OT Session 5 Wisdom Literature (Part 1)


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Psalms & Song of Songs slides for Foundations Bible School (copyright Don Palmer).

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OT Session 5 Wisdom Literature (Part 1)

  1. 1. Session #5. Encountering the Poetic (& Wisdom) Books Covering the books of Psalms, Song of Songs
  2. 2. Establishing the worship Removing the worship (& of God practices) of the false gods (Deut. 6) (Deut. 7)A place for his name Idols (Deut. 32:17) A pattern of worship  Idolatry (Deut. 18:9-13) A lifestyle of worship  Warfare (Deut. 20)
  3. 3.  The offerings (ch. 1-7)  The laws (613)1. Burnt offering o The Priesthood o Sacrificial system2. Grain offering o Day of Atonement3. Peace (fellowship) offering o Festivals4. Sin offering5. Guilt offering • The Holiness code • Lifestyle & health • Social justice “Be holy, for I am holy” (11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7, 26)
  4. 4.  Sabbath (weekly) NT application1. Passover (1st month 14th day) Redemption2. Unleavened bread (15th day)3. Firstfruits Resurrection4. Weeks (50 days after Passover) Coming of the Spirit5. Trumpets (7th month) A new day6. Day of Atonement (10th day) ..now & not yet7. Tabernacles (15th day) Life together
  5. 5. Categories of law:Justice & righteousnessLove & mercyGrace & generousityWisdom & godliness
  6. 6. The example of Solomon (1 Kings 3:5-15)The example of Jesus (Matthew 7:24ff.)The example of James (James 1:5; 3:13-18)The example of Paul (Ephesians 5:15ff.)
  7. 7. “God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore. Solomons wisdom was greater than the wisdom of all the men of the East, and greater than all the wisdom of Egypt. He was wiser than any other man, including Ethan the Ezrahite (Ps. 89) - wiser than Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol. And his fame spread to all the surrounding nations. He spoke three thousand proverbs and his songs numbered a thousand and five. He described plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of walls. He also taught about animals and birds, reptiles and fish. Men of all nations came to listen to Solomons wisdom, sent by all the kings of the world, who had heard of his wisdom.” (1 Kings 4:29-34)
  8. 8. “Wisdom is the basic principle in God’srevelation…in which he imparts under-standing to mankind. Without it the worldand human life would be devoid ofmeaning. It is the all-pervasive forcecreated by God even before the world – itpermeates the universe, the natural worldand the social order of all human beings.” C. Hassell Bullock
  9. 9. The Torah (5 books of the Law)The Prophets Former: Joshua, Judges, Samuel & Kings Latter: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel & The TwelveThe Writings Major: Job, Psalms, Proverbs The Five Scrolls: Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther
  10. 10. Poetic books (for wisdom & worship)Proverbs (right, wrong & daily decisions)Job (why do good people suffer)Ecclesiastes (what’s the meaning of life)Song of Songs (true love & how to find it)Psalms (songs – wisdom in worship & prayer)
  11. 11. Wisdom is practicalWisdom is everywhere The homeWisdom is a gift from GodWisdom is a lifestyle The schoolWisdom must be chosen (Wisdom literature) The “fear of the Lord”Wisdom in a proverbWisdom in a song (personal relationship)Wisdom in a poem
  12. 12. “Wisdom is not something you do, rather it is a way of doing things. This is born out by the bewildering variety of human endeavours mentioned in the OT in connection with wisdom…such as governing a nation, the interpretation of dreams, the construction of the Tabernacle, the management of a crisis, the efficient keeping of ones home or even so simple a matter as chopping wood. Wisdom has the advantage of giving success to those who possess it. Whatever you do – can be done with wisdom. It is invariably displayed in concrete, practical living. Wisdom is basically skill – to be wise is to be skilful at living.” (William Mouser)
  13. 13. Songs of worship A poemSongs of joy (or collection of poetry)Songs to shout! An erotic love poemSongs to help you crySongs for the road An unusual, erotic loveSongs for the blues poem (470 words) An unusual – but wiseHeartfelt prayers erotic love poem
  14. 14. “Seize the day boys, and make your life extraordinary!”
  15. 15. “The Hebrew language has an intrinsic musical quality that is inclined naturally toward poetic expression. Beneath the translation lies a poetic beauty & grandeur that is not surpassed in any other language. Even though the English reader is at a decided disadvantage as they approach Hebrew poetry, the rhythm & meter can be detected fairly well with persistent study.” (Bullock)
  16. 16. It’s all about (1) pattern & (2) rhythmParallelism The main feature! Main task is to find the connection between A & BFigures of speech Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, Ellipsis, Metonomy, Irony, Synecdoche, Idiom, Anthropomorphism, Personification, Rhetorical questions
  17. 17. Synonymous (repetition of same thought)Antithetic (contrast between two lines – “but”)Synthetic (2nd line completes the 1st) Don’t forget those amazing Acrostics & Chiasms!
  18. 18. Remember you’re reading a poem or a song! What do you do with poems? Read What do you do with songs? Sing What do you do with prayers? Speak Don’t read poetry like Historical prose He did this. Don’t read poetry like Law Do this! Don’t read poetry like Prophecy …or else!
  19. 19. Song of Solomon (later addition)Canticles (Latin: “Songs”)“Song of songs, which is Solomon’s” (Heb.)Song of songs ie. Of all songs, this is the best – the most beautiful!
  20. 20.  Adam & Eve  Miss Saigon Romeo & Juliet  Hunchback of Notre Dame Paris & Helen of Troy  West Side Story Antony & Cleopatra Henry & Catherine… &  Wuthering Heights Anne, Jane, Anne,  Ghost Catherine & Catherine  King Kong Casanova & everyone  Love Story Charles & Diana  Gone with the wind …or Camilla  Casablanca Ken & Barbie
  21. 21. O, my love is like a red, red rose, thats newly sprung in June. O, my love is like a melody, thats sweetly playd in tune.As fair thou art, my bonnie lass, so deep in love am I, And I will love thee still, my dear, till a the seas gang dry.Till a the seas gang dry, my dear, and the rocks melt wi the sun! And I will love thee still, my dear, while the sands of life shall run.
  22. 22. O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night Like a rich jewel in an Ethiopes ear; Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear! So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows, As yonder lady oer her fellows shows.The measure done, Ill watch her place of stand, And, touching hers, make blessed my rude hand. Did my heart love till now? forswear it, sight! For I neer saw true beauty till this night. (Romeo & Juliet Act 1 Scene 5)
  23. 23. 117 verses8 chapters1 scroll (part of “The Writings”)10 pages (in my NIV)…& yet…500 commentariesWritten over 17 centuries
  24. 24. 1. Solomon (the “lover”)2. His wife (the “beloved”) Daughter of the prince of Egypt A Shulammite3. The friendsThe setting: …a garden & a bedroom “Back to the garden…of Eden”
  25. 25. Title (Song of songs)Anticipation of love (1:2-2:7)Blossoming of love (2:8-3:5)Consummation of love (3:6-5:1)Maturing of love (5:2-8:4)Conclusion (Love is…)
  26. 26. “The passion of love bursting into flame is more powerful than death, stronger than the grave.Love cannot be drowned by oceans or floods; it cannot be bought, no matter what is offered.” (8:6-7 CEV)
  27. 27.  “It’s like a lock for which the key has been lost” Allegorical vs. LiteralYahweh & Israel Solomon & his wifeChrist & the Church Man & a woman
  28. 28. It’s about loveIn Greek - 4 words, philos, storge, eros,& agape …in Hebrew - 1 achabahIt’s about sexual intimacyIt’s about marriage
  29. 29.  Negative attitudes (from the “Church”) Love is personified by God Sex was designed by God Marriage was instituted by God “History began with a wedding & will climax with a wedding banquet”
  30. 30.  You were made for intimacyLook for it. If you find it, treasure & nurture it Sex is good, from God - it should be enjoyed and protected Get into poetry, get creative & get romantic