The rules for patents are similar for most countries
The rules for patents are similar for most countries.Contents: 1 Getting a patent 2 Using a patent 3 What can be patented 4 Marking 5 Parts of a patentGetting a patentTo get a patent, the inventor must ask thegovernment by describing the invention in writing.This is called a patent application. The inventor canwrite the patent application, but it is usually writtenby a person trained to write patent applications.This person is called a patent agent or, if the personis a lawyer, a patent attorney.
The government does not usually just give theinventor a patent. Instead, the government tries toconfirm whether the idea is actually new. This iscalled patent examination. The government will tryto find books, stories, or even other patents thatshow that the idea was not new. The inventor, orhis or her patent attorney, then try to show how theinventors idea is different from anything that thegovernment finds.If the government finds that the inventors idea isnew and useful, it will publish the patent. Thegovernment will also send the inventor a copy of hisor her patent application with a special seal. Thiscopy is the patent.The inventor must also pay the government a tax toget a patent. Usually, an inventor pays money to askfor the patent, and the inventor pays money when
he or she gets a patent. In some countries, theowner of a patent must also pay money to keep thepatent. Some can be cheap and some can beexpensive.Using a patentThe owner of a patent can stop other people fromusing their idea. If someone other than the patentowner uses the patent, this is called infringing apatent. If the owner knows that someone isinfringing his or her patent, the patent owner canask a court to stop them. If the court agrees thatthe other person was using the patent, the courtcan make that person pay a fine to the patentowner.The patent owner can give other people permissionto use their patent. This is called a license. Theperson that wants to use another persons patentwill usually pay money to the patent owner.What can be patented
Patents most often cover products or processesthat contain ‘new’ functional or technical ideas.They are concerned with how things work, howthey are made or what they are made of. Patentscover many different things such as electronics,medicines, agriculture and transport – anything infact from a small detail in an electric switch to anentire power station. MarkingOften a product is marked with a text saying patentpending’ or pat. pending, which means that apatent has been asked for (part of) the product.Then people are warned that they should not copythe invention.Parts of a patentPatents are usually very long. They include anumber of smaller parts. A patent usually includes asection that briefly describes the idea called theabstract. It also may include a section that describesother peoples inventions and how the inventors
idea is different called the "background of theinvention."The patent also includes a long description of theidea itself called a "detailed description." In thissection, the inventor tries to describe every detail ofhis or her invention.The patent also has a number of pictures called the"figures." The figures are usually drawn by peoplecalled draftsman that are trained to draw in aspecial way. The pictures are labeled with numbersto show different parts of the invention.At the end of most patents is a section called theclaims. These are usually numbered. They includethe a short statement that lists all of the thingsneeded for the invention. A court will use the claims
to decide if another person is "infringing thepatent."