belonging to a family (Army) which cares for you, are the perks of the Army which no other organization provides. 38
PERMANENT COMMISSION NATIONAL DEF ACADEMY INDIAN MILITARY ACADEMY PUNE DEHRADUNENTRY- ENTRY- ◦ UPSC entrance exam after class ◦ UPSC CDS exam after XI. Graduation. ◦ 5-day Service Selection Board interview and Medical test. ◦ SSB, Medical. TRAINING- TRAINING - 1/ 1 ½ yrs. ◦ Three years (Graduation). COMMISSION -Permanent. ◦ Move to IMA, Dehradun. 39 contd...
SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION ENTRY. ◦ UPSC + SSB+ Medicals. ◦ Both Men & Women. TRAINING. ◦ 49 weeks training. COMMISSION. ◦ Short Service Commission for 10 years. OFFICERS TRAINING ◦ At the end of this ACADEMY CHENNAI period- elect for a Permanent Commission or opt out.
WOMEN IN INDIAN ARMY COMMISSION. ◦ Short Service Commission through OTA Chennai. EMPLOYMENT. ◦ Women Officers employed in all arms/ services less combat arms. ◦ Women officers treated on par with male officers. ◦ Women officers of JAG/AEC have opportunity for PC. 41