Take your best shot!


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Learn the basics for using a digital camera

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  • Dr. Dixon,

    This is great. I now think I can work my camera. This is very easy to follow. Thanks for sharing.
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    1. 1. Tips and Tricks forUsing the Digital Camera Stephanie Dixon sdixon@ebrschools.org Professional Development Center
    2. 2. Graduation Marred by Day blurry Memory shots! Dixon 2
    3. 3. Dixon 3
    4. 4. On the paper provided, fill in the following about your personal camera:  Manufacturer  Model  Type: point and shoot; advanced/super zoom; or SLR  Megapixels  Optical Zoom  Type of batteries required/rechargeable?  Type of memory card required Dixon 4
    5. 5. Point and Shoot Advanced Point and Shoot Single Lens Reflex (SLR) Sony Cyber-shot DSC-WX5 Canon Powershot SX30 IS Nikon D3100Kodak Easy Share M580 Olympus SZ-30MR Pentax K-5 Dixon 5
    6. 6. Zoom in and out Modes Shutter Release Button Review pictures buttonEnter and Toggle up-down/right-left Delete pictures Dixon 6
    7. 7. Used to save or storeSD Cards images in a camera. Memory Stick A camera’s internal memory cannot hold very many images. xD Cards Dixon 7
    8. 8. Pixel- small squares or units of digital information with a color value. Pixel size depends on resolution of an image The more pixels, the higher the resolution!An image with 250 pixel would have larger pixels and an image with 500 pixels would have smaller pixels. Images with less pixels can become blurry and grainy when enlarged Mega Pixel (MP) = 1 million pixels Most cameras today have MP of at least 7 and higher Dixon 8
    9. 9. Shutter ApertureManual Program Macro Landscape Sports Portrait Night Dixon 9
    10. 10. Auto- camera decides on optimal settings.Portrait- for single subjects; keepsbackground out of focus.Macro- allows user to move closer tosubject. Used for flowers, insects, andsmall objects. Dixon 10
    11. 11. Landscape- used for wide scenes andlarger depth of field. Use of a tripod isrecommended.Night- used for low light situations; longershutter speed. Use of a tripod isrecommended.Sports- used for moving objects; increasesshutter speed. Dixon 11
    12. 12. Aperture (Av) Priority- User determinesaperture and ISO. Camera determinesshutter speed.Shutter (Tv) Priority- User determinesshutter speed and ISO. Camera determinesaperture.Manual Exposure- User determinesaperture, ISO, and shutter speed.Program- Camera determines apertureand shutter speed. User can choose ISOand Flash in some cameras. Dixon 12
    13. 13. Optical Zoom Digital ZoomLenses extend to magnify Crops image and your subject magnifies the result of cropping Not very useful W- Wide Angle (Reduce) Disable on your camera T- Telephoto (magnify)3x - 35x on digital cameras Can use software to 3x - 4x typical zoom in accomplish the same cameras today goals Dixon 13
    14. 14. The measure of a digital camera sensor’s sensitivity to light. Uselower ISO when there is plenty of light and working with stillsubjects. Use higher ISO for indoor sports, moving subjects, and lowlight environments. ISO Aperture Shutter SpeedThe size of the opening in the lens when The amount of time the shutter isa picture is taken. The larger the open. Measured in fractions ofhole, the more light comes in, the seconds and seconds. 1/250 is fastersmaller the hole, the less light. than 1/60.Measured in f-stops. Dixon 14
    15. 15. Hold down the shutter release button halfway and allow the camera to “lock” focus and exposure. Some cameras will outline the subject in green when it is fully focused.You try it! Then press the shutter release button down all the way to capture the image. Dixon 15
    16. 16. • No focal point• Bad focal point• Empty skies• Tilted horizons• Bad backgrounds/Busy backgrounds• Things growing from people’s heads• Cutting off subject’s legs and arms• Direct flash in people’s faces Dixon 16
    17. 17. Camera Shake Misfocus Part or parts of the image are blurred.Entire image is blurred. Fix this problem This fix problem by pressing halfway on by steadying the camera better or by the shutter release button and waiting using a tripod with a timer (in until the camera locks in on the applicable situations). Can also use a subject. Then press the button fully. faster shutter speed. Can also use a faster shutter speed. Dixon 17
    18. 18. The four main causes ofblurry photos are:1. Out of focus2. The subject moves while the shutter is open3. The camera moves while the shutter is Downtown Disney open T-Rex Exhibit 31.3mm Focal Length4. Depth of field is too Aperture F/3.2 shallow Flash Used Dixon 18
    19. 19. Focal Length 8.4mm Aperture F/4.3 Flash Used Dixon 19
    20. 20. Try:Turning on the flashChanging to a higher ISOIncreasing the shutter speed 7.54mm Focal Length f/2.8 Aperture Flash Usedhttp://www.digital-photo-secrets.com/tip/129/the-top-4-causes-of-blurry-photos-and-how-to-fix- them/ Dixon 20
    21. 21. Overexposed Dixon 21
    22. 22. To view the histograms of photos on your camera: 1. Change to review mode. 2. Press the display button. Each camera is differentso read the manual to see how your camera works. http://www.photoanswers.co.uk/Advice/Search-Results/Photopedia/Histogram-/ Dixon 22
    23. 23. • Finding fresh angles• Getting horizons horizontal• Working the lines in your photo• Getting images straight• Fill your frame/frame your shots• The importance of focal points• Creating active space- photographing moving subjects Finally, The Rule of Thirds Dixon 23
    24. 24. Working the lines in your photo Dixon 24
    25. 25. What’s the differencebetween the two photos? Optical zoom used Macro setting used Dixon 25
    26. 26. What’s the difference between the two photos? Dixon 26
    27. 27. Finding fresh Angles Dixon 27
    28. 28. The importance of focal points Dixon 28
    29. 29. The Rule of Thirds Break an image into thirds horizontally and vertically creating nine equal sections.Place points of interest in the intersections. This creates a more balanced and interesting photo.Read more: http://www.digital-photography-school.com/rule-of-thirds#ixzz1NaBUDSqU Dixon 29
    30. 30. Focal points Dixon 30
    31. 31. Working with your partner, take five photos: – A close range and a distant shot of one object inside the building. Use different modes. – A shot of the exterior front of the building – A shot of a plant or tree – A shot of the sky Dixon 31
    32. 32. USB Port USB Cable Connect your camera to the computerusing the USB cable. Plug the small end of the cable into the camera and the larger USB into a USB port on the computer. Dixon 32
    33. 33. • Create a folder on the desktop. Copy the images to the folder.• Use Microsoft Photo Editor or Microsoft PowerPoint to make changes such as: – Cropping – Adding a border or effect – Re-coloring – Brightening Dixon 33
    34. 34. Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG)for photographs, natural scenes, portraits. Standard format for web images. Graphic Image File (GIF)for line drawings or simple cartoon drawings. Also a standard for web images. Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) for archiving image files. RAW uncompressed, unchanged image file. Dixon 34
    35. 35. The bottom line is…Low compression = better quality image Solution Copy original images, then compress for emailing and for use on web. Use original, uncompressed images for printing. Dixon 35
    36. 36. Find out as much as you canabout your camera and itsfunctions.Practice taking pictures oftenand critique them.Don’t be afraid toexperiment with thesettings on your camera.Upload your pictures to yourcomputer and organize themfor editing and use. Dixon 36
    37. 37. • http://www.kodak.com• http://www.nikon.com• http://www.canon.com• http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials.htm• http://www.digital-photography-school.com/• http://www.photoanswers.co.uk/Advice/Search- Results/Photopedia/Histogram-• http://www.digital-photo- secrets.com/tip/129/the-top-4-causes-of-blurry- photos-and-how-to-fix-them/ Dixon 37
    38. 38. sdixon@ebrschools.orgCourse presentation can be found on: http://tinyurl.com/ebrpsspd