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South Asia


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South Asia

  1. 1. South Asia
  2. 2. <ul><li>Subcontinent – a large landmass that is smaller than a continent. </li></ul>The Indian Subcontinent includes : Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh
  3. 3. Mountains and Plateaus <ul><li>Himalaya Mountains – a system of parallel mountain ranges. </li></ul><ul><li>Subcontinent – a large landmass that is smaller than a continent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Maldives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World’s highest mountains formed by the collision of tectonic plates. </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia has half the landmass of the United States but nearly four times the population. </li></ul>
  4. 4. South Asia United States <ul><li>Land Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,656,401 sq. miles 3,165,630 sq. miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,400,000,000 290,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ganges 1,560 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmautra 1,800 miles Mississippi 2,357 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest 29,035 feet Mt. McKinley 20,320 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K2 28,250 feet </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Formation of the Himalayas The Himalayas are among the youngest mountain ranges on the planet. According to the modern theory of plate tectonics, their formation is a result of a continental collision along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate.
  6. 6. Eurasian collision The Indo-Australian plate is still moving at 67mm/year, and over the next 10 million years it will travel about 1500 km into Asia.
  7. 9. Hindu Kush Separate Pakistan from Afghanistan
  8. 11. Southern Plateaus <ul><li>Deccan Plateau – covers much of south-central India </li></ul><ul><li>Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats – are located along the southern border of India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These Mountains block moisture from reaching the Indian interior, making it an arid region. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><ul><li>Hardwoods, softwoods, and bamboo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation causes soil erosion, flooding, landslides, and a loss of wildlife </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>formed by three great river systems: the Indus, Ganges, and the Brahmaputra </li></ul><ul><li>great farmland </li></ul><ul><li>subject to disastrous flooding </li></ul>Northern Indian Plain
  11. 14. Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus <ul><li>These rivers support millions of people </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide water for irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>- Carry alluvial Soil </li></ul><ul><li>-creates the alluvial plain – Rich soil, great for crops </li></ul>
  12. 15. Offshore Islands <ul><li>Sri Lanka – large tear drop shaped island </li></ul><ul><li>Maldives Archipelago – (archipelago means an island group) </li></ul>
  13. 16. Mineral resources <ul><ul><li>Coal, petroleum (oil), natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(not enough to be self-supporting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron-ore deposits, mica (a component in electrical equipment) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Mt.Everest (as seen from Nepal)
  15. 18. Four peaks of the Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station looking south-south-east over the Tibetan Plateau.
  16. 19. The Himalaya, due to its large size and expanse, has been a natural barrier to the movement of people for a long time. In particular, this has prevented intermingling of people from the Indian subcontinent with people from China and Mongolia, causing significantly different languages and customs between these regions.
  17. 20. Nepali culture is very similar to the cultures of Tibet, and India, which borders to the south. There are similarities in clothing, language and food.
  18. 21. Nepal Located between the giants China to the north and India to the south this country is home to more than 20 million people of around 50 ethnic groups.
  19. 22. A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchical government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state.
  20. 23. Nepal Ghandrung Village and Annapurna South
  21. 24. sherpas Nepalese guides or porters hired for mountaineering expeditions in the Himalayas.
  22. 25. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay ( not pictured here) were the first to ascend Everest, the world's tallest mountain, in 1953.
  23. 27. Glacial lakes in Bhutan
  24. 28. Taktsang Monastery The Buddhist Taktsang Monastery, &quot;Tiger's Nest,&quot; perches on a cliff above Paro Valley in Bhutan, a tiny kingdom between China and India on the Great Himalaya Range.
  25. 29. The Ganges river has a long history of reverence in India and is often called the 'holy Ganga'. It traces its origin to a glacier in the Himalayas and joins the Alaknanda River to form the Ganga. Alluvial plain
  26. 30. The Ganges flows across the large plains of North India and empties into the Bay of Bengal after dividing up into many distributaries.
  27. 31. Varanasi is closely associated with the Ganges and has many temples along its banks
  28. 33. Sacred waters Hindus have long believed that the water of Ganga has a special purity.  Studies conducted in 1983 on water samples taken from the right bank of the Ganga at Patna confirm that escheria coliform (E.Coli.), fecal streptococci and vibrio cholerae organisms die two to three times faster in Ganga than in water taken from the rivers Son and Gandak and from dug wells and tube wells in the same area.
  29. 34. Pollution The Ganges collects large amounts of human pollutants as it flows through highly populous areas. These populous areas, and other people down stream, are then exposed to these potentially hazardous accumulations.
  30. 35. Delta Formed as the Ganges River empties into the Bay of Bengal after dividing up into many distributaries
  31. 36. Bangladesh Surrounded by India, this country on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal shares a small common border with Myanmar.
  32. 37. The borders of Bangladesh were set by the partition of India in 1947, when it became the eastern wing of Pakistan , separated from the western wing by 1,000 miles.
  33. 38. Bangladesh The country is low-lying riverine land traversed by the many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers.
  34. 39. Rabindranath Tagore The Bengali poet, dramatist, and writer from Santiniketan, became in 1913 the first Asian Nobel laureate. He won his Nobel Prize in Literature for notable impact his prose works and poetic thought had on English, French, and other national literatures of Europe and the Americas.
  35. 41. Bangladesh
  36. 42. <ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Maldives </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>128,133,000 </li></ul><ul><li>877,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1,065,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>286,000 </li></ul><ul><li>23,930,000 </li></ul><ul><li>150,648,000 </li></ul><ul><li>19,169,000 </li></ul><ul><li>290,000,000 </li></ul>Populations of South Asia
  37. 43. Flooding Tropical monsoons and frequent floods and cyclones inflict heavy damage in the delta region
  38. 44. In 1998, a devastating monsoon season in Bangladesh left nearly 70% of the country underwater for 2 months.
  39. 45. Feni dam project An important project in Bangladesh was the closure of the Feni dam. This dam is mainly closed using manpower.
  40. 46. Pakistan The Partition
  41. 47. Indus Water Treaty This water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan was signed in 1960 by the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the then President of Pakistan Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan .
  42. 48. Kashmir Pakistan, India, and China claim Kashmir as their own.
  43. 49. Pakistan P akistan extends along either side of the historic Indus River, following its course from the mountain valleys of the Himalayas down to the Arabian Sea.
  44. 50. K2 – World’s second highest peak
  45. 51. Demographics Pakistan's population of 128 million is one of the fastest-growing in Asia. The two largest ethnic groups are the Punjabis, an Indo-Aryan people who dominate political and business life, and the Pashtuns, who work mainly as herders and farmers.
  46. 52. Pakistan The sixth most populous country in the world and the second most populous country with a Muslim majority. The city of Islamabad, with its mix of traditional Islamic architecture styles and modern features, became the capital city when it was officially moved here from Karachi in 1959.
  47. 53. King Faisal Mosque in Islamabad, one of the largest in the world. Pakistani society is largely multilingual and predominantly Muslim, with high regard for traditional family values
  48. 54. Indus River P akistan extends along either side of the historic Indus River, following its course from the mountain valleys of the Himalayas down to the Arabian Sea.
  49. 55. Karachi The financial capital and the largest city of Pakistan
  50. 56. Southern Plateaus <ul><li>Deccan Plateau – covers much of southern India </li></ul><ul><li>Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats – are along the southern border of India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These mountains block moisture from reaching the Indian interior, making it an arid region. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 57. Sri Lanka A teardrop-shaped tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent , i t was a British Empire crown colony for more than a century, gaining independence in 1948. Sri Lankan Army
  52. 58. Tamil Tigers The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers , is a militant organization that has been waging a secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan government since the 1970s in order to secure a separate state for the Tamil majority regions in the north of Sri Lanka.
  53. 59. The LTTE is proscribed as a terrorist organization by 32 countries.
  54. 60. Sri Lanka Long known as Ceylon , and as a popular port-of-call, it declared independence in 1948, subsequently changing its name to Sri Lanka in 1972.
  55. 61. Sri Lankan authorities report 30,196 confirmed deaths after the island was hit by the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on December 26, 2004.
  56. 62. The Republic of Maldives This archipelago island nation consists of a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean about 700 kilometers south-west of Sri Lanka.
  57. 63. atoll Coral reefs, originally fringing the edges of the island, become a barrier reef outlining the contour of the original coastline. After the original island slips entirely beneath the waves, all that is left is a coral atoll . A volcanic island forms in deep tropical waters, giving coral polyps a foundation to grow on. In time, the volcano becomes dormant and the island begins to subside.
  58. 64. Tourism The development of tourism has fostered the overall growth of the country's economy. Today, tourism is the country's biggest foreign exchange earner, contributing to 20 percent of the GDP.
  59. 65. Tsunami The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004.
  60. 66. South Asia Links <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// /wiki/Maldives </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,%20India.jpg </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>