– Dynamic Trust Portfolio –
– Electronic Signatures Verification Status –
ALL APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS "ESIGNED"
(See Electronic Signature Page)
Initially created as a Nevada-sitused Living Trust Estate Plan
– with –
SUMMIT TRUST COMPANY of Nevada
as “default backup” (Corporate) Successor Trustee
~ Provided By ~
MY LIFECARD PLAN
7373 E. Doubletree Ranch Rd., #200
Scottsdale, AZ 85258
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS / IMPLEMENTATION
Congratulations on your purchase! You have taken the first steps to help (i) enable specific
proxy management/distribution of your assets in your stead (estate planning), and (ii) ensure
your medical (emergency) preparedness. Now you will need to properly implement your plan.
Enclosed are the documents that comprise your –
Dynamic Trust Portfolio
PLEASE NOTICE: A SHADED CHECKED BOX is positioned at the lower right hand
corner of the pages where (a) you have to sign, (b) the Notary Public has to sign, (c) where
witnesses enter their names and sign, and (d) where the current date is to be entered for the
initial implementation of your Trust/Portfolio. NON-SHADED CHECKED BOXES are located
on certain Trust pages (12-14) with optional decrees. The "Portable Document Format" / PDF
page numbers posted to the right (>) of the document page numbers (listed below) locate the
"signature page(s)" of each document stored in your electronic (Dynamic Trust Portfolio) PDF
(NOTE: The Agent Notices are not to be signed until the time they are to be used.)
Co-Grantor (Marital) Living Trust / Pages 1 & 32 > . . PDF/64
Certificate of Trust / Pages 1 & 5 > . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PDF/72
Contemporaneous Property Agreement / Page 1 > . . . PDF/74
Assignment of Personal Property / Page 1 > . . . . . . . . PDF/75
Durable Power of Attorney Assets / Pages 3-4 > . . . . . PDF/111-2&115-6
Durable Power of Attorney Health Care / Page 4 > . . PDF/122&126
Advanced Health Care Directives / Page 8 > . . . . . . . PDF/138&148
Durable HIPAA Statement(s) / Pages 1-2 > . . . . . . . . PDF/139-0&149-0
Pro-Life Living Will(s)* / Pages 1-2 > . . . . . . . . . . . . . PDF/151-2&153-4
Living Will Declaration(s) / Page 3 > . . . . . . . . . . . . . PDF/157&160
Last Will & Testament(s) / Pages 1-2 & 4-5 > . . . . . . PDF/165-6&170-1
*The "Pro-Life" Living Will states that the Declarant does not want to be denied hydration
and/or tube feeding – under any circumstances. Be advised that such a signed declaration may
be deemed to be in conflict with a regular Living Will Declaration and/or other entries you may
make in your Advanced Directives.
NOTICE: The instructional information contained in this (co-grantor) Dynamic Trust
Portfolio is for reference ONLY, and is not intended to replace legal, tax planning, or
personal health care counsel. You should obtain independent counsel before acting on any
directives or other information described herein.
Congratulations on making the decision and taking the time needed to set up your
Revocable Living Trust Estate Planning Portfolio. This Living Trust Portfolio
represents a detailed and well organized estate plan for you that will meet your
personal estate planning goals and objectives when implemented and funded
This first section, containing the Portfolio Summary, has been designed as a guide
to take you through the rest of your Estate Planning Portfolio. Here you will find
concise explanations of each subsequent section.
The Portfolio Summary can be used as a reference for explanations of all of the
various legal documents used in creating your estate plan. It also contains brief,
generic summaries of each article in your trust document itself.
In this section, you will find information about various documents and functions
of your Portfolio. If you have a (Portfolio) question you cannot find an answer to,
then you should contact your legal counsel or tax advisor.
This section will also be helpful to your successor trustee concerning the use of
certain administrative and other documents, and it can be used as an additional
reference when reviewing the Trustee Memorandum.
This section is for instructional purposes only. There are no legal documents
contained in this section and no documents to sign.
(Marital Universal [A/B/C] Trust)
First, thank you for your purchase. We know that you will be well served with this
comprehensive estate plan. With the Revocable Living Trust (RLT), you have incorporated
what is now a very popular mechanism used by millions of Americans that will protect you
from unnecessary expenses incurred through formal administration of your estate (during
lifetime and) when transferring your assets upon decease and allow you to maintain complete
control of your estate.
These objectives will be easily accomplished provided that your assets are transferred
into the trust. In all likelihood, it would be of vital importance that your assets be transferred
into your trust as soon as possible. The Trustee Memorandum (next section) covers that subject
as well as the last page of this section.
The Living Trust is actually only one of several parts of your entire Estate Planning
Portfolio which includes various documents that will be very convenient to you and your
family when certain needs arise requiring their use. Each document, and how they are used,
will be discussed in this summary.
The Portfolio Summary was designed to help give you a better understanding of your
Portfolio. You can study this summary along with the documents in your Portfolio at your
leisure. As you can see, there are ten (10) sections in your Estate Planning Portfolio including
this one that you are now in. Let us briefly discuss each section:
This first section (the one you are now reading) contains an explanatory of your
Portfolio. It is designed to help you familiarize yourself with your entire compilation of estate
planning documents. This explanatory/summary will be a guide for you now and then later
when your successor trustee assumes the administration of the trust.
This second section is a directive for trustee duties and functions which are to be
performed at different phases of trust administration. It is not intended to take the place of
professional advice and help if it is needed; however, it can be used as a general guideline
regarding the responsibilities of the trustee of your trust.
Portfolio Summary Page 1 (of 9)
REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST
This third section is the actual trust itself. Your Revocable Living Trust (RLT) is, as the
name implies, fully revocable. This means that you may alter, amend or totally revoke the trust,
in part or in whole, without the approval of any other person concerning your own property
(your spouse has control of his/her property).
The following is a brief review of each Article in your trust:
The Declaration and Recitals declare (i) who you are, (ii) what you are and (iii)
your purpose for establishing a revocable living trust. The name you have given your trust is
shown here as well. Occasionally, transfer agents want to know the name of your trust for
transfer/retitling purposes although (legally) it is not necessary to use the name of the trust as a
title owner. Only the name of the trustee and the date the trustee was proclaimed as trustee
(UDT) are necessary for retitling purposes (although the name of the trust can be used also).
Article One - defines how your property is held in the trust, i.e. - community,
tenants-in-common or sole & separate property. Instructions are given as to the use of the
Chattel Schedule for the disposition of your personal property to specified persons. This allows
you to hold your personal property in trust and have it distributed by the trustee at time of
death, rather than by your Will, and thereby eliminating the need to have it probated.
Article Two - states your reservation of rights, as settlors, and declares your
power and authority to change or revoke a portion or all of the trust. These revocation rights are
also referred to as "general powers of appointment".
Article Three - is a statement concerning basic trustee responsibilities of the
successor trustee, if appointed during the (mutual) lifetime of the settlors, as it regards the
administration of the settlors' assets for the settlors benefit. When you (as settlors) are serving
as trustee, trustee administration is more of a token formality, rather than an actual function,
during your joint lifetimes.
Article Four - is used as a directive for the payment of any debts of the first
spouse to die. Additionally, this Article provides the language used to determine what type of
Marital Trust format will ultimately be utilized for your estate plan. There are three different
Marital Trust formats normally used in Marital Trust planning - Non A/B Trust, the A/B Credit
Shelter Trust and the A/B Trust with a QTIP provision. Notwithstanding the provisions of this
Article to split the Trust into 3 distinct sub-trusts (A/B/C) at the death of the first spouse to die,
in the event that the aggregate estate value (of both spouses) is less than the federal exemption
equivalent amount at the time of death of the first spouse to die, then the trustee is not to
partition the trust assets (into A/B) because the trust provides that all of the trust estate shall be
under the control of the surviving spouse in the event that the aggregate estate value is less
than the exemption amount at the time of the first spouse's death.
Portfolio Summary Page 2 (of 9)
The Non A/B format does not utilize any tax planning formulas - when
the first spouse dies the entire estate belongs to the surviving spouse. The A/B format uses a
Credit Shelter (Bypass Trust) to take advantage of the unified credit of the first spouse to die
and yet keep the estate of the first spouse to die IN TRUST for his/her lifetime use. The A/B/C
format contains the A/B provisions along with a Qualified Terminable Interest Property (QTIP)
provision; the QTIP provision allows the decedent settlor to control his/her entire estate even if
it exceeds the federal exemption equivalent amount and still shelter it, or at least defer it, from
transfer tax. Whatever size your estate is at the death of the first spouse to die will determine
which tax planning format is to be used in this Marital Universal Trust.
Concerning the accounting procedure(s) to be used when creating A/B
partitioning at the first spouse's death, in many cases, the trustee need not partition undivided
interests or "retitle" certain properties for this accounting function; allocations can oftentimes
be used instead. Whatever method is used, it is important that the allocations or divisions be
made and be properly accounted for when creating an A/B split. If no A/B split is needed then
such accounting entries do not have to be made. In many cases, the trustee need not make a
division of undivided interests or "retitle" certain properties for partitioning the trust assets
(when necessary); rather the allocations can be accomplished by using prorata values and
Article Five - concerns the administration of the Survivor's Trust "A" after the
A/B split. The surviving spouse has full control (general power of appointment) of Trust "A".
The surviving spouse may elect to have the successor trustee serve at this time and this Article
shows how the successor trustee is to administrate the trust estate on behalf of the surviving
spouse. Additionally, the successor trustee may elect to pay any debts of the surviving spouse,
after such spouse's death, out of the funds of Trust "A" before such funds are commingled with
Trust "B" (and Trust "C").
Article Six - outlines those administrative provisions you have elected to use
concerning assets of Trust "B" (Decedent's Trust) and Trust "C" (Qualified Terminal Interest
Trust) used to support the surviving spouse (or children from Trust "B", if so elected) during
surviving spouse's lifetime. Trust "C", as defined in this Article, must pay all income to the
surviving spouse for his/her lifetime. Also, any distributions that are to occur immediately at
the death of the first spouse to die will be described in this Article.
Article Seven - makes provisions for the trustee to allocate legal and binding
reductions of a trust estate, as a result of estate taxes, passing to the beneficiaries of the settlors'
estate who are beneficiaries of property passing outside of the trust. Without these provisions,
there could be unequal reductions in estate portions allocated to the trust beneficiaries in the
event that there is an estate tax due. An example - beneficiaries of your life insurance, who may
be different than the beneficiaries of your trust, would receive the insurance proceeds in full
without a prorata reduction relative to any estate taxes due.
Article Eight - outlines the final distribution and administration of the residual
trust estate which is the remaining property in trust after the death of the last spouse to die. The
instruction concerning the portions of your estate to be distributed to your beneficiaries or held
in trust for a particular time are given in this Article (and Article Nine when necessary).
Portfolio Summary Page 3 (of 9)
Article Nine - lists not only the person(s) (usually yourselves) presently
appointed to serve as trustee but also lists the names of the successor trustee(s) and describes
the selection process of such appointees. The successor trustee(s) appointment is made
effective upon certain contingencies which are: (a) resignation, (b) incapacitation or (c) death
of the settlor(s). All appointments are, of course, subject to your change.
Article Ten - concerns trustee administrative guidelines regarding property held
in trust for beneficiaries who are not to receive an outright distribution. This Article is also a
full definition of the parameters of the trustee's power and authority. These rules are generally
referred to as "prudent man" rules. These rules coincide with the Uniform Trustee Powers Act
formulated under a uniform code which was adopted by most states. Unless you have directed
otherwise, the successor trustee shall govern the trust assets (if the assets are to be held in trust
after the death of both settlors) as would a prudent man seeking to gain income, interest and
dividends yet preserving the principal; additionally, the trustee may invest in equities as well as
Article Eleven - applies to legal descriptions, general governing provisions and
definitions of trust law. These standards are recognized in general trust law and usually need
not be changed unless you wish otherwise - example - you may not want reference to adopted
children as legal descendants for the purposes of receiving an inheritance.
Article Twelve - outlines the basic procedures for the trustee's receiving
insurance proceeds payable to him/her as a trustee/fiduciary. This Article will help expedite the
payment of any insurance policy to be payable to the trustee (as a result of making the trust the
beneficiary) as the insurance company is careful to not make any mistakes concerning
payments to beneficiaries of their insurance policies.
Article Thirteen - pertains to any stock which may be transferred into the trust
that is classified as Professional Corporation (PC) stock. PC stock can only be administrated by
the professional, thus as sole trustee of, and not by any other person who is considered to be a
"non-professional" as described by state statues.
Article Fourteen - acknowledges the non-liability of separate parties such as
transfer agents and the like who, absent from fraud, shall not be liable for any impropriety
committed by any trustee of your trust.
Article Fifteen - allows the Certificate of Trust to be used in lieu of the trust
itself when presenting evidence of (i) the settlors' duly appointed general power of appointment
and (ii) the trustee's authority concerning conveyances and transfer of assets from and/or to the
Article Sixteen - gives power to the trustee to transmute (or change) jointly
owned property, of the spouses, to sole and separate property of each spouse. This is applicable
in cases where such transaction may avoid a "spend-down" of the trust estate when one spouse
(during settlors' joint lifetimes) requires some type of professional or institutionalized care in
which a local, state or federal agency would otherwise supply the care or funds for such care.
Portfolio Summary Page 4 (of 9)
CERTIFICATE OF TRUST
This fourth section contains the Certificate of Trust which is a document containing
certain provisions from particular Articles of the trust itself. So, we can refer to this instrument
as an "abstract" of the trust. This abstract is complete with enough information taken from your
trust to enable those who are transfer agents (brokers, bankers, account managers etc.) to
legally, and without any liability on their part, transfer your property from you - to you as
trustee - without (the agents) having to secure a complete copy of the trust. Remember that
once the certificate is executed by your signature(s), you can continue to use a photo copy(s) of
the executed certificate as an original.
SCHEDULES, LEDGERS & DEEDS
This fifth section contains transfer/funding related documents such as the
Contemporaneous Property Agreement, Assignment of Tangible Personal Property, Quit Claim
Deed(s), Secured Realty Interest, etc. The Asset Schedules onto which you may list your titled
assets (death benefits payable to trustee are listed on Schedule "D") that are funded into your
trust are held in this section. You will retain the character of your property, whether it is jointly
owned or separately owned, by the proper entry on these respective Schedules. The Asset
Accounting Ledgers are to be used by the trustee (usually the surviving spouse) to designate
assets as portioned or held on account to each respective subtrust (A, B & C) for record
keeping. Also included in this Section is the Locater Reference Ledger for use in maintaining a
handy list of pertinent names and addresses of beneficiaries of your Trust.
This sixth section is a compilation of documents reducing or eliminating any need for
future drafting of such documents thereby voiding any additional costs; they have already been
created for you. Let's briefly discuss each one:
Amendment - Apportion Trust Estate allows you, the settlors, to determine,
before the death of the first spouse to die, that the marital trust will be split/apportioned into
two separate trusts - Trust "A" & Trust "B" - regardless that it may not be necessary for tax
purposes. The premise of this amendment technique allows the estate of the first spouse to die
to be protected from a spend-down of his/her portion of the estate because of a lawsuit or
because of a long-term nursing care situation that may cause a spend-down of the surviving
spouse's estate. Also, it ensures that the decedent spouse can control his/her portion of the
estate even after death in that it will be administrated and distributed according to his/her
Amendment - Five & Five Rule allows you, the settlors, to select, before the
death of the first spouse to die, the option of allowing the surviving spouse to receive Five
Thousand dollars ($5,000) or five percent (5%) of the principal of the Trust "B" (if the A/B
format is used), whichever is greater, on an annual non-accumulative basis; this does not forego
any of the other options already in place.
Portfolio Summary Page 5 (of 9)
Amendment - Surviving Spouse Forfeiture of Trust "B" Benefits by Remarriage
can be executed by both settlors to require that if the surviving spouse remarries then the
surviving spouse shall no longer receive benefits of Trust "B" and it shall terminate and be
distributed outright to the heirs as though the surviving spouse had then died.
Relinquishment of Trustee Duty (for each spouse) allows a settlor/trustee to
voluntary resign as trustee thereby allowing the remaining settlor to serve alone. This is a
voluntary relinquishment of a co-trusteeship position with a spouse.
Independent Co-Trustee Authority (for each spouse) allows a settlor/trustee to
authorize his/her spouse/trustee to act independently as a sole trustee of the trust, in all events,
even though both spouses are currently serving as co-trustees.
Relinquishment of Trusteeship (to successor trustee) is the document that you,
as settlor, would execute in the event you wanted to voluntarily relinquish your trusteeship to
the successor trustee whom you have already named and appointed in the trust. This document
can be executed by both spouses simultaneously or the surviving spouse.
Successor Trustee's Notice is the document that will be executed by the named
successor trustee upon one of three of the contingencies occurring that would empower him/her
with the right and authority to act as trustee. This Notice is to be used for fiduciary transactions
as a trustee. It enables the parties, whom the successor trustee is transacting with, to know that
such appointee is now acting as trustee. This document would be used with one of any three
documents viz - (i) Relinquishment of Trusteeship, (ii) Medical Certification or (iii) Death
Successor Trustee's Declination is the document used by the appointed successor
trustee if he/she desires to rescind his/her appointment by vacating or declining such
appointment. The execution of this document would be sufficient proof of his/her
vacation/declination. The trustee resignation can take up to 60 days, after the deliverance of the
Notice, to become effective. Once trusteeship is accepted, however, it generally requires the
majority vote of the beneficiaries to allow the trustee to resign from such duties in order for the
resigning trustee to be indemnified from and against any liabilities.
Successor Trustee's Termination is the document you would execute in the event
you decide to revoke the trusteeship of the (successor) trustee who may be serving at the
present time (other than yourselves) because of your earlier incapacitation or resignation. This
makes it clear to all transfer agents that you, the settlor(s), are now serving as trustee of your
Amendment - Trustee Appointment Change is the document you would execute
in the event that you change your mind about your appointment of the successor trustee whom
you had appointed to serve in such capacity. Do not confuse this with the Successor Trustee's
Termination document; that document applies to after the successor trustee has begun serving
as trustee. This document applies to making the change before the successor begins serving.
Identify the name of the rescinded appointee under the paragraph of revocation and then list the
name of the person you are appointing to serve in lieu of the first appointee.
Portfolio Summary Page 6 (of 9)
Amendment - Distribution of Assets allows you to make a (small) change in
your trust describing the final distribution of your assets. Normally, you should seek
professional help with this type of change in your trust. Nevertheless, a small change or
alteration can be accomplished with this document and therefore you need not incur additional
costs to draft an amendment for such a change/alteration.
Medical Certification(s) is the document which would be executed by your
attending physician on your behalf to certify that, in his/her opinion, you are unable, because of
mental or physical incapacities, to carry on the normal duties of trustee of your own trust. This
document legally circumvents any requirements that you ever have to be adjudicated in a court
of law as being incapacitated (providing your assets are held in this trust) and thus a court-
governed conservatorship will be unnecessary.
DURABLE POWERS OF ATTORNEY
This seventh Section contains separate documents used for two different purposes viz:
to (i) give another person the power to make fiduciary decisions, on your behalf, concerning
any assets not funded into your trust at the time of incapacitation and to (ii) make medical
decisions on your behalf in the event you are unable to do so:
Durable Power of Attorney Over Assets gives attorney-in-fact powers over your
assets to the person you have named as agent therein. It is called a "springing power of
attorney" in that it springs into effect when the contingency of incapacitation occurs (although
you can elect to make it effective immediately). This enables the DPA agent, whom you have
selected, to fund assets that have not been funded into the trust (for one reason or another)
instead of the necessity of a court-ordered conservatorship over such assets in the event of your
Durable Agent Notice is to be executed by your appointed agent, but only at the
time he/she is to begin acting on your behalf as your agent. The notice serves to notify, in
writing - whom it concerns - that your agent has accepted the appointment and will carry out
Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care (DPAHC) will allow your agent to
make medical decisions on your behalf in lieu of your own decisions concerning your desire for
specific medical procedures such as surgery or other medical treatment (including the
termination of life support systems), in the event you were unable to do so. It is now so closely
used in conjunction with the Living Will Declaration (below) by a large number of medical
institutions that the two documents are considered as one complete document in that one cannot
legally function without the other.
Portfolio Summary Page 7 (of 9)
LIVING WILL & ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
This eighth Section contains the Living Will and Advance Health Care Directives which
allow you to determine how you want medical care administered if you have a terminal illness or
are in a comatose state and all natural hope of your recovery has been exhausted. If such a condition
should happen to you, these instruments will serve to give notice that you desire to not be kept alive
by such artificial means. Your Living Will agents are also considered to be the guardian of your
person. In most cases, your Advance Health Care Directive can take the place of a Living Will.
LAST WILL & TESTAMENT
This ninth Section contains your will; however, it is better described as a Pour-Over
Will. It is always used in conjunction with a RLT and its function is to convey everything (you
may have forgotten to fund) into the trust at the time of your death. Such assets will go through
probate first, however, unless they are minimal in value. Additionally, you may appoint
guardians for your minor or incapacitated dependents and give any last instructions or
statements in your Pour-over Will.
TRUST ASSETS & CORRESPONDENCE
This tenth (and last) section contains "retitlement" letters (or other correspondence
regarding the trust) which you can mail to respective agencies (transfer agents) for transfer of
title or change of beneficiary of your various assets. There are other documents included in this
section for other functions. Let's examine each document:
Joint Request for Asset List & Retitlement is a requisition letter to send to
transfer agents, account managers, bankers etc. (transfer agents) requesting (i) a list of your
assets as well as (ii) a change of title of your jointly-held assets from yourselves to yourselves
as trustee with assets held in that particular account; make as many copies of this letter as
necessary for you to accomplish this matter. The letter is self explanatory to the agent and
should assist you very nicely.
Joint Request for Asset Retitlement functions the same as the previously
mentioned requisition letter but without a request for a list of your assets held on account with
the firm. The separate letter-requests (the documents following this one in the Portfolio)
function the same way but are for requesting retitlement for accounts held in a single name
(spouse or spouse) rather than for those held jointly.
Requisition for New Beneficiary Appointment (spouse or spouse) is a
requisition letter used to appoint the trust as the primary beneficiary of your life insurance or
other payable-on-death assets. It would be wise, in most cases, to keep your spouse as the
primary beneficiary of your IRA's and/or other qualified plans so that a tax free roll-over, of
qualified assets, would be available for your spouse. If your estate is large enough and your life
insurance policy is substantial (about $100,000 or more) then, in all likelihood, it would be
advantageous to appoint the trust/trustee as the primary beneficiary of the insurance for the
purposes of helping to avoid estate tax consequences at the death of the surviving spouse.
Portfolio Summary Page 8 (of 9)
Requisition for Contingent Beneficiary Appointment (spouse or spouse) is a
requisition used to appoint the trust (i.e. - the trustee) as the contingent beneficiary of your
insurance policies etc. In the event the primary beneficiary does not survive you (and there was
no contingent beneficiary alive) then the proceeds of your insurance, for example, would go to
the probate estate of the primary beneficiary since such beneficiary would not be alive to
receive the proceeds. Naming the trust as the contingent beneficiary will solve that problem.
For marital estates that are average or smaller, it's generally sufficient to name the trust as the
contingent beneficiary. It is recommended, however, that you consult your advisor on these
Stock & Bond Powers (joint and/or separate) are designed for retitling stock or
bond certificates without having to actually sign the certificate itself. This precludes mailing or
delivering certificates than can cause inconveniences or losses. A Signature Guarantor (a
member of the NYSE or commercial bank or trust company having its principal office or
correspondent in New York City) must "guarantee" your signature. When the signed stock
and/or bond powers are received by the transfer agent, they are simply attached to the
certificate - validating the transfer.
Portfolio Summary Page 9 (of 9)
This second section, containing the Trustee Memorandum, has been designed as a
directive for trustee duties and functions to be performed at different
administrative phases of your trust. It is not intended to take the place of
professional assistance/advice. However, it is a helpful guide regarding general
responsibilities of the trustee.
There are three different phases of trust administration over the entire existence of
your trust viz - (1) administrative duties during the lifetime of both settlors, (2)
administrative duties after the death of the first settlor to die, i.e., during the
lifetime of the surviving settlor and (3) administrative duties after the death of the
There will be functions and duties for the trustee to perform that are unique to
each phase. This section will help define the differences and identify the
Trust law exists around the ability of one (the settlor) to bestow responsibilities
on another (the trustee) who then accepts the obligations and carries them out.
The Trustee Memorandum will be helpful to any person carrying out these
important trust administrative functions.
This section is for instructional purposes only. There are no legal documents
contained in this section and no documents to sign. This memorandum is not
intended for replacement of tax or legal counsel; it is provided only as a
guideline for administration of a living trust.
TRUSTEE (ADMINISTRATIVE) MEMORANDUM
(Marital Universal [A/B/C] Trust)
There are three persons or entities in a Revocable Living Trust (RLT) - (i) settlor, (ii) trustee
and (iii) beneficiary. This memorandum is a reference digest on the duties and functions of the
trustee. There are three phases of trustee management/duties in a marital RLT defined as
PHASE ONE - SETTLORS' JOINT LIFETIMES:
- Transferring / Funding of Assets -
A. Your RLT is in existence the moment it is executed by you, the settlors. In order
to obtain the benefits of your trust, however, it is absolutely imperative to transfer (to fund)
your assets to the trustee. That is what the name "living trust" implies - the trust is funded while
the settlors are living. Different types of assets may require different procedures for funding;
however, the final outcome must always be the same - to hold the assets as trustee. Remember
that only those assets held in the trust (except for payable-on-death assets or right-of-
survivorship property) will avoid formal and supervised administration - probate.
B. In addition to the requisition for retitlement letters provided (in the last section
of this Portfolio) for transferring assets to your trust, you should use the Certificate of Trust
contained in Section Four; that is - have it available to present to the transfer agent if he/she
needs it. By doing so, you are providing him/her with a document proving your power and
authority to make such transfer which is a transfer from your present ownership status to your
ownership status as settlors/trustees.
1. Assets you presently own which have a "certificate of title" certifying
ownership (i.e. - real estate, bank accounts, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, limited partnerships,
safe deposit boxes, etc.) should always have the title transferred or changed - from you to you
as trustee (or to whomever is serving as trustee). Here is an example, which is used in this
Portfolio, of how to title your assets --
HENRY J. SMITH & MARY A SMITH, Trustees
SMITH FAMILY TRUST
Dated: (date of trust) , 2014
a. Real estate held in your name must be funded into the trust with a
quit claim deed that will transfer that certain piece of real estate property from you to the
trustee - to your trust.
Trustee Memorandum Page 1 (of 6)
b. All property that you are carrying paper on (example - deed of
trust) is not transferred as such; however, you must transfer the interest of that paper (the
payments sent to you) to the trust (to the trustee). After you have received the draft (a Secured
Realty Interest document) conveying such interest, you would then send a copy of the deed of
trust and the conveyance document in your Portfolio (the Secured Realty Interest document) to
the payor of the deed of trust and a requisition saying that from henceforth he/she is to send the
payments to the trustee.
2. Assets without a certificate-of-title should have an "assignment"
document (or bill of sale) assigning such asset to the trust. The Assignment of Tangible
Personal Property document will accomplish that for you. Assets held in bearer form
(certificate-less securities) should be kept in a safe deposit box titled to the trustee.
3. Assets such as IRA's, other qualified plans, annuities and life insurance
policies which have a payable-on-death provision in the contract (i.e. - a named beneficiary to
receive the assets at death of the insured) should name the trustee as either the primary or
contingent beneficiary and be listed on Schedule "D". Caution should be taken to ensure that
when a surviving spouse has a 60 day period for a roll-over option, such as in some IRA's, then
the trustee should be named as the contingent beneficiary. The spouse would, in this case,
remain as primary beneficiary.
- Administration & Duties -
C. During your joint lifetimes, as the settlors, you have complete and unhindered
control of the trust assets (even if another than yourselves is serving as trustee). In effect then,
the trustee has no significant responsibility during the joint lifetimes of both settlors (unless -
neither of the settlors is serving as trustee or are incapacitated).
D. You, as settlors, will continue your own fiduciary duties basically the same as
you did before you set up the trust with the exception that you buy and sell as trustees; thus,
transactions concerning your assets are accomplished as trustees and not as individuals.
E. The IRS no longer requires a separate tax ID number for a RLT (during the joint
lifetime of the settlors) as long as (i) the settlors file jointly and (ii) either one (or both) of the
settlors is serving as the trustee; simply report all income from trust assets on your 1040 just as
before. If any transfer agent insists on a tax ID number for your joint trust, instruct him/her to
read the retitlement letter carefully and to use your social security (personal tax ID) numbers.
1. If the above criteria are not met then the trust becomes a taxable entity
and a federal tax ID number must then be obtained by the filing of a SS-4 application form.
Thenceforth, all income must be reported on a 1041 (fiduciary income tax) form.
2. Check with the state revenue office of your domicile concerning the
filing of any fiduciary tax return regarding your living trust. Most individual state requirements
are similar to the federal government.
Trustee Memorandum Page 2 (of 6)
PHASE TWO - AT DEATH OF FIRST SPOUSE TO DIE:
- Taxation/Allocation/Record Keeping -
F. The Marital Universal Trust has been designed to cover all tax phases of marital
trust planning. If it is not necessary, for tax purposes, to apportion the trust estate into two
separate trusts (Trust "A" & Trust "B") then the trustee is not required, by the provisions of this
trust, to create the two trusts; the only exception would be if the settlors changed their minds
(during their joint lifetimes) and executed an amendment to require the split regardless of the
size of the estate.
1. If the aggregate value of the entire trust estate is less than the then
available exemption amount (at the time of death of the first settlor to die), as it pertains to the
transfer tax laws in effect at the time of this writing, then there is to be no split into Trust "A"
and Trust "B".
2. If the aggregate value of the entire trust estate is equal to or greater than
the then available federal exemption equivalent amount, then there shall be a split into Trust
"A" and Trust "B".
3. If there is a need, for tax purposes, to create the split at the death of the
first spouse to die then the trust estate should be allocated into three separate trusts - the
Survivor's Sub-Trust "A", the Decedent's Sub-Trust "B" and the Qualified Terminable Interest
Property Sub-Trust "C". Trust "C" would only be created, however, if the value of the estate of
the first spouse to die exceeds the exemption equivalent (from the transfer tax credit) then
available to the decedent's estate.
G. All trust assets should have a proper evaluation assigned to them. Additionally,
the trustee must apply for a tax ID number, for Trust "B", by filing a SS-4 Form (not necessary
if the surviving settlor does not want to subdivide the trust). All income, capital gains etc. must
then be reported on a 1041 (fiduciary income return); all income beneficiaries must be sent a
IRS K-1 form (and corresponding state forms) for the purpose of reporting income paid to them
from Trust "B"; the surviving spouse must receive all income from Trust "C" and thus the same
filing requirements apply.
H. If it is necessary to create Trust "C" because of the excess value of the
Decedent's estate, the trustee will need to take the "marital deduction" for the Trust "C"
property. QTIP is an acronym for "qualified terminable interest property", which, as the name
implies, may qualify a portion of the Decedent's estate for the marital deduction. Thus, there is
no tax to be paid on the Decedent's estate (until the Survivor dies, if necessary) even if it
exceeds the available exemption equivalent provided that trustee properly elects to qualify the
value of Trust "C" for the marital deduction. Current rules allow a fiduciary (trustee) to shelter
the value of Trust "C" under the Survivor's transfer credit (to the extent available) at the
Survivor's death. At the death of the Survivor, the QTIP property goes to the Decedent's
beneficiaries - determined in the trust by the Decedent (first spouse to die) before his/her death.
Trustee Memorandum Page 3 (of 6)
1. The burden of proof is on the trustee to prove the value of trust assets for
any estate tax due. Generally, for valuation purposes, the trustee must adhere to the "highest
and best use" rule when giving valuations to property for estate tax purposes.
2. A 706 Federal Estate Tax return can be filed even if the decedent's estate
is under the federal exemption limits and not subject to estate tax as a result of his/her available
Unified Credit; this is especially true if the decedent's gross estate value is near the maximum
allowable Exemption Equivalent. This establishes, with the IRS, the value of the decedent's
property at date of death (or six months later). Copies of appraisals etc. should be submitted
with a 706 if filed. The decedent's executor is required to file when the gross estate is over the
current allowable Exemption Equivalent.
3. Determinations of income, expenses and capital gains are usually divided
and allocated to the respective trusts. Additionally, federal law enables the trustee to minimize
or eliminate taxes by allowing a valuation of trust assets either at the date of death or at a date
six months after death.
4. To facilitate better management of assets, it is allowable to use "prorata"
allocations instead of re-registering title to assets or dividing undivided interests. Whichever
method is used, it is important that book entries in the accounting records be made in regard to
the allocation of such assets to the respective trusts. The trustee must distinguish between
income and principal in receipts and disbursements. Fair allocations may be required between
income and principal if there are income beneficiaries receiving income.
- Trustee Powers & Duties -
I. As a rule all trustee powers are set forth in the trust instrument. However, there
are certain implied laws (Uniform Trustee's Powers Act) which may be utilized in the general
administration of the trust. It is important to know that one of the trustee's duties concerning the
Decedent's Trust is that preservation of principal is a primary duty of the trustee; he/she must
act in good faith toward the income beneficiaries and remaindermen.
J. The trustee may delegate ministerial duties (accounting etc.) to another but may
not delegate discretionary authority and decision making unless the trustee formally resigns
(Successor Trustee Declination document).
K. In your trust, the trustee can buy and sell between the trustee and the trust
(unless drafted otherwise). This does not, however, allow for any self dealing if there is the
possibility of detriment to the beneficiaries. Generally, the trustee may not commingle his/her
property with that of the trust. Thus, proper record keeping is important.
L. The trustee has been given basic "prudent man" powers (unless you have
determined otherwise) which allow him/her to invest in equities as well as debt securities. In
general that means he/she is allowed to invest as a prudent man would in obtaining income and
at the same time preserving the principal.
Trustee Memorandum Page 4 (of 6)
M. If there are losses to the trust because of gross negligence or impropriety on the
part of the trustee or if the trustee fails to pay a death tax that was due, he/she could incur
PHASE THREE - AT DEATH OF SURVIVING SPOUSE:
N. Generally speaking, the duties of the successor trustee are basically the same as
were those of the surviving settlor/trustee. At the death of the surviving settlor, the assets of
Trust "B" and Trust "C" are added to by any remaining assets of Trust "A" if so designated (or
as you may have determined otherwise in your trust) and shall be combined to create the
Family Share which will either be divided into specific allocations or divided into trusts for
further administration for minor children etc.
O. The successor trustee may use the Certificate of Trust the same as the settlors
did for the purpose of transferring and transacting assets from or to the trust; the reason is that -
at this point, the trustee must now assume legal title to the assets. In making disbursements to
beneficiaries, the trustee must file a Successor Trustee Notice (and accompanying appendages)
with the respective transfer agents in order to initially obtain assets in his/her name - as trustee -
so that he/she may assume his/her appointment of trustee.
P. If the trust has been divided into different "sub-trusts" for the beneficiaries, the
successor trustee will have to keep separate accounts and/or devise an accounting method of
allocation to ensure proper allocation of income and/or principal distributions to the
beneficiaries for assets held IN TRUST until the final distribution is made.
Q. When a final distribution has been accomplished, the trustee has discharged
himself/herself from the duties of the trustee, provided, of course, that proper accounting, tax
return filing etc. has been made.
R. The duties of an administrator of an estate (the personal representative) and the
duties of a trustee of a trust (holding an estate in-trust) are usually quite similar if not identical
in many cases. The following page will define some final actions that may be required by the
Trustee Memorandum Page 5 (of 6)
- Administrator Checklist -
THE FOLLOWING - is a guideline/checklist for the administrator (personal representative) of
an estate. Generally the duties of an executor and trustee overlap. Usually the trustee is the
same person as the executor. If they are not, then they must work together in accomplishing the
goal of proper estate administration. Most of the following instructions are applicable in the
administration of the estate at the death of the first spouse to die as well as for the successor
trustee administration at the death of the surviving spouse:
The executor/trustee should immediately secure trust property for transferring such to
himself/herself as trustee (the trustee will not be able to make transactions or
distributions until title of such trust property has been properly vested to him/her).
Funeral arrangements, or applicable proceedings, should be arranged if not previously
made by the decedent and arrange for organ donations if the settlor or family expressed
such a desire.
As soon as possible the executor/trustee should locate known assets, remove contents of
decedent's safe deposit box, apply for any Veteran's Administration benefits, file life
and medical insurance, cancel all subscriptions etc.; have property appraised; and apply
for an estate ID number (Form SS-4) if the trust is currently or will be paying out
income and, if necessary, file an estate tax return (Form 706) for the decedent's estate.
The executor/trustee should now consider selling certain assets where necessary and
invest proceeds in liquid income-producing accounts (if prudence requires); consider
administration and final medical expense deductions on a 1041 or 706; check for
accumulation of pension/profit sharing benefits and life insurance payable to the trust
The executor/trustee should locate and list every insurance policy on the life of the
decedent (regardless of who owns it - for the purpose of the 3-year inclusion rule) and
check for any insurance policies on credit cards etc. Also, include a copy of any other
trust of which the decedent may have been a grantor/settlor.
Where applicable, the executor/trustee may revaluate the estate by using the alternate
valuation method and decide which date to use (date of death or 6 months later) on the
706 Form for final, property evaluation.
The decedent's final 1040 is to be filed (if necessary) by the 15th of April of the year
following the year of death; within nine months of death the 706 must be filed, if
necessary; filing of any outstanding gift tax returns must be done; any tax due must be
NOTICE: Our office now offers easy-to-use, online ESTATE SETTLEMENT SERVICES;
please contact our office for more information if estate settlement assistance is needed.
Trustee Memorandum Page 6 (of 6)
~ REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST ~
This third section contains the centerpiece of your Estate Planning Portfolio - the
Revocable Living Trust. In particular, this is a Marital Universal (A/B/C) Trust -
the trust format you have selected. This trust is completely under your control
(see Article One). You can transfer your assets back out of your trust just as
easily as you can transfer your assets in. Below are descriptions of Articles (of
your Trust) that you should review first.
Article Four defines the partitioning of the Trust that may be required for estate
tax purposes. If your aggregate estate value is less than the federal exemption
equivalent amount at the time of death of the first Settlor to die, then no
partitioning would occur (unless otherwise determined by an Amendment). The
stipulations to determine those events are found in this Article.
Article Six outlines the administrative (and distributive) provisions of the estate
of the first spouse to die - Trust B (the Credit Shelter Trust) and Trust C (the
amount of the decedent's estate, if any, which exceeds the exemption equivalent
amount and qualifies for the marital deduction yet remaining under the control of
the decedent spouse). Distributions of income and/or principal from Trust B and
Trust C - to the surviving spouse are provided here. Also, if there are to be
distributions to other beneficiaries, at the death of the first spouse to die, such
distributions are described in this Article.
Article Eight describes the final distribution of the Trust Estate at the death of
the surviving spouse. Read this Article through carefully to be sure it conforms to
the distribution format you want.
Article Nine confirms your declaration that you are serving as trustee as stated. It
also names the appointees that you have selected to serve as successor trustee(s).
Article Nine mandates the contingencies that must occur before the successor
trustee is to assume administrative responsibilities.
REVOCABLE LIVING TRUST
Declaration & Agreement
~ RECITALS ~
This Revocable Declaration of Trust acknowledged and referred to as the:
SMITH FAMILY TRUST
Dated: November 7, 2012
is hereby made and entered into on this day being the date stated above between –
HENRY J. SMITH & MARY A SMITH
(a married couple)
domiciled in the County of Maricopa, State of Arizona, hereinafter referred to as the
"Settlors/Creators" and HENRY J. SMITH & MARY A SMITH domiciled in Maricopa
County, State of Arizona, hereinafter referred to as the "Trustee(s)".
It is the primary purpose and intent of this Trust to provide for the management of the
Settlors' assets both presently and during any future period of disability. This Trust Agreement
is a chosen alternative preferred to guardianship or formal conservatorship proceedings that are
conducted in and supervised by a court of law. This Trust Agreement shall serve as a simplified
means of accomplishing both lifetime and death transfers of both Settlors' assets. Any
Restatement of Trust application(s) with respect to this Trust Declaration shall be
acknowledged on a separate, attached document.
- Declaration of Property Ownership -
1.1. The Settlors have contemporaneously transferred certain property to the Trustee
with the signing of this agreement, the receipt of which they, as Trustee, hereby acknowledge.
1.2. The Settlors shall list all of their co-owned property on Schedule "A" attached
herewith to be held in this Trust as Community property. All property owned separately by
HENRY J. SMITH, Spouse, held in this Trust as his Sole and Separate property shall be listed
on Schedule "B" attached herewith. All property owned separately by MARY A SMITH,
Spouse, held in this Trust as her Sole and Separate property shall be listed on Schedule "C"
(a) All property co-owned by the Settlors and transferred to Trustee by the
Settlors, as invested and reinvested, together with the rents, issues and profits therefrom, shall
be deemed as (and retain its character as) Community property of the Settlors, subject, however
to the provisions of this agreement.
RLT Page 1 (of 43)
(b) Sole and Separate property of either Settlor transferred to Trustee, as
invested and reinvested, together with the rents, issues and profits therefrom, shall retain its
character as separate property of the Settlor who transferred such property to Trustee, subject,
however to the provisions of this agreement.
1.3. The Settlors shall list all of their tangible personal property on separate
schedules (for each spouse), attached hereto and made a part hereof, in which they hereby
direct that, at their death, Trustee shall (first) distribute and deliver such property to the persons
described in such schedules to wit: the Spouse's tangible personal property shall be listed on
and distributed according to the "Spouse's Chattel Schedule" and the Spouse's tangible personal
property shall be listed on and distributed according to the "Spouse's Chattel Schedule". Any
such Chattel distributions shall not be deemed as a part of the recipient’s portion of this Trust
Estate as prescribed in Article Eight (infra) and the remainder Trust Estate – remaining after
any such specific “Chattel” distributions – shall be distributed as provided and prescribed in
Article Eight (infra).
1.4. All property with a "death benefit" owned by either Settlor which is made
payable to Trustee is listed on Schedule "D" attached herewith.
- Reservation of Rights -
2.1. The Settlors reserve the following rights, individually as to their respective
interest in Community property and as to their respective Sole and Separate property, to be
exercised at any time and from time to time by a written instrument effective immediately upon
its execution during their joint lives without the consent or participation of any other person:
(a) Settlors may amend this Trust, in whole or in part, or to revoke this Trust
agreement in its entirety (by a writing delivered to a Trustee other than themselves if such
Trustee is serving) and to remove any or all of their respective interests in their respective
property transferred to this Trust.
(b) Settlors may add any other property to this Trust by transferring such
property to Trustee, which property shall be described in a receipt signed by Trustee, and to add
any other property by their wills. Trustee shall administer and distribute any such property as if
it had been a part of the original Trust assets.
(c) Settlors may make payable to Trustee death benefits from insurance on
their lives, annuities, retirement plans or other sources. Settlors reserve all incidents of
ownership of such insurance and shall have the duties of safekeeping all documents, of giving
any necessary notices, of obtaining proper beneficiary designations, of paying premiums,
contributions, assessments or other charges and of maintaining any litigation.
RLT Page 2 (of 43)
(d) Settlors may direct any Trustee as to the retention, acquisition, or
disposition of any Trust assets by a writing delivered to such Trustee. Any assets retained or
acquired pursuant to such directions shall be retained as a part of this Trust Estate while they
are Trustee(s) unless otherwise directed in a like writing so delivered (Trustee shall not be
liable to anyone for any loss resulting from any action taken in accordance with any such
direction given by the Settlors).
(e) Settlors may examine the records of any Trustee appointed hereunder.
2.2. A Settlor's reserved powers, unless specifically provided otherwise herein or in
such Settlor's Will, are personal and shall not be exercisable by any other person, any guardian
or any legal representative.
2.3. Upon the death of either Settlor, the Trust Estate of the first Settlor to die –
being his/her sole and separate property (if any) and his/her interest in property jointly owned
(with the surviving Settlor) transferred to the Credit Shelter Trust (“B”) and the Qualified
Terminable Interest Property Trust (“C”) (if applicable) as described in Article Four – shall be
irrevocable and non-amendable; the surviving Settlor shall maintain full, unhindered control of
his/her Trust Estate – being his/her sole and separate property (if any) and his/her interest in all
property jointly owned with the (estate of the) deceased Settlor – as the Survivor's Trust (“A”)
further prescribed in Article Five.
2.4. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Article, however, the duties, powers,
liabilities and compensation of Trustee shall not be materially changed or altered without
Settlors' written notification to Trustee.
- Trust Administration During Settlors' Lifetime -
3.1. Trustee shall hold and distribute, for the benefit of the Settlors, the principal and
income of the Trust Estate out of their respective individual interests in their respective
Community and Sole & Separate property as follows:
(a) Trustee shall pay to the Settlors, or in accordance with their instructions,
such portions of net income and principal as directed in a writing (or otherwise) delivered to
(b) Trustee shall pay to or for the benefit of the Settlors, such portions of net
income and principal as Trustee, in such Trustee's discretion, deems necessary or advisable to
provide for their health, education, care, comfort, support, maintenance and general welfare.
3.2. Either Settlor may withdraw a portion or all of his/her Sole & Separate property
and/or interest in Community property (or other jointly-held property with his/her spouse) of
this Trust Estate at any time, from time to time, by a notification in writing to Trustee.
RLT Page 3 (of 43)
- Administration Upon Death of First Settlor -
4.1. The remaining Trust assets not effectively disposed of by the preceding Article
Three shall be allocated, administered and distributed by Trustee upon the death of the first
Settlor to die, hereinafter referred to as "Decedent", as follows (the surviving Settlor shall
hereinafter be referred to as "Survivor"):
(a) Trustee shall pay, after a prorata designation of common debts owed by
the Decedent and the Survivor respectively (e.g. one half of any common debt shall be charged
equally to each spouse), his/her (first spouse to die) debts, expenses of any last illness and
(b) Such payments shall be made first out of Decedent's Sole and Separate
property, unless such payments would require liquidation of Decedent's non-cash assets, and
then out of Decedent's interest in Settlors' Community property, to the extent that these shall
not be paid, or the responsibility for their payment be assured, by some other person or estate.
4.2. Trustee shall create three (3) separate trusts: the (1) Survivor's Trust - Trust "A",
the (2) Credit Shelter (Decedent's Trust) Trust - Trust "B", the (3) Qualified Terminable
Interest Property (QTIP) Trust - Trust "C" and apportion such Trust assets as follows:
(a) Trust "A" shall consist of all of the Survivor's interest in his/her
Community property, Tenants-in-Common property and all of his/her Sole and Separate
(b) Trust "B" shall consist of the largest amount, if any, of the Decedent's
Sole and Separate property of this Trust Estate and all of his/her interest in the Community
property and any of his/her interest in Tenants-in-Common property of this Trust Estate that
can pass free of federal estate tax by reason of the allowable federal unified credit and state
death tax credit allowable after deducting the value of property disposed of by previous Articles
of this trust and property passing outside of this trust that is includible in the Settlor's gross
estate that does not qualify for the marital or charitable deduction and after deducting charges
to principal that are not allowed as deductions in computing the federal estate tax. The values
finally determined for federal estate tax purposes shall be used for establishing the sums
allocated pursuant to this Article.
(c) Trust "C" shall consist of the remainder of the Decedent's Trust Estate
not allocated to Trust "B" - as determined by the formula in the previous paragraph (supra). The
Decedent's Executor (or the Trustee of this Trust, if appropriate) may elect, under Section
2056(b)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code as of 1986, as amended, to qualify all or any portion
of the property in such Trust "C" (not otherwise designated to the Credit Shelter Trust) for the
federal estate tax marital deduction as Qualified Terminable Interest Property and to be held
and administered under the provisions of Article Six.
RLT Page 4 (of 43)
(d) In making the computations necessary for determining the distributions
as provided in this Article, the values finally determined for federal estate tax purposes shall be
used. In the sole power and discretion of Trustee, the distributions may be either in cash or
property as selected by Trustee; provided, however, that all such property so selected shall be
valued at the value as finally determined for federal estate tax purposes. In allocating property,
Trustee shall select assets, including cash that are fairly representative, on the date or dates of
distribution, of appreciation or depreciation to determine the value of property available for
(NOTE TO SETTLORS: The following Section (4.3) provides a waiver regarding
the formation of the Unified Credit Shelter Trust - when specific conditions exist -
as described herein. A Trust “B” Apportionment Amendment is available in the
Portfolio Administrative Documents Section that can mandate the creation of Trust
“B” regardless that the aggregate value of the Trust Estate is less than the Federal
Exemption Equivalent amount at the date of death of the first spouse to die. If, or
when, your aggregate estate exceeds One Million Dollars [$1,000,000], it is
recommended to implement the Trust “B” Apportionment Amendment for estate tax
purposes because of the uncertainties of the federal transfer tax laws.)
(Tax Elections Not Required)
4.3. NOTWITHSTANDING this Article (Paragraphs of this Article preceding this
Paragraph), in the event that the total, aggregate net value of the estates of both the
Husband/Settlor and Wife/Settlor – after including the calculation of any lifetime taxable
transfers made during Settlors' joint lifetimes, by either Settlor – is less than fifty percent
(50%) of the then available “exemption equivalent" amount, being the amount which the
Federal Unified Credit would credit against federal gift & estate transfer taxes for an individual
transferor, provided to exempt any part of Settlors' estates through the application and election
of the Federal Unified Credit as defined under IRC section 2010 (as amended) and state death
taxes as defined under IRC section 2011 against any transfer tax incurred as a result of any
transfer of property as defined IRC section 2003, then Trustee shall not allocate any of the
estate of the first Settlor to die to the Credit Shelter Trust (Trust B).
(a) In such case of the Settlors' aggregate total net estate value being less
than fifty percent (50%) of the then available exemption equivalent amount, as described in
Paragraph 4.3, Trustee shall transfer all of the Decedent Settlor's Trust Estate directly to the
Survivor's Trust "A".
(b) Upon the death of the first Settlor to die, in such case (as described in
Paragraph 4.3), the Paragraphs of this Article pertaining to the division of the Trust Estate into
a Decedent's Trust (Trust B) and a Survivor's Trust (Trust "A") (and the creation of the QTIP
Trust, if needed) shall not apply. Article Five shall apply to the extent it pertains to the
surviving Settlor's general power of appointment over all Trust assets and Article Six (infra)
shall not apply and portions of Article Seven - applicable to the Decedent's Trust shall not
apply. Upon the death of the Survivor, in such case, the Trust Estate shall be distributed as per
Article Eight (below).
RLT Page 5 (of 43)
(c) Notwithstanding this Section 4.3 et seq., in the event that the surviving
Settlor elects to make an IRC section 2518 disclaimer regarding any allocations received from
the Trust Estate of the first Settlor to die (including as per this Section), then any such
disclaimed property shall be allocated/distributed to Trust “B” per Section 4.2 (supra) of this
Article as though this Section 4.3 did not apply.
- Administration/Distribution of Survivor's Trust -
5.1. The Survivor shall retain full (and unhindered) general power of appointment of
all property held in the Survivor's Trust, including the power to alter, amend or revoke, in
whole or in part, any and all provisions (including the revocation and appointment of any
Trustee of the Survivor's Trust) concerning such property held in the Survivor's Trust.
5.2. Assets allocated to the Survivor's Trust shall be valued as finally determined for
federal estate tax purposes as per Article Four.
5.3. The Survivor shall have the power to direct Trustee to dispose of (and reinvest)
any assets in the Survivor's Trust that fail to provide income to the Survivor; all such income
from the Survivor's Trust shall be distributed (only) to the Survivor and at least annually or in
more frequent installments, for his/her lifetime.
5.4. In the event the Survivor elects to relinquish his/her Trusteeship or becomes
incapacitated as defined in this agreement, the Successor Trustee shall administer the Survivor's
Trust as follows:
(a) Trustee shall distribute, at least annually, the net income to the Survivor
in convenient installments.
(b) Trustee shall, from time to time, distribute or apply for Survivor's benefit
such portions of the principal to provide liberally for his/her maintenance, comfort and
(c) The Survivor may withdraw all or any portion of the Trust assets at any
time by written request filed with Trustee.
(Administration at Survivor's Death)
5.5. Upon the death of the Survivor, Trustee shall administer and distribute any
assets of the Survivor's Trust (including accrued and undistributed income of the Survivor's
Trust) and including those assets, if any, that the Survivor may have disposed of by the last
unrevoked written instruction(s) to the Trustee - including any specific directives in Survivor's
Last Will & Testament or Codicil to such Will (if any) - separate and apart from this Trust
agreement, making specific reference to this power of appointment, exercisable alone by the
Survivor and in all events, as follows:
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(a) Trustee may apply any assets of the Survivor's Trust for the payment of
(i) Survivor's federal estate transfer taxes and/or state (or local) transfer/death taxes (if any); (ii)
expenses of Survivor's last illness, funeral, valid debts and estate administration (if any);
and/or, (iii) federal estate and/or state transfer (or other local) taxes attributed to Survivor's
assets not held in this Trust being transferred to Survivor's beneficiaries who may or may not be
named or identified in this Trust as beneficiaries of this Trust.
(b) Trustee shall pay any of Survivor's federal, state and local transfer tax
obligations, if any, that will become due at such time except any generation-skipping transfer
taxes otherwise payable by a reverse qualified terminable interest property election(s) that may
be established hereunder, between the Settlors, within or without this instrument.
(c) All payments under the preceding provisions of this Article shall be
made from the remaining (Survivor's Trust) Trust assets prior to the final allocation of Trust
assets to the Trust beneficiaries as provided in this agreement.
(d) Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, any assets that are to be
distributed as a specific distribution, in kind, to a certain beneficiary(s) of the Survivor's and/or
the Decedent's Trust Estate that may be described herein - shall not be used, unless otherwise
provided herein, to pay expenses of either the Survivor's or the Decedent's Trust Estate.
(e) Any assets of the Survivor's Trust then remaining at the time of the
Survivor's death, not otherwise disposed of pursuant to Section 5.5 of this Agreement shall be
distributed as per the provisions of Article Eight.
- Administration/Distribution of Trusts "B" & "C" -
(Decedent's Trust - Trust "B")
6.1. All administrative and distributive provisions of Trust "B", concerning property
of Trust "B", may be altered or terminated by amendment, from time to time, only during the
joint lifetimes of the Settlors; such amendment shall be signed by both Settlors and shall be
attached hereto and made a part of this Trust agreement.
6.2. During Survivor's lifetime, Trustee shall administer Trust "B" as follows:
(a) Annual Income - Trustee shall pay or distribute all net income to or for
the benefit of the Survivor only at such intervals as shall be mutually convenient but not less
frequently than annually.
(b) Necessary Support from Principal - If the Survivor's Trust has been
depleted to the extent that available funds are not sufficient to maintain and support the
Survivor, portions of the principal may be used to provide for such Settlor's maintenance and
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(c) During any period in which an Independent Trustee is serving as Trustee,
it may, in its sole discretion, direct distribution of any amount of the principal to or for the
benefit of the Survivor as it deems to be in Survivor's best interests without limitation and
without regard to the purpose or application of such distribution.
6.3. Upon the death of the Survivor, the assets of the Decedent's Trust "B" shall be
held, administrated and distributed as provided in Article Eight of this Agreement.
(QTIP Trust - Trust "C")
6.4. During the lifetime of the Survivor, Trustee shall hold, administer and distribute
the property of Trust "C" (QTIP Trust) as follows:
(a) Trustee shall pay all net income, from Trust "C", to or for the benefit of
the Survivor, for his/her lifetime, at such intervals that shall be mutually convenient but not less
frequently than annually. The Survivor shall have the power to compel the Trustee to dispose of
(and reinvest) any assets in Trust "C" that fail to provide a reasonable income to the Survivor as
income beneficiary of Trust "C". Any income accrued but not distributed at the Survivor's
death shall be distributed to Trust "A" and be added to the principal of such trust.
(b) If the Survivor's resources (including property in Trust "A") have been
depleted to the extent that available funds are not sufficient for such Survivor's general welfare,
portions of the principal, as the Trustee deems advisable, may be used to provide for Survivor's
health, maintenance or support.
(c) During the lifetime of the Survivor, the principal of Trust "C" shall not
be distributed to, or for the benefit of, any other person than the Survivor.
(d) At the Survivor's death, any remaining principal of Trust "C" shall be
held, administrated and distributed as provided in Article Eight of this Agreement.
- Estate Tax Elections & Debt Allocations-
7.1. It is the main purpose and intent of this Article that, so far as is practical, any
estate taxes paid shall be paid out of a decedent Settlor's entire estate whether passing by this
Trust instrument or outside of this Trust instrument concerning property over which a decedent
Settlor possessed a general power of appointment, before distribution to any beneficiary.
7.2. If any estate (or income) tax is paid by a deceased Settlor's Trustee or Executor
because of any interest passing to or in the possession of any person other than the deceased
Settlor's Trustee or Executor, the following shall apply:
(a) The Trustee or Executor shall be entitled to a just and equitable
reimbursement from the beneficiary(s) of such deceased Settlor's estate whose interest(s) were
received, in whole or in part, outside of the possession of the Trustee or Executor.
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(b) Such reimbursements may be realized by the Trustee or Executor by
allocating a just and equitable reduction of any portion of this Trust Estate passing to the
persons whose interest in the estate of the deceased Settlor would have been otherwise reduced
if the tax had been paid before the distribution of the estate or whose interest is subject to equal
or prior liability for the payment of taxes, debts, or other charges against the estate.
7.3. If any part of the gross estate on which estate/transfer tax has been paid consists
of the value of property included in a decedent Settlor's gross estate under IRC Section 2041,
the deceased Settlor's Trustee or Executor shall be entitled to recover from the person (or
persons, prorata if more than one recipient) receiving such property by reason of the exercise,
non-exercise, or release of a power of appointment, such proportion of the total tax paid as the
value of such property bears to the taxable estate.
7.4. In the case of property passing outside this Trust Estate being insurance on the
life of the Settlor, with such Settlor having "incidents of ownership" on such insurance
receivable by other than Trustee, Trustee shall be entitled to recover from such beneficiary such
proportion of the total tax paid as the proceeds of such policies pertain to the taxable estate. If
there is more than one such beneficiary, Trustee shall be entitled to recover from such
beneficiaries in the same ratio respectively.
7.5. If any part of the gross estate consists of property the value of which is
includible in the gross estate by reason of IRC Section 2044, relating to certain property for
which a marital deduction was previously allowed, such decedent Settlor's estate shall be
entitled to recover from the person receiving the property the amount by which the total tax
which has been paid exceeds the total tax which would have been payable if the value of such
property had not been included in the gross estate.
7.6. Any assets that are to be distributed as a specific allocation/distribution - to a
certain beneficiary(s) of this Trust Estate - shall not be used, nor the value thereof, to pay
expenses of this Trust Estate as described in this Article. Notwithstanding, any mortgage, lien,
or encumbrance on a specific devise to a certain beneficiary shall NOT BE EXONERATED, or
charged against the Trust Estate, or paid by the Trustee prior to distribution but shall rather be
included in any such specific allocation – unless otherwise prescribed hereunder.
7.7. Trustee may exercise all of the foregoing elections and any others available
under any tax law – including the under-funding (or over-funding) of the Credit Shelter
Trust as may be beneficial (to all parties of this Trust) under the terms of Rev. Proc. 2001-
38 or other (similar) law under consideration of state and/or federal transfer tax law at
the time of decease of the first Settlor to die – only to obtain, to the extent practicable,
both the optimum reduction in taxes estimated to be payable by a (respective) Settlor's
estate, this Trust, the beneficiaries of both, any business interests in the Trust Estate and
the optimum deferral of all taxes. Additionally, Trustee may make adjustments between
income and principal accounts and allocate the benefits from any election among the
various beneficiaries of this Trust, and may compensate for the consequences of any
election that Trustee believes has had the effect of directly or indirectly preferring one
beneficiary or a group of beneficiaries over others.
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- Estate Distribution Upon Death of Survivor -
Trustee shall allocate the balance of the principal and accrued (but) undistributed income of
Trust "A", the principal and accrued undistributed income of Trust "B" and the principal of
Trust "C" referred to as the Residual Trust Estate - and distribute as follows:
8.1. Trustee shall allocate and distribute equal share values of the Trust Estate
to the following named beneficiaries –
HENRY J SMITH, JR, ANN B SMITH & JUSTIN F SMITH
8.2. Contingent Distributions. If any beneficiary named above does not survive the
last Settlor to die then such deceased beneficiary's portion shall be distributed EQUALLY TO
HIS (HER) SURVIVING LEGAL CHILDREN/ISSUE, BY RIGHT OF REPRESENTATION.
If any such named beneficiary does not survive the last Settlor to die and leaves no surviving
children/issue, in such case, then that decedent beneficiary's portion shall be distributed equally
to the other surviving beneficiaries named above (or as otherwise may be prescribed in Section
8.3. Notwithstanding the provisions defined above, Section 8.4 (below) provides a
"Schedule of Other/Alternate Primary Beneficiaries" which is a list of beneficiaries (if any),
and the percentages of the Trust Estate that each respective beneficiary listed thereon shall
receive prior to the allocations and distributions prescribed in Section 8.1 of this Article.
(a) Section 8.1 allocations – in such case of utilizing Section 8.4 – shall then
be deemed as allocations of the remainder of the Trust Estate (that is) remaining after the
allocations/distributions prescribed in Section 8.4.
(b) If there is/are no beneficiary(s) identified above in Section 8.1 – and the
beneficiaries listed in Section 8.4 (and/or under Section “8.6” / by Special Directives, if
applicable) are to receive a total aggregate of 100% of the Trust Estate (in the portions
prescribed therein) – then, unless otherwise prescribed by an amendment to this trust, the
allocations defined in Section 8.4 (and/or under Section “8.6” / by Special Directives, if
applicable) shall be deemed as the ONLY “Distribution Schedule(s)” of this Trust Estate and
the only allocation and distribution terms for beneficiary distributions provided herein.
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Alternate and/or Additional Primary Beneficiaries
8.4. Provided below is the "Schedule of Other/Alternate Primary Beneficiaries".
If any beneficiary identified therein does not survive the last Settlor to die, then such decedent
person’s designated portion shall be allocated and distributed to those other beneficiaries listed
below on said Schedule in prorata portions of the aggregate percentage of the Trust Estate:
– SCHEDULE OF OTHER/ALTERNATE PRIMARY BENEFICIARIES –
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
_________________________________ / _______%
8.5. Notwithstanding the above, in the event that any beneficiary of this Trust is then
a debtor to (either of) the Settlors, then the following shall apply:
(a) The share of such indebted person – as verified by an instrument in
writing – shall be decreased by a formula amount equal to the total outstanding debt(s) such
person owed (either of) the Settlors (owes to either of the Settlor’s Trust estate) which amount
is then multiplied by a percentage that corresponds to the percent of the total Trust estate –
including the value of the debt(s) owed to (either of) the Settlors – that such indebted person is
not entitled to receive which shall be referred to as the percentage amount.
(b) The formulated percentage amount shall be subtracted from such
indebted person’s portion and added prorata to all the portion(s) distributable to the other
beneficiary(s) then living.
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Alternate and/or Additional Specific Directives of Trust
NOTICE TO SETTLORS: Use space below to enter other terms/directives that you want
mandated through your Trust including but not limited to allocations, if any, to (other)
beneficiaries as to distributions of "in cash" and/or "in kind":
8.6. The following terms shall ADDITIONALLY apply as to or in place of the
administrative provisions and/or successor trustee appointments and/or allocation terms and
decrees of this Trust notwithstanding any provisions otherwise defined herein to the contrary.
Any allocations to beneficiaries prescribed below – whether in cash and/or in kind and/or in
unequal percentage amounts – shall be deemed and administered as part of the Schedule of
Other/Alternate Primary Beneficiaries with respect to the terms of allocation/administration
< < < End of Section 8.5 > > >
8.7. The following identified person(s) has/have been intentionally disinherited and
is/are not to receive any portion(s) of this Trust Estate under any conditions:
8.8. Trustee shall administer and distribute those portions or shares of this Trust
Estate allocated to any beneficiary (as per this Article), who has not then attained the age of
twenty-one (21) years, or is legally incapacitated, at the time of death of the last Settlor to die,
as per Article Ten (infra).
8.9. In the event that the foregoing provisions fail to provide for the distribution of
all or any portion of the Trust Estate then such property, to the extent not distributed as per this
Article, shall be distributed respectively to the living heirs-at-law of each Settlor (as to each
Settlor’s respective interest of this Trust Estate), as determined by the laws of the state of
domicile of the last Settlor to die at the time of his/her decease.
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- Successor Trustee Appointments -
9.1. The Settlors reserve the power to remove any Trustee during their joint lives and
to appoint other or additional Trustees not presently named as Successor Trustee at the creation
of this Trust.
9.2. Settlors shall serve as Co-Trustees (as heretofore appointed) until (i) they resign
by a statement in writing (individually to the other Settlor or) addressed to (the successor)
Trustee(s) or (ii) they are diagnosed by an attending physician as being impaired (certified in
writing) beyond having the ability to manage their administrative duties of this Trust or (iii)
9.3. Upon (i) resignation or (ii) inability to serve because of a medical/mental
condition causing impairment of normal administrative abilities (as evidenced by a medical
certificate from his/her attending physician) or (iii) death of the first Settlor to die, the other
Settlor shall serve as sole Trustee.
(Following is the designation of the Successor Trustee)
9.4. Upon the (i) resignation or (ii) inability to serve because of a medical or mental
condition causing impairment of normal administrative/fiduciary abilities (as then evidenced by
a medical certificate from his/her attending physician) or (iii) death of the surviving
Settlor/Trustee, HENRY J SMITH, JR (Creators' Son) shall serve as Trustee. If HENRY J
SMITH, JR is unwilling or unable to serve then ANN B SMITH (Creators' Daughter) shall
serve as Trustee of this Trust.
9.5. If there are no Successor Trustee Appointees identified above willing or able to
serve as Trustee, or there are no Successor Trustee Appointees named whatsoever, then
SUMMIT TRUST COMPANY, a Nevada Corporation, shall serve as Trustee of this Trust.
(Designation of the Trust Protector)
9.6. Settlors may appoint a Trust Protector (also referred to as the “Trust Advisor”)
with respect to this Trust, and any Trust created hereunder, as prescribed and identified in the
Special Directives part of section 8.6/Article Eight. If Settlors do not appoint a Trust Protector
then (only) a unanimous vote of the surviving vested beneficiaries of this Trust (or their
guardians) may appoint a Trust Protector; such unanimous-vote-appointment notice must be in
writing by all vested beneficiaries delivered to and received by the acting Trustee, and shall be
effective immediately upon Trustee’s receipt of such notice.
(a) In addition to the powers, authority, and general terms concerning the
appointment of the above-identified Trust Protector as described in Article Ten, infra, the
Trust Protector shall have the right to exercise, or direct the Trust Investment Advisor’s
exercise of, all of the investment powers enumerated in this instrument or provided by law,
including, without limitation, voting proxies and cash management.
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(b) The death or disability of either Settlor shall not, by such event alone,
alter the appointment or provision(s) of the Trust Protector designation. Notwithstanding, any
provision to the contrary, the Trust Protector shall not act as Trust Protector of this Trust until
the incapacity or death of the surviving Settlor of this Trust unless otherwise so designated – in
writing – to serve as Trust Protector prior to such time.
9.7. The appointed Trust Protector may decline the appointment thereof or resign as
such (when acting as the Trust Protector) by a writing personally signed and filed with the
Trustee. If a Trust Protector vacancy then created has not been filled as hereinabove provided,
then the Trust Protector terms of this Trust shall be deemed as not applicable.
9.8. The Trust Protector of each Trust hereunder shall exercise the Trust Protector's
functions in a fiduciary capacity and in a way that the Trust Protector reasonably believes to be in
accordance with the purposes of this Agreement. The Trust Protector shall not be under any duty
to inquire into or ensure the performance by the Trustee of its duties and shall not be liable for any
loss to such Trust (unless such loss results from actions in bad faith or the willful misconduct of
the Trust Protector).
(a) The Trust Protector shall have no duty to monitor the conduct of [e.g., the
Investment Advisor or the Distribution Advisor,] and shall not be liable for any exercise or failure
to exercise the powers granted herein (unless such loss results from actions in bad faith or are a
result of the willful misconduct of the Trust Protector).
(b) The Trustee shall not participate in or have any liability for the selection of
the Trust Protector. The Trustee shall not have any duty to seek any direction or action from the
Trust Protector. While a Trust Protector is serving, the Trustee shall have no responsibility to
monitor the performance of the Trust Protector or to replace the Trust Protector. In addition, the
Trustee shall have no duty to communicate with, warn or apprise any beneficiary or third party
concerning instances in which the Trustee would or might have exercised the Trustee's own
discretion in a manner different from the manner directed by the Trust Protector.
9.9. The Trust Protector shall not be entitled to receive compensation for performing
the service of Trust Protector.
(Designation of the Trust Investment Advisor)
9.10. Settlors may appoint a Trust Investment Advisor (“TIA”) with respect to this
Trust, and any Trust created hereunder, as prescribed and identified in the Special Directives
part of section 8.6/Article Eight. The death or disability of the (surviving) Settlor shall not, by
such event alone, alter the appointment or provision(s) of the TIA designation.
(a) The provisions, decrees, powers and authority concerning the
appointment of the above-identified Trust Investment Advisor is expressly described in Article
Ten; the death or disability of either Settlor shall not alter the appointment or provision(s) of
the Trust Investment Advisor designation.
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(b) Notwithstanding, any provision to the contrary, at any time that either
Settlor is acting as Trustee then the appointed Trust Investment Advisor (TIA) shall not act as
the TIA of this Trust, in such case, until the incapacity or death of the Settlor unless otherwise
so designated – in writing – to serve as the TIA, notwithstanding. Conversely, the named TIA
may act as the TIA when the Corporate Trustee (named above) (or any other “successor”
Trustee) is then serving as Trustee – unless otherwise so designated.
(c) If a Trust Protector is not appointed by the Settlor(s) by the time of the
surviving Settlor’s decease then the identified Corporate Trustee of this Trust shall appoint a
TIA, including any entity(s) affiliated with the Corporate Trustee, in its unhindered discretion.
(Settlors’ Trustee Resignation or Incapacitation Terms & Definitions)
9.11. If the surviving Settlor has been replaced as Trustee because of a voluntary
relinquishment of his/her Trusteeship or by incapacity, that Settlor may re-establish his/her
Trusteeship to himself/herself by executing an affidavit or notice of Trustee's termination (if a
Successor Trustee is then serving) and a physician's notice declaring his/her recovery if
incapacitation had been (before) declared by a physician.
9.12. In the event of incapacitation of either Settlor as defined in this Article Nine, the
Settlors' State of current domicile – or the State selected to govern the provisions of this Trust
instrument by Trustee election – has as a requirement that two (or more) physicians must
execute an affidavit in determining a person's legal incapacitation declaring that such person is
unable to attend to his own fiduciary affairs because of his mental or physical condition, then
the laws and statutes of such State shall prevail concerning such requirement.
(a) The appointed Successor Trustee shall, in such case, secure two or more
medical opinion letters concerning such Settlor's inability to serve as Trustee; such opinion
letters may be derived from the letter forms (then signed) provided in conjunction with this
Trust document set or from otherwise office letter forms (then signed) provided by the
attending physician’s office.
(b) The appointed Successor Trustee and transfer agents may deem the
opinion letters as the required "certification of incapacitation" concerning such Settlor's
existing condition and may be relied upon, in all events.
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- Trustee/Fiduciary Powers & Provisions -
The powers hereby granted to Trustee may be exercised during the term of any Trust
created hereunder. During the time after the termination of any such Trust (created hereunder)
as is reasonably necessary to distribute the Trust assets, Trustee shall have all powers conferred
by law to the extent not inconsistent with those stated in this document. All of Trustee's powers
are exercisable without any court authorization or approval to wit:
10.1. Disposition of Vested Assets. Trustee shall distribute the apportioned vested
shares of principal to each beneficiary (as named) provided such beneficiary(s) has attained the
age of twenty-one (21) years or older, and is not legally incapacitated. If any property of this
Trust becomes distributable to a beneficiary(s) who has not attained such age or is legally
incapacitated, the income (and principal, if needed) of such assets shall, unless otherwise
prohibited in this Trust instrument or by Amendments attached hereto, be used and distributed
for such beneficiary's health, education, maintenance and support as follows:
(a) Trustee may, in its discretion, distribute portions of income (and
principal, if needed) of such beneficiary's assets and/or asset account directly to such
beneficiary; Trustee may distribute any remaining assets to such beneficiary if the total value of
such assets is not large enough to require administration of such herein or for any other valid
reason that would effectively apply at such time.
(b) Trustee may, in its discretion (which shall be binding and conclusive
upon all parties in interest, if made in good faith), distribute from the Trust Fund of a
beneficiary - who is a minor or is legally incapacitated to any person or organization providing
support for such beneficiary, the natural guardian or legally appointed guardian, conservator or
other fiduciary of the beneficiary or a combination of both. Trustee is to make all such
disbursements promptly for any necessities of guardianship proceedings that may apply to any
(c) Trustee may distribute such assets to the beneficiary's custodian under
provisions of IRC Section 2503 and the Uniform Gift to Minors Act or Uniform Transfers to
Minor Act as applied under the statutes of the state-of-administration of this Trust or to such
(d) Unless otherwise disposed of herein, if such beneficiary dies before
receiving the final distribution of his/her share of this Trust Estate then Trustee may use the
remaining balance of such beneficiary's share for the payment of any expenses of such
deceased beneficiary's last illness, funeral or cremation or any other expenses as a result of
his/her decease and shall distribute any balance remaining after payment of such expenses as
provided in Article Eight of this Agreement.
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