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Food security act an analysis


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This is an analysis of Food Security Act, passed recently by Indian Parliament. the Act appears to be broadly framed, and might give scope for excuses.

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Food security act an analysis

  1. 1. National Food Security Act: An Analysis Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy Chetana Society Presented at National Seminar on “Food security and Food Production: Institutional Challenges in Governance Domain”, 31st October – 1st November, 2013, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi
  2. 2. Act: Objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  3. 3. Act: Who gets? • Percentage by central govt. based on census • 75% rural, 50% urban coverage • State government to determine within this percentage • Families under AAY – 35 kgs per family • Priority HH under TPDS Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  4. 4. Act: How much? 5 kgs per person at subsidised prices 35 kgs per family AAY Subsidised prices (for a period of three years) 3 per kg for rice  Max rs. 2 per kg for wheat  Max Rs.1 per kg for coarse grains   Subsidised prices, not exceeding MSP Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  5. 5. Food Security Policies Integrated Child Development Services National Maternity Benefit Scheme Mid-Day Meal Scheme National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Antyodaya Anna Yojana Targeted Public Distribution System National Old Age Pension Scheme Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  6. 6. Food Security Policies Annapurna National Family Benefit Scheme National Food Security Mission National Horticultural Mission National Food Security Act Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  7. 7. Human Life-cycle Approach Pregnant women Mother’s close to delivery Child is born Child in school Adolescent girls Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  8. 8. Human Life-cycle Approach Adulthood Adult gets old Adult’s premature death Aged 11 – 18 years! Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  9. 9. Institutional design State Food Commissions any commission  Joint State Food Commission  District grievance redressal officer Vigilance Committees Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  10. 10. Obligations: Central government  Procure grains for the central pool  Allocate required quantity from central pool to States (As per no. of identified persons by each State)  Provide for transportation  provide assistance to the State Government in meeting the expenditure  create and maintain required modern and scientific storage facilities Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  11. 11. Obligations: State government Identification of eligible persons Implementation and monitoring  Implementing different schemes  Can devise any more schemes  Take delivery of grains  Ensure actual delivery of grains  If not, ensure food security allowance in cash Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  12. 12. Obligations: Local authorities Proper Implementation of the Act State government can assign new responsibilities Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  13. 13. Provisions for advancing food security (Schedule III) Revitalisation of Agriculture      agrarian reforms through measures for securing interests of small and marginal farmers; increase in investments in agriculture, including research and development, extension services, micro and minor irrigation and power to increase productivity and production; ensuring livelihood security to farmers by way of remunerative prices, access to inputs, credit, irrigation, power, crop insurance, etc.; prohibiting unwarranted diversion of land and water from food production. Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  14. 14. Provisions for advancing food security (Schedule III) Procurement, storage and movement Incentivising decentralised procurement  Geographical diversification of procurement  Augmentation of storage (adequate, modern, scientific, decentralised)  Giving top priority to movement (railway rakes)  Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  15. 15. Provisions for advancing food security (Schedule III) Others… safe and adequate drinking water and sanitation  health care  nutritional, health and education support to adolescent girls  adequate pensions for senior citizens, persons with disability and single women.  Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  16. 16. Questions and Concerns What happens if it is not implemented? Why a Act, and why not a scheme? Too much of flexibility? Rules become important Who has the liability? Financial management – releases, approvals Maintenance of records Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  17. 17. Questions and Concerns Price determination by whom? What is the process of price determination? Dynamism in eligibility – not institutionalised Why not decentralised food security systems? What about quality? No clauses/provisions on quality Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  18. 18. Questions and Concerns No provision on food diversity Provisions for protecting biodiversity? Or no reference to biodiversity Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  19. 19. Threats High flexibility in the Act WTO Doha Round National Foreign Trade Policy Climate change and disasters Political will Institutional lethargy Mismatch between 5Y Plan and NFSA Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  20. 20. Scope Framing rules Food security policy Involvement of gram panchayats Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy
  21. 21. Thank You Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy