Everything You Always Wanted to Know about BLOGGING as an Educational Tool William Cole Instructional Technology Director ...
Blog: basic definitions <ul><li>“ A weblog, or blog, is a frequently updated website consisting of dated entries arranged ...
Blogging as convergence <ul><li>The blogging phenomenon is really a convergence of two different strands: </li></ul><ul><u...
Biodiversity of the blogosphere <ul><li>Authorship   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Individual Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>jilltxt  (Jill Walker) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripting News  (Dave Win...
Diversity of media <ul><li>Authorship  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs....
Diversity of genres <ul><li>Authorship  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs...
Common features <ul><li>Posts — the basic unit of any blog — vary in form from simple links without any comment to article...
A taxonomy of blog postings <ul><li>Title and link only - title can be URL or a few words, just enough to attach the link ...
How it works <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hosting serv...
Requirements: access <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or host...
Requirements: hosting <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hos...
Requirements: software <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or ho...
Syndication & aggregators <ul><li>Syndication  or  feeds  refer to the packaging of web content in a compact format (often...
Growth and social impact <ul><li>Pew Internet & American Life  Report (Jan. 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>8 million bloggers  </...
Blogosphere demographics <ul><li>Blog creators are more likely to be:  </li></ul><ul><li>Men: 57% are male  </li></ul><ul>...
Educational uses <ul><li>As with the web generally, there are several ways to approach blogs as an educational tool. </li>...
 
Questions? <ul><li>Bill Cole </li></ul><ul><li>407 Ginger Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Ph. 783-9326 </li></ul><ul><li>Email:  w....
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Everything you always wanted to know about blogging as an educational tool

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Presentation delivered as a faculty development workshop for the Center for Teaching and Learning, Morehead State University, April 6, 2005.

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  • Everything you always wanted to know about blogging as an educational tool

    1. 1. Everything You Always Wanted to Know about BLOGGING as an Educational Tool William Cole Instructional Technology Director College of Education MSU Center for Teaching & Learning 6 April 2005
    2. 2. Blog: basic definitions <ul><li>“ A weblog, or blog, is a frequently updated website consisting of dated entries arranged in reverse chronological order so the most recent post appears first” (Jill Walker, Routledge Encyclopedia of Narrative Theory , full article ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ An online journal, typically comprising links to current news stories or other Web resources, and/or social and political commentary, and/or a personal diary, sometimes with replies from readers or RSS feeds.” ( Wiktionary ) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Blogging as convergence <ul><li>The blogging phenomenon is really a convergence of two different strands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the emergence of new technologies that simplify web publishing, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a cultural push to reclaim the web for personal expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cf. early history of &quot;home pages&quot; and webcams </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Biodiversity of the blogosphere <ul><li>Authorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs. Signed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genre/content </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Individual Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>jilltxt (Jill Walker) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripting News (Dave Winer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous or pseudonymous: Invisible Adjunct </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand text auto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boing Boing </li></ul></ul>Diversity of authors <ul><li>Authorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs. Signed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genre/content </li></ul>
    6. 6. Diversity of media <ul><li>Authorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs. Signed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genre/content </li></ul><ul><li>The classic medium of blogs is text, but because the web is a multimedia environment, variant forms of blogging in other media have emerged: </li></ul><ul><li>Photoblogs ( Flickr ) </li></ul><ul><li>Vogs: video blogs ( Adrian Miles ) </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting: audio blogs ( John Modaff ) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Diversity of genres <ul><li>Authorship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual vs. Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymous vs. Signed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genre/content </li></ul><ul><li>While many blogs are eclectic — incorporating anything the author(s) happens to fancy — others stay focused on a narrower field or purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal ( Megnut ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diet blogs ( Put Down the Donut ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>News ( Guardian Newsblog ) </li></ul><ul><li>Political ( Daily Kos ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech ( Daring Fireball ) </li></ul><ul><li>Academic ( Lawrence Lessig ) </li></ul><ul><li>Fictional ( She’s a Flight Risk ) </li></ul><ul><li>Literary ( Pepys Diary ) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Common features <ul><li>Posts — the basic unit of any blog — vary in form from simple links without any comment to article-length essays to multimedia content. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A taxonomy of blog postings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archives/permalinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogrolls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments/trackbacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syndication </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. A taxonomy of blog postings <ul><li>Title and link only - title can be URL or a few words, just enough to attach the link to </li></ul><ul><li>Short excerpt, with a link to the original article or posting (a few words to a few paragraphs) </li></ul><ul><li>Short excerpt, with commentary by the host and a link to the original - probably the most common format </li></ul><ul><li>A longer excerpt or entire article by another author, interspersed with multiple commentary by host - different authors can be denoted by indentation, italics, quotation marks, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Original short posting (with or without links) </li></ul><ul><li>Longer original pieces, columns, articles, stories, narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Roundup review of an ongoing discussion or topic with multiple links to all or selected participants </li></ul><ul><li>Photo or graphic image only </li></ul><ul><li>Photo with commentary or caption and link </li></ul><ul><li>Audio post - mp3, .aiff, .wav </li></ul><ul><li>Video post - Shockwave, .avi., QT </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Dowbrigade News ) </li></ul>
    10. 10. How it works <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hosting service </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these essentials can be obtained for little or no cost. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Requirements: access <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hosting service </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these essentials can be obtained for little or no cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasingly ubiquitous residential and public internet services makes basic net access available to most. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A subtype of blogging called moblogging makes use of capability of mobile phones to transmit text and images. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Requirements: hosting <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hosting service </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these essentials can be obtained for little or no cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Web space may be provided by school/business, as part of home internet service or purchased through commercial hosting services. </li></ul><ul><li>A number of specialized sites offer free blog hosting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LiveJournal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SchoolBlogs </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Requirements: software <ul><li>Basic requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Web space or hosting service </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these essentials can be obtained for little or no cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Blog software emphasizes spontaneity, using templates and automation to manage the more complex components of web publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based services ( Blogger , LiveJournal ) </li></ul><ul><li>Server-side applications ( Movable Type , WordPress ) </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop applications ( Tinderbox , Radio UserLand ) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Syndication & aggregators <ul><li>Syndication or feeds refer to the packaging of web content in a compact format (often just headlines or short summaries), which can then be read by a specialized program or incorporated into other web pages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses XML standard. Variants include RSS and Atom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An aggregator or feed reader is an application that checks multiple syndication feeds and shows which contain new material. Several exist: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop-based: either stand-alone ( NetNewsWire ) or incorporated into web browser or email application ( Firefox/Thunderbird , Opera , Safari ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based: Bloglines , Kinja , My Yahoo . </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Growth and social impact <ul><li>Pew Internet & American Life Report (Jan. 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>8 million bloggers </li></ul><ul><li>32 million blog readers* </li></ul><ul><li>14 million post comments </li></ul><ul><li>6 million RSS users </li></ul><ul><li>… but 62% of American Internet users have never heard of blogs. </li></ul><ul><li>* Increase of 57% over 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging’s impact: </li></ul><ul><li>The media: ‘Rathergate’ and ‘citizen journalists’ </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Howard Dean </li></ul><ul><li>Business: Corporate blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship: Research in public </li></ul>More demographics
    16. 16. Blogosphere demographics <ul><li>Blog creators are more likely to be: </li></ul><ul><li>Men: 57% are male </li></ul><ul><li>Young: 48% are under age 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband users: 70% have broadband at home </li></ul><ul><li>Internet veterans: 82% have been online for six years or more </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively well off financially: 42% live in households earning over $50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Well educated: 39% have college or graduate degrees </li></ul><ul><li>“ Blog readers are somewhat more of a mainstream group than bloggers themselves. Like bloggers, blog readers are more likely to be young, male, well educated, internet veterans. Still, since our survey February, there has been greater-than-average growth in blog readership among women, minorities, those those between the ages of 30 and 49, and those with home dialup connections.” </li></ul>Source: Lee Raine, The State of Blogging, Pew Internet & American Life Project (1/2/2005) .
    17. 17. Educational uses <ul><li>As with the web generally, there are several ways to approach blogs as an educational tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information (secondary) source/research tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary source/cultural artifact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge management tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration tool (group/class blogs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in public discourse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scott Leslie's matrix of educational blog usage . </li></ul>
    18. 19. Questions? <ul><li>Bill Cole </li></ul><ul><li>407 Ginger Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Ph. 783-9326 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: w. [email_address] . edu </li></ul>

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